Monkeypox outbreak: What you need to know

Monkeypox outbreak: What you need to know

Monkeypox is a highly contagious, severe viral disease that can cause fever and muscle aches in humans. It is spread by contact with the feces of infected monkeys.
image src: Google Img Medidina

It is difficult for humans to catch this virus because it does not spread through the air, so it is mostly found in countries where monkeys are present. The virus has been known to affect over 30 countries worldwide and has resulted in the deaths of several people. The monkeypox virus was first identified in 1958 by a Belgian veterinarian who was working with monkeys in Africa. Monkeypox is a rare disease in the United States, only affecting an estimated 1 to 2 people per year. This makes it difficult for scientists to study and develop vaccines for this virus. 

 There are two types of monkeypox viruses: Type 1 is the more generic form and has been seen in three countries – Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Uganda. Type 2 has only been seen twice in Africa. The symptoms of the virus include fever, blisters on the skin, headache, muscle pain, body aches— and a rash. The fatality rate of monkeypox is about 20% 

Monkeypox is a rare but serious infectious disease found in monkeys. It is caused by the monkeypox virus, which is a member of the genus Orthopoxviral. 

A recent outbreak of monkeypox in the Democratic Republic of Congo has emerged to be particularly severe, with death rates close to 4,000 infected 

Monkeypox is an orthopoxviral, which means it can affect both monkeys and humans. Most human cases are asymptomatic or mild, but some may be fatal. Monkeypox causes fever and rash on the skin and mucous membranes. Symptoms usually occur between 10-14 days after exposure to the virus.

more information to come.

Article Keynotes & Takeaway 

Monkeypox is a highly contagious disease that is caused by the monkeypox virus and affects mostly primates, including humans. The virus is transmitted through close contact with an infected animal or person. 

Monkeypox information: 

– Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle aches, joint pain, and a rash. 

– Initial symptoms appear 2 to 4 weeks after exposure to the virus. 

– There are no vaccines for monkeypox. – There is no cure for monkeypox, but treatment can help manage the symptoms of the illness. 

This is why you’re unhappy: read at your own risk

Learning; Not An Optional Hobby “I am terrified of humans that don’t read” -piper artificial intelligence Whenever I feel I have something very eye-opening to say, I like to put a disclaimer because knowledge is power, and too much power at the wrong time can make your brain wacky. I know because my professor in…


Top 10 reasons rescuing a dog is a horrible thing to do

If you are looking to adopt or consider try the best pet rescue for you. I am not affiliate marketing I just know is reliable. It’s worth a shot to see all the pups and kits nearby. Consider fostering!

Oh I’m sorry is my house light and free rent bothering you? Get up it’s 4pm!

Top 10 Reasons; never adopt!

Reasons NOT to adopt a shelter pet for animal rescue week.

  1. They start by making you come home regularly to let them “potty.” Who wants to be responsible?
  2. You legit have to pet them, or they sigh at you because they love you so much and you’re their world
  3. Sometimes they’ll do things like throwing a toy at your cellphone just to get noticed.
  4. THEY MAKE YOU EXERCISE. You genuinely feel like a POS if you don’t take your pet out multiple times a day to smell the grass and other animals’ butts.
  5. After all that, they make you liable. You can’t live on the edge when you have children.
  6. First, they want the end of your bed, and by the time they’ve gotten what they want, they already have started to take up the whole bed
  7. When you read the news and your blood pressure starts rising, and fear takes over, you want to play fetch. Right there. Right then.
  8. You have to say goodbye at some point, and it’s a hard pill to swallow, but the lessons learned are beyond necessary they’re fundamental values.
  9. They make you freak out, thinking they ate something off your floor.
  10. They put up with you. Even when you can’t face yourself anymore. They keep you on a good track. They can replace bad habits. Resilient. They know it, they “apologize” when you get mad and it’s not even at them. Did I mention they never love you less? They fully dedicate their lives to you. Clingy.
Sometimes your cat face times your friends dogs.

Animals have personalities. Some don’t believe this, but they do. Cats and dogs are constantly speaking to you. For mental health awareness and pet adoption and rescue month, let’s talk about all the rescue dogs who’ve saved my life. Those dogs and cats I’ve rehomed to better homes or fostered or taken on cause someone couldn’t have been the spark in my life, and they give me a purpose. Protect them and help them as they have me. Cause in your darkest hour, you will find yourself alone, lifehack: you’re never lonely when you have a dog.

Come on, and I don’t just like dogs cause they’re cute. I need a dog because they’re your partners.

Did I mention they fall asleep on you sometimes and then you can’t get up and you have to calm down, cuddle, and go back to bed.

Picture proof that rescue dogs are awful! Just the worst.

Get up? Not today! Dog is too cute to wake up. Morning breath is real though.

The “attention seeker”

05.06.2022 pet of the day- dale The French bulldog. Found on
Okay I guess I’m gonna have to snuggle you oddly or just sit elsewhere? Too cute to move you.
Okay how did we get from being allowed on the foot of my bed to sharing the bed to full bed takeover. But still too cute to wake up! Wtf
Yeah you’re gonna need an iPhone. When they’re too cute to move all you can do is take really good pictures of their cute faces.
The two species pretend they aren’t a team. But than they are both too cute too move. Sleeping in the middle like a cuddle sandwich.
If you have a dog with guard like personality traits they’ll stare at nothing all day long just to protect you. If they don’t move they just grow from the grass🤷
They love car rides. Not statistically speaking cops don’t wanna fck with the dog😛
Better like doing laundry. That fur does not remove itself
Seriously can’t get up today, dogs on me. Work will understand.

Besides forcing your bad habits into good ones and testing / teaching your core values, many dogs and cats are euthanized every day. Idiots.

They are however much work you invest in them. Some dogs are very personable, and others (pitty) are big giant babies. They’re unique. Mutts are the best.

Every day this month, I will post a story about a dog I’ve fostered or an animal-related / veterinary-related blog. Shoot me a pic of your furball!

No time like the present to save a pet.

This blog is a satire- yes, yes, you should always adopt, and yes, you need an animal.

Not sure if a pet is suitable for you? Ask your closest friends and family. If they say you should get a dog, you’re likely annoying them with your loneliness.

Lastly, you are to continue to adopt even when your best friend has passed because a dog’s love teaches you unconditional love and forgiveness; that is what you do. You commit to loving something for 10-14 years. It’s not so bad.

Selling Digital Artwork

Selling Digital Artwork

Graphic Designs

A graphic design is a one-of-a-kind drawing or photograph that has been digitalized and manipulated with computer software to look a certain way. I make a point of never making the same two images/posters. You can use graphic design for anything. They can be stock photos, curated content for you (email for more info), logos, infographics, interest posts, t-shirt mockups, Instagram posts, Facebook images, Facebook banners. Once purchased, I hand all rights to that image to the prospective buyer, and the ability to watermark your photo and a .zip file with multiple formats. This now becomes YOUR property. (works for NFT as well)

Gold Capricious – sold

Also, one-of-a-kind logos for you. That fits your style.



Graffiti Emily


Daylight Pool



Happy New Year 2020 card with colorful gradient brushstroke design. Vector background.

People, Places, Pets; I do it all. I capture the moments that slip away.





Amazon Prime Top 10 Sloth Products; Top Sloth Gifts

My sister recently had a baby boy, and it’s the first in our family between the two of us. I noticed that I was starting to see an abundance of sloth toys and books and… well, everything! Around the house. Charlie, my nephew, is now gone, and his best friend is his toy sloth. I had to make sure to spread the good word for my little dude.

I used a price grabber to capture today’s BEST sloth toys. Oh, and I meant for adults- not just children. I’m pretty sure it’s the adult who gets joy from it and their soft plush toys for babies. For all sizes!


Number Ten: fitted adult unisex onesie pajamas. Comfort + Sloth = Slumber of happiness.


Number Nine: sloth necklace sterling silver “slow down be happy” Slider Sloths Pendant Jewelry gifts for her


Number Eight: Chala Crossbody Cell Phone Purse – Woman’s canvas multicolor handbag with adjustable straps


Number Seven; Party City Soft Cuddly Halloween Costume For Babies, hooded onsies, tan

$30.98-$40.33 – must have for babies

Number Six: Mini Backpack, Loomiloo small backpack for women: shoulder bag for young girls sloth backpack

Was $25.99 now $19.99

Number five: King Of Sloths With Crown, Robes, Armor, and scepter illustration Beautifully up-cycled Dictionary page book art photograph

$9.99 (Only Seven Left)

Number Four: Douglas Baby Pink Sloth Snuggler Plush Stuff Animal —excellent baby shower gift.

$18.95 with a life time impression

Number Three: Vavalad Sloth Wearable Oversized Blanket and Sweater. Cute and good for gifting one size fits all- unisex


Number Two: Sloth Stationary! Perfect gift or personal. Sloth planner and notes


Number One: Official Snax The Sloth 2021 version, talking plush, snuggly, talks back for boys and girls moving eyes and mouth.


That being said. Gifts don’t have to break your bank this holiday season if you are creative and aware of the plush sloth epidemic. Thoughtful gifts are always worth more than expensive gifts that you have no idea who will like.

Who doesn’t like sloths ?!?!?!?

Go get your sloth shop on. Faster….

Empathic Emily; Alternative View On War

Empathic Emily; Alternative View On War

The Taco Talks; Alternative View- Ditch War. It Kills.

“War is fighting to die.”

I thought on that one for a minute…

Why would anyone need to kill someone else furthermore get a star for it? Such shit would fuck me up(too)

Honestly, imagine It’s like, “here’s your badge of honor, sorry we made you kill a man who in a different country is someone to people as well as you are. Is it that far off from watching the second hunger games? Some of them weren’t even born when 9/11 happened. Is it OUR fault for trusting the government blindly? 

Yes, 100% yes. If you had thought about it as the 20-year-old kid about to go to Iraq or Afghanistan because he dropped out of college and had no career options left, you might not really want to go murder someone.

Now, imagine being a mother or father to a sweet one-year-old. Now fast forward eighteen years, and “the military,” which was just an option, has become a mandatory round of Call of Duty for your child, your baby. Is this your fault? Yes. It bothers me that you didn’t think about what would happen if things didn’t work out. Guess what? It turns out that literally, NOTHING we ever knew was right, but we still make kids murder kids and then report it all over media. Like, start a fund- go to Haiti, stop posting about shit you don’t even know about, and get the fuck off your phone. 

Now, imagine being the Taliban family or isis-k, and you’re 20 years old. You literally have never had a choice. You might have had great friends at school before military camp, but really, you weren’t even given a fair chance to experience life before some dumb American comes and blows your head off. 

American Soldiers Prepare To Leave After 20 Years


Adios Kabul…

Like really? REALLY

And everyone’s like, “yeah. it makes sense. Let’s vote for Kanye next.” also! Defund the police and make guns available to babies. I love the NRA (Not Right Americans). 

So there is your daily dose of empathy. When you think about war, no matter the cause of the war, there really should NEVER be a feel-good to MURDERING someone. Way to go, traumatize yourself and your kids. Put the guns away and pick up a fucking book.

P.S if you wouldn’t jump off a cliff when johnny did, why would you murder another human because some old man told you it was right? 

The point of this article is to explain an alternative perspective to war in general. It doesn’t matter which country is fighting, what war is what started it or what wants revenge. It’s about the fact that we treat our lives SO seriously that we end up killing each other. Meanwhile, half of the world is on fire, and the other half is underwater. We are basically stardust, a bunch of gross rock minerals, and water, so yeah- we shouldn’t just feel “safe” when the weather acts like this. 

For those who genuinely have “transcended” or got woke- whatever, you know what you know, and all you can do is explain it. Good luck, might as well just watch the news and shut your mouth–you will never win an argument about politics unless it’s getting graded. 

Most people don’t understand the psychological trauma and damage that being in or evening witnessing or knowing someone in a war is like. I don’t know what it’s like. I don’t have a kid. I have a nephew, and he doesn’t believe in guns, “It was not for him,” smart kid. 



If you’ve ever lost anyone, you know what every mother country, culture, and father is thinking in every part of the world. The same thing you are, “What the fuck.” 

NO DISRESPECT TO THE ARMY, NAVY, MILITARY, ETC. I have MAD respect for soldiers because they choose to put themselves in front of the bullet to get up and Instagram our food all day. I appreciate that they are so utterly noble to their country that they WOULD put their lives on hold and go to war, so we don’t all have to. 

I don’t know any of you, I don’t know the president, and I sure as shit am not going to go to war ever, even if I’m drafted. You’d have to kill me standing there. I also refuse to go to jail, so good luck carrying my fatass to prison when I don’t go murder some other person my age. Busy, thanks, though. 

The scary thing about all of this and these empathy posts is that I truly believe Americans are the kindest people ever as a nation. Honestly, a lot nicer than most of my Canadian friends and fam. The problem is not enough Americans have been taught to think for themselves and do the things in life that we learned in school, but for PLEASURE, not for a passing grade. 

If knowledge is power, and nobody is actually fact-checking things or hearing both sides of the story, they contribute to a nation of morons glued to the blue light screen on their blood money iPhones. That’s a post for another day. It’s called Empathize with a child who makes your cocaine or gets killed.

This post was entirely factual for me; it’s my blog and my position. If you don’t like me, shoot me. 

Just kidding. I’m proud of you for 


The Taco (crabby) 

This Video Is Nine Years Old– WHY DID WE KEEP ON KEEPING ON!?

Cat behavior Q&A; Why do cats love humans more than anything?

Question submitted through Pet Collective Quora

Paula poundstone

Cats do not love people more than anything. For them to love a human more than food, water, or other cats is just the unique characteristic of that cat. As evolution goes on, we notice new features in anything newborn. In time, it’s likely cats will evolve to be friendlier by nature: it’s all in the DNA which cat breeders And bioengineering.
Though cats have proven to show compassion, cats are like humans in many ways. Not all cats like all cats. Not all cats like their owners. Not all domestic cats do either, but still, we coexist with them for comfort, pest control, and fun, and they do the same, but for food. Food is always the drive.

El Niño, Norwegian Forest Cat, Living the good life

Working at Chicago Animal Care and Control, it was my duty to clean all the cat wards. When doing so, I realized how crazy, unpredictable, and “human-like.” every cat was. Some cats were mean, others scared, others trying to get me to take them, etc.; they are incredibly similar to human Beings personality-wise, and no two cats were the same. They have personalities. They think, and they feel.

Worried Cat

Cats are very manipulative, not necessarily in the wrong way, but like a baby crying for attention, they can lie, and they know how to get what they want and will care less if you disagree. While your dog might be your companion and love you regardless of circumstances, your cat is more like your roommate or best friend. No two human/cat bonds are the same. Dogs are all loving, and cats are all-knowing or self-serving (like humans).
The main reason cats get along with humans is that we are shelter, comfort, safety, and we supply constant food and cuddle sources. Cats who don’t display affection for their humans haven’t run away because they don’t want to risk losing a stress-free life.


Angry cats are likely ungrateful for the attention. Loving cats want you to know they appreciate you. They may be extra loving (Especially when there is food involved) in a situation where they want action from you. Unlike puppies, cats are born with innate knowledge; they know that their claws are there to fight and that other cats are outside. Most cats choose the free food And shelter option.

Cats are independent carnivores. In the wild, they survive around three years. Domestic cats can live up to about 21 with new medical advances. They do not, however, “need” you but generally speaking, they’re pretty happy with their owners, or they’d escape/vandalize your home. That’s when you call a cat counselor. Real thing. If they are here to hunt and survive, that’s by nature why they need humans.

Suppose your cat loves you more than anything that means precisely that. You have an outstanding bond with your cat. My cat (http://Https:// and I, who I’ve had for eight years, get in fights with me. Not physical, but we get annoyed with each other. I don’t care for him sitting on my phone, and he doesn’t care for me not paying attention to him when he wants it.


If cats could speak, they wouldn’t.

Good Housekeeping

Cats can rotate their ears to listen to many different noises. They can attend for prey and hear your gossip.

Cats are insanely mesmerizing, rude, and marvelous creatures (excellent rodent control), and they get along with humans more than they love humans more than anything. That is impossible because the cat loves itself more than anything. They are often confused with dogs regarding behavioral questions because they are domesticated wild animals (well, the dog is now artificial but descended from an extinct wolf), and they CAN coexist. Not all can, though. You wouldn’t consider your iguana to have a personality like your dog or cats (they have their personalities and behaviors)

Quantum Physics; The new science of classical mechanics.

Quantum Physics; The new science of classical mechanics.

For all of you listening to this article on Spotify, or whatever platform- Thank you! I am working at perfecting my magic, and it will soon flow more genuinely as I use and manage the transitions and wording. If you like the podcast LET ME KNOW!


Quantum physics, shortly put, is the science of everything. This is exactly why you should learn the fundamentals of QM. #quantum #mechanics #science

The Taco Talk

Quantum physics, shortly put, is the science of everything. this identifies how everything in our universe works. it’s me; it is you; it is us. this identifies what we are made of, why we are made of such, and how we became this form. It’s the study of matter at its core level. examing this our creation and the particle matters surrounding itSadly, a Masters’s Degree, Bachelors’s Degree, or even some sort of Associates’ degree won’t get you significantly noticed in the field of Quantum Physics. it’s so trivial it does not even have a fitting degree title.

Quantum Physics has a fail proof process of identifying comprehensive solutions to deep thought thinking that man can not or has not yet lived capable of calculating himself.

These Quantum theories are than studied during a lifetime for man, but Quantum Computing provides quick solutions to some scientific ideas that human has been researching for decades. So why is it so vastly unpopular? Partially just in due to its name. Nothing Quantum or Mechanical sounds easy. However, if labeled in modern-day society would like to be a degree in Calculating Universal Theories. Or it is adding numbers to words.

Nonetheless, you can strive for a Master’s degree in physics. Just not quantifiable Physics. So why does it matter if we learn Quantum Physics or not? Careers presently with a degree in this field (Quantum Physics) are considered “theoretical.”, or “experimental.” It’s almost as if saying you’re a freelance science genius.

Careers presently in this field are at the very least in urgent need of people to analyze it. When you choose to study Quantum Psychics, you are operating with a quantum supercomputer. Most helpful and cautiously described a Quantum Computer is a computer ( Do not be fooled by the name computer) because they act almost nothing compared to your current smartphone or laptop computer. They digest information input by using such methods of “superposition” and “complexity.”

Quantum Computers are where the most knowledgeable Artificial Intelligence and other robots are made to serve a specific purpose, not just do an action at hand. They retain information and use it sequentially to predict the future outcomes of many, many universally undiscovered answers such as medical diseases both of the mind and body, any space issues, and even calculating our existence.

Not only does learning Quantum Physics entail learning to engineer if you decide to get a degree in it, but it offers you insight that will be advantageous soon. It provides a way to explain how we are quantifying the circumstances at hand and how we can foretell outcomes by quantification. It serves no one, any good, to avoid learning Quantum Science.

In a recent study done, an innovative Quantum Physicist used quantum mechanics to compound (mix) different drugs at precise doses unable to be delivered by a human. A Quantum Physics Major often earns about $120,172 if nothing else grabbed your attention.

Some questions a Quantum Physics Teacher may be able to answer.

  • How do birds intuitively find their form across thousands of miles from the open sky throughout their entire voyage?
  • What is photosynthesis exactly? How does it relate to humans?
  • How does the sense of human smell work?

Since the answers to these questions are all “complex,” it makes sense that we use Quantum Computers to calculate the probable outcome of these questions. For instance, numerous Quantum Studies showed in photosynthesis that plant cells accumulate light shards, releasing energy-gathering bits called excitons. Without going too in-depth, the excitons offer energy to the significant home quantum center. There it is than transformed into a chemical fuel and digested or metabolized by the plant. With this process, everything happens at a billionth of one second to evade losing heat with divine precision. This sort of calculation to this day is impossible or not yet proven possible done calculated by man.

Lately, mysteries of the world have come to light and if you’re unsure where to look, look no further than your local library for anything Quantum. Heck, has Quantum Physics for babies! The need to learn this sort of language, to a degree, is going to ultimately decide who succeeds with the new technological era and who will fail. Being able to adapt to new sciences and understanding is just a way of life. We, as creatures, can adapt.

In a 2007 test done by biophysicist Greg Engel, Engel proved that “excitons” experience a quantum reaction. Engel also termed a phenomenon “superposition” or documented speculation that two particles exist in two different places at one moment. It also established two other inclinations and sections of research – a particle and a wave.

Quantum Physics, of course, follows under the establishment of Quantum Mechanics. Quantum Mechanics is where we run into a massive problem with inflated astronomical dimensions. Quantum energy fields only carry a certain amount of energy, even if they are in an insignificant superficial location. The amount of energy the Quantum Energy Fields contain gets more prominent as the globules grow and become full-grown.

In Einstein’s most popular theory, the theory of relativity, he uses quantum physics to calculate actions to words and words into numbers. E=M (c2)

Kinetic Energy (life) = The Mass times all its parts times the speed of light squared. If we use this model, we are saying that stacking up energy is precisely like piling up mass. If the pack were big enough, the amount of power in the Quantum Fields grows so far and so fast that it produces a black hole that begins the world starting to collapse in on itself.

It’s essential in Quantum Physics to measure the sun’s relativity to the earth. It’s a giant form that emits UV and gas heat. The sun is made of energy, made of power. As a threat to our wellbeing- it’s essential to quantify the sun’s reactions at any given time. The sun’s recent activity is another reason we should all be a little more invested in Quantum Physics.

Underneath all the layers of Quantum Physics, you have a very essential and easy to explain the idea. You are studying the science of your life, in contrast with the universe and planets. You are adding numbers to words to make equations. When equating something, it may not look not very comforting, but it isn’t. Scientists have forever have a hard time making what they do for a living sound interesting, so to put it in a “quantifiable” why it’s 2x more important than just physics itself!

The last significant aspect of Quantum Physics is in classical “mechanics” and “psychics” we study no problem. It’s the word Quantum itself that is scary but not complicated. Quantum Physics has been around since the beginning of universal law. The act of any particle collapsing, the proven theory of two things in one place at one time, and quantum destruction of gravitation all suffer a hindrance.

Today, In a world where we aren’t exactly sure who to listen to anymore or what readers are credible enough to read. Teaching yourself the basics of Quantum Physics not only helps prep you for the future, but it can make you a bit ahead of the game in all areas of your life. When we understand ourselves, our lives and quantify it- we have a mastermind personality.

In conclusion, the word Quantum is nothing more than a way to say quantify. For new business owners or current business owners Quantum should be a word you know backwards and forwards. If you can correctly identify a fact based on Quantum Physics than you have changed the world!


live science, the guardian, wired,

American Rescue Plan; where to find facts federal government programs

American Rescue Plan; where to find facts federal government programs

The written article below besides the note is direct copied from whitehouse.govfactual government approved newsfeed. To see original article click link the picture below shows what pops up when I type “IDES FEDERAL PROGRAMS TWITTER” in the Google app search bar

I don’t even use Twitter. It’s why it took me nearly a year to realize that is where I should’ve been looking for data the whole time I’ve needed aid with government-assisted programs.

Twitter screenshot most recent ILLINOIS IDES TWITTER UPDATE

Side note: I was getting fed up with the IDES Illinois website. It seemed like the last time they updated it was the mid-nineties. It shouldn’t be a “life hack” but sadly it is. The IDES as well as many other national federal programs post multiple times a day! They do so on the social media platform, Twitter, not on their website. Again, this may just be IDES Illinois but it is my guess that all federal programs and persons we are trying to get information from are posting either on Twitter or government-approved websites like or Everything from the CEOs of PlayStation to unemployment insurance and PUA protocols in any given state have admins posting updates daily on twitter.

So, if you’re staying off of social platforms you may want to reconsider creating a Twitter account just to follow the influences and programs that currently control your income and or life.

If you are looking for a website and it does not end in .gov or has a complicated name it is not the source site. All government programs are simple and easy to understand. If it sounds simple like or it’s because it is that simple. They are the only White House official website and the only IRS official website. I use those two websites along with IDES’s Twitter feed to keep up with news on payment and job postings. If it comes from the government directly then it suggests truth only. At least until all the rules change again and again. I don’t blame the websites I blame the people in charge confusing the hell out of everyone for that.

President Biden Announces American Rescue Plan


Emergency Legislative Package to Fund Vaccinations, Provide Immediate, Direct Relief to Families Bearing the Brunt of the COVID-19 Crisis, and Support Struggling Communities

The COVID-19 pandemic and the corresponding economic crisis are devastating families across the country. More than 20 million Americans have contracted COVID-19, and at least 370,000 have died. From big cities to small towns, too many Americans are barely scraping by, or not scraping by at all. And the pandemic has shined a light on the persistence of racial injustice in our healthcare system and our economy. The need to act is clear in the lines at food banks, the small businesses that are closed or closing, and the growing number of Americans experiencing housing insecurity. After nearly a year of the public health crisis, our nation remains in this dark winter of the pandemic and facing a deep economic crisis.

President Biden is laying out the first step of an aggressive, two-step plan for rescue, from the depths of this crisis, and recovery, by investing in America, creating millions of additional good-paying jobs, combatting the climate crisis, advancing racial equity, and building back better than before.

While Congress’s bipartisan action in December was a step in the right direction, it was only a down payment. It fell far short of the resources needed to tackle the immediate crisis. We are in a race against time, and absent additional government assistance, the economic and public health crises could worsen in the months ahead; schools will not be able to safely reopen; and vaccinations will remain far too slow.

As last month’s jobs report underscored, the virus and our economy are intertwined. We cannot rescue our economy without containing this virus.

Today, President Biden is announcing the American Rescue Plan to change the course of the pandemic, build a bridge towards economic recovery, and invest in racial justice. The American Rescue Plan will address the stark, intergenerational inequities that have worsened in the wake of COVID-19. Researchers at Columbia University estimate that these proposals will cut child poverty in half.

Specifically, President Biden’s American Rescue Plan will:

  • Mount a national vaccination program, contain COVID-19, and safely reopen schools, including by setting up community vaccination sites nationwide, scaling up testing and tracing, eliminating supply shortage problems, investing in high-quality treatments, providing paid sick leave to contain spread of the virus, addressing health disparities, and making the necessary investments to meet the president’s goal of safely reopening a majority of K-8 schools in the first 100 days.
  • Deliver immediate relief to working families bearing the brunt of this crisis bysending $1,400 per-person checks to households across America, providing direct housing and nutrition assistance, expanding access to safe and reliable childcare and affordable healthcare, increasing the minimum wage, extending unemployment insurance, and giving families with kids and childless workers an emergency boost this year.
  • Support communities that are struggling in the wake of COVID-19 by providing support for the hardest-hit small businesses, especially small businesses owned by entrepreneurs of color, and protecting the jobs of the first responders, transit workers, and other essential workers we depend on.

In addition to addressing the public health and economic crises head on, the President’s plan will provide emergency funding to upgrade federal information technology infrastructure and address the recent breaches of federal government data systems. This is an urgent national security issue that cannot wait.

President Biden’s $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan is ambitious, but achievable, and will rescue the American economy and start beating the virus. Congress should act expeditiously to help working families, communities, and small businesses persevere through the pandemic.

This legislative package is needed now to address the immediate crises. In the coming weeks, President Biden will lay out his economic recovery plan to invest in America, create millions of additional good-paying jobs, combat the climate crisis, and build back better than before.

Mount a national vaccination program, contain COVID-19, and safely reopen schools

The pandemic is raging, with record highinfection and death rates. A new strain of the virus that is even more contagious is appearing in communities across the country. Meanwhile, Americans are waiting to get their vaccines, even while doses are sitting on shelves. More than ten months into the pandemic, we still lack necessary testing capacity and are suffering from shortages of supplies like basic protective equipment for those on the front lines. Americans of color are being infected and are dying from COVID-19 at greater rates because of lasting systemic racism in our health care system. And, older Americans continue to suffer at disproportionate rates.

We can’t wait to slow the spread of this virus. And, we can’t fight this pandemic in fits and starts. President Biden is putting forward a comprehensive plan to deal with this crisis and launch a whole-of-government COVID-19 response plan that will change the course of the pandemic by ensuring we have necessary supplies and protective gear, increasing testing to mitigate spread, vaccinating the US population, safely reopening schools, and addressing COVID-19 health disparities.

To support this plan, President Biden is calling on Congress to provide the $160 billion in funding necessary to save American lives and execute on his plan to mount a national vaccination program, expand testing, mobilize a public health jobs program, and take other necessary steps to build capacity to fight the virus. He is also calling on Congress to ensure our schools have everything they need to safely reopen and to provide emergency paid leave so people can stay home when needed to help contain the spread of the virus. Altogether, this would put over $400 billion toward these critical measures for addressing COVID-19.

President Biden’s rescue proposal will:

Mount a national vaccination program. Current vaccination efforts are not sufficient to quickly and equitably vaccinate the vast majority of the U.S. population. We must ensure that those on the ground have what they need to get vaccinations into people’s arms. The president’s proposal will invest $20 billion in a national vaccination program in partnership with states, localities, Tribes and territories. This will include launching community vaccination centers around the country and deploying mobile vaccination units to hard-to-reach areas. The Biden Administration will take action to ensure all people in the United States–regardless of their immigration status–can access the vaccine free-of-charge and without cost-sharing. To help states ensure that all Medicaid enrollees will be vaccinated, President Biden will also work with Congress to expand the Federal Medicaid Assistance Percentage (FMAP) to 100% for the administration of vaccines.

Scale up testing to stop the spread of COVID, safely reopen schools, and protect at-risk populations. While we are working to vaccinate the population, we need to focus on what we know works. Testing is a critical strategy for controlling the spread of COVID-19, yet the U.S. is still not using it effectively. Despite innovations to improve testing, tests are still not widely available. The president’s plan invests $50 billion in a massive expansion of testing, providing funds for the purchase of rapid tests, investments to expand lab capacity, and support to help schools and local governments implement regular testing protocols. Expanded testing will ensure that schools can implement regular testing to support safe reopening; that vulnerable settings like prisons and long-term care facilities can regularly test their populations; and that any American can get a test for free when they need one.

Mobilize a public health jobs program to support COVID-19 response. The president’s plan includes an historic investment in expanding the public health workforce. This proposal will fund 100,000 public health workers, nearly tripling the country’s community health roles. These individuals will be hired to work in their local communities to perform vital tasks like vaccine outreach and contact tracing in the near term, and to transition into community health roles to build our long-term public health capacity that will help improve quality of care and reduce hospitalization for low-income and underserved communities.

Address health disparities and COVID-19. While COVID-19 has devastated the entire country, it has hit some groups and communities of color much harder than others. President Biden is committed to addressing the disparities evident in the pandemic at every step, from ensuring equitable distribution of vaccines and supplies to expanding health care services for underserved communities. His proposal includes funding to provide health services for underserved populations, including expanding Community Health Centers and investing in health services on tribal lands. These funds will support the expansion of COVID treatment and care, as well as our ability to provide vaccination to underserved populations.

Protect vulnerable populations in congregate settings. Long-term care residents and workers account for almost 40% of all U.S. COVID-19 deaths. Further, African-American and Latina women, who have borne the brunt of the pandemic, are overrepresented among long-term care workers. The president’s proposal provides critical funding for states to deploy strike teams to long-term care facilities experiencing COVID-19 outbreaks–which may impede vaccination of residents and workers–and to conduct better infection control oversight.

1 in 5 state and federal prisoners in the U.S. has had COVID-19, and African Americans and Latinos are overrepresented among incarcerated individuals. The proposal also supports COVID-19 safety in federal, state, and local prisons, jails, and detention centers by providing funding for COVID-19 mitigation strategies, including supplies and physical distancing; safe re-entry for the formerly incarcerated; and the vaccination of both incarcerated people and staff.

Identify and address emerging strains of COVID-19. The identification of new strains of SARS-CoV-2 in the United Kingdom and South Africa highlight a key vulnerability in our nation’s COVID response: we simply do not have the kind of robust surveillance capabilities that we need to track outbreaks and mutations. Tracking the way the virus is changing and moving through the population is essential to understanding outbreaks, generating treatments and vaccines, and controlling the pandemic. The president’s proposal includes funding to dramatically increase our country’s sequencing, surveillance, and outbreak analytics capacity at the levels demanded by the crisis.

Provide emergency relief and purchase critical supplies and deploy National Guard. Persistent supply shortages – from gloves and masks to glass vials and test reagents – are inhibiting our ability to provide testing and vaccination and putting frontline workers at risk. The president’s plan will invest $30 billion into the Disaster Relief Fund to ensure sufficient supplies and protective gear, and to provide 100% federal reimbursement for critical emergency response resources to states, local governments, and Tribes, including deployment of the National Guard. The president will call for an additional $10 billion investment in expanding domestic manufacturing for pandemic supplies. These funds will support President Biden in fulfilling his commitment to fully use the Defense Production Act and to safeguard the country by producing more pandemic supplies in the U.S.

Invest in treatments for COVID-19. Months into this pandemic, we still do not have reliable and accessible treatments. The federal government urgently needs to invest to support development, manufacturing, and purchase of therapies to ensure wide availability and affordability of effective treatments, as well as invest in studies of the long-term health impacts of COVID-19 and potential therapies to address them.

Protect workers against COVID-19. Millions of Americans, many of whom are people of color, immigrants, and low-wage workers, continue to put their lives on the line to keep the country functioning through the pandemic. They should not have to lie awake at night wondering if they’ll make it home from work safely the next day, or if they’ll bring home the virus to their loved ones and communities. The president is calling on Congress to authorize the Occupational Safety and Health Administration to issue a COVID-19 Protection Standard that covers a broad set of workers, so that workers not typically covered by OSHA, like many public workers on the frontlines, also receive protection from unsafe working conditions and retaliation. And, President Biden is calling on Congress to provide additional funding for OSHA enforcement and grant funding, including for the Susan Harwood grant program, for organizations to help keep vulnerable workers healthy and safe from COVID-19. These steps will help keep more workers healthy, reopen more businesses safely, and beat the virus.

Restore U.S. leadership globally and build better preparedness. Protecting the United States from COVID-19 requires a global response, and the pandemic is a grave reminder that biological threats can pose catastrophic consequences to the United States and the world. The president’s plan will provide $11 billion including to support to the international health and humanitarian response; mitigate the pandemic’s devastating impact on global health, food security, and gender-based violence; support international efforts to develop and distribute medical countermeasures for COVID-19; and build the capacity required to fight COVID-19, its variants, and emerging biological threats.

Provide schools the resources they need to reopen safely. A critical plank of President Biden’s COVID-19 plan is to safely reopen schools as soon as possible – so kids and educators can get back in class and parents can go back to work. This will require immediate, urgent action by Congress. The COVID-19 pandemic created unprecedented challenges for K-12 schools and institutions of higher education, and the students and parents they serve. School closures have disproportionately impacted the learning of Black and Hispanic students, as well as students with disabilities and English language learners. While the December down payment for schools and higher education institutions was a start, it is not sufficient to address the crisis. President Biden is calling on Congress to provide $170 billion — supplemented by additional state and local relief resources — for K-12 schools and institutions of higher education. These resources will help schools serve all students, no matter where they are learning, and help achieve President Biden’s goal to open the majority of K-8 schools within the first 100 days of his Administration. 

  • Provide $130 billion to help schools to safely reopen. Schools need flexible resources to safely reopen and operate and/or facilitate remote learning. The president’s plan will provide $130 billion to support schools in safely reopening. These funds can be used to reduce class sizes and modify spaces so students and teachers can socially distance; improve ventilation; hire more janitors and implement mitigation measures; provide personal protective equipment; ensure every school has access to a nurse; increase transportation capacity to facilitate social distancing on the bus; hire counselors to support students as they transition back to the classroom; close the digital divide that is exacerbating inequities during the pandemic; provide summer school or other support for students that will help make up lost learning time this year; create and expand community schools; and cover other costs needed to support safely reopening and support students. These funds will also include provisions to ensure states adequately fund education and protect students in low-income communities that have been hardest hit by COVID-19. Districts must ensure that funds are used to not only reopen schools, but also to meet students’ academic, mental health and social, and emotional needs in response to COVID-19, (e.g. through extended learning time, tutoring, and counselors), wherever they are learning. Funding can be used to prevent cuts to state pre-k programs. A portion of funding will be reserved for a COVID-19 Educational Equity Challenge Grant, which will support state, local and tribal governments in partnering with teachers, parents, and other stakeholders to advance equity- and evidence-based policies to respond to COVID-related educational challenges and give all students the support they need to succeed. In addition to this funding, schools will be able to access FEMA Disaster Relief Fund resources to get reimbursed for certain COVID-19 related expenses and will receive support to implement regular testing protocols.
  • Expand the Higher Education Emergency Relief Fund. The president’s plan will ensure colleges have critical resources to implement public health protocols, execute distance learning plans, and provide emergency grants to students in need. This $35 billion in funding will be directed to public institutions, including community colleges, as well as, public and private Historically Black Colleges and Universities and other Minority Serving Institutions. This funding will provide millions of students up to an additional $1,700 in financial assistance from their college.
  • Hardest Hit Education Fund. Provide $5 billion in funds for governors to use to support educational programs and the learning needs of students significantly impacted by COVID-19, whether K-12, higher education, or early childhood education programs.

Provide emergency paid leave to 106 million more Americans to reduce the spread of the virus. No American should have to choose between putting food on the table and quarantining to prevent further spread of COVID-19. And yet, nearly 1 in 4 workers and close to half of low-income workers lack access to paid sick leave, disproportionately burdening Americans of color. Lack of paid leave is threatening the financial security of working families and increasing the risk of COVID-19 infections, hospitalizations, and deaths. Congress did the right thing last year when it created an emergency paid leave program through the Families First Coronavirus Response Act. That action decreased daily infections by 400 cases per state per day in states that previously had no paid sick leave requirement. While the December down payment extended the Families First employer tax credits through March 2021, it did not renew the requirement that employers provide leave. President Biden is calling on Congress to:

  • Put the requirement back in place and eliminate exemptions for employers with more than 500 and less than 50 employees. He will also make it clear that healthcare workers and first responders get these benefits, too. Closing these loopholes in the Families First Coronavirus Response Act will extend emergency paid leave to up to 106 million additional workers.
  • Provide expanded paid sick and family and medical leave. The president will provide over 14 weeks of paid sick and family and medical leave to help parents with additional caregiving responsibilities when a child or loved one’s school or care center is closed; for people who have or are caring for people with COVID-19 symptoms, or who are quarantining due to exposure; and for people needing to take time to get the vaccine.
  • Expand emergency paid leave to include federal workers. This measure will provide paid leave protections to approximately 2 million Americanswho work for the federal government.
  • Provide a maximum paid leave benefit of $1,400 per-week for eligible workers. This will provide full wage replacement to workers earning up to $73,000 annually, more than three-quarters of all workers.
  • Reimburse employers with less than 500 employees for the cost of this leave. Extending the refundable tax credit will reimburse employers for 100 percent of the cost of this leave.
  • Reimburse state and local government for the cost of this leave.
  • Extend emergency paid leave measures until September 30, 2021. With so much uncertainty surrounding the pandemic, extending paid leave until the end of September will help to limit the spread of COVID-19 and provide economic security to millions of working families.

Deliver Immediate, Direct Relief to Families Bearing the Brunt of the Crisis.

As a result of the COVID-19 crisis, millions of Americans are hurting through no fault of their own. More than 10 million Americans are unemployed, and 4 million have been out of work for half a year or longer. The jobs crisis is particularly severe in communities of color, where 1 in 10 Black workers and 1 in 11 Latino workers are unemployed. Large numbers of families are struggling to pay rent or their mortgages and put food on the table. And, last month, it only got worse: we lost 140,000 jobs in December, including 20,000 public educators, and nearly 400,000 jobs at restaurants and bars.

President Biden is calling on Congress to take urgent action to deliver immediate, direct relief to Americans bearing the brunt of this crisis. Altogether, this would devote about $1 trillion towards building a bridge to economic recovery for working families and, according to researchers at Columbia University, cut child poverty in half.

President Biden’s plan will:

Give working families a $1,400 per-person check to help pay their billsbringing their total relief payment from this and the December down payment to $2,000. More than 1 in 3 households — and half of Black and Latino households — are struggling to pay for usual household expenses like rent and groceries during the pandemic. In this crisis, working families need more than the $600 per person that Congress passed last year. President Biden is calling on Congress to increase that direct financial assistance to $2,000. An additional $1,400 per person in direct checks will help hard-hit households cover expenses, spend money at local businesses in their communities, and stimulate the economy. President Biden’s plan will also expand eligibility to adult dependents who have been left out of previous rounds of relief and all mixed status households. And, his plan will ensure that the Treasury Department has the flexibility and resources it needs to deliver stimulus checks to the families that need them most, including the millions of families that still haven’t received the $1,200 checks they are entitled to under the CARES Act.

Extend and expand unemployment insurance benefits so American workers can pay their bills. Around 18 millionAmericans rely on the unemployment insurance program. Congress did the right thing by continuing expanded eligibility and extending the number of weeks unemployed workers can receive benefits. One study estimates that extending pandemic unemployment insurance programs through 2021 could create or save over five million jobs. But these benefits are set to expire in weeks — even as the COVID-19 pandemic worsens. Millions of Americans are receiving benefits through unemployment insurance programs that will no longer serve new beneficiaries starting in mid-March.

President Biden is calling on Congress to extend these and other programs, providing millions of hard-hit workers with the financial security and peace of mind they need and deserve. And, he believes Congress should provide a $400 per-week unemployment insurance supplement to help hard-hit workers cover household expenses. The president is committed to providing these emergency supports to families for as long as the COVID-19 crisis continues and employment opportunities remain limited. The president is proposing to extend these emergency unemployment insurance programs through September 2021, and will work with Congress on ways to automatically adjust the length and amount of relief depending on health and economic conditions so future legislative delay doesn’t undermine the recovery and families’ access to benefits they need.

President Biden’s plan will:

  • Extend financial assistance for workers who have exhausted their regular unemployment compensation benefits. Extending and increasing the additional weeks provided under the emergency unemployment insurance program will ensure that approximately 5 million Americans continue to receive assistance in the months ahead.
  • Extend financial assistance for unemployed workers who do not typically qualify for unemployment compensation benefits. The president believes Congress should extend unemployment support for self-employed workers, like ride-share drivers and many grocery delivery workers, who do not typically qualify for regular unemployment compensation. And, he supports increasing the number of weeks these workers can receive the benefit to provide long-term financial security to the program’s approximately 8 million beneficiaries.
  • Fully fund states’ short-time compensation programs and additional weeks of benefits. Short-time compensation programs, also known as work sharing, help small businesses stay afloat and economically vulnerable workers make ends meet by enabling workers to stay on the job at reduced hours, while making up the difference in pay. These programs avoid layoffs and pave the way for rapid rehiring and an accelerated recovery.

Help struggling households keep a roof over their heads. The economic fallout of COVID-19 has made it more difficult for working families, especially families of color, to cover their housing expenses. Across the country, 1 in 5 renters and 1 in 10 homeowners with a mortgage are behind on payments. Congress took an important step in the right direction by securing $25 billion in rental assistance and extending the federal eviction moratorium until January 31. However, American families already owe $25 billion in back rent, and the threat of widespread evictions will still exist at the end of January. Further, more than 10 million homeowners have fallen behind on mortgage payments. Failing to take additional action will lead to a wave of evictions and foreclosures in the coming months, overwhelming emergency shelter capacity and increasing the likelihood of COVID-19 infections. And Americans of color, who have on average a fraction of the wealth available to white families, face higher risks of eviction and housing loss without critical assistance.

President Biden is calling on Congress to take immediate action to forestall a coming wave of COVID-related evictions and foreclosures.

  • Ensure that families hit hard by the economic crisis won’t face eviction or foreclosure. The president is calling on Congress to extend the eviction and foreclosure moratoriums and continue applications for forbearance on federally-guaranteed mortgages until September 30, 2021. These measures will prevent untold economic hardship for homeowners, while limiting the spread of COVID-19 in our communities. The president is also calling on Congress to provide funds for legal assistance for households facing eviction or foreclosure.
  • Help renters and small landlords make ends meet by providing an additional $30 billion in rental and critical energy and water assistance for hard-hit individuals and families. While the $25 billion allocated by Congress was an important down payment on the back rent accrued during this crisis, it is insufficient to meet the scale of the need. That’s why President Biden is proposing an additional $25 billion in rental assistance to provide much-needed rental relief, especially for low- and moderate-income households who have lost jobs or are out of the labor market. The president is also proposing $5 billion to cover home energy and water costs and arrears through programs like the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program, for struggling renters. These funds will ensure that the hardest-hit renters and small landlords, including those in disadvantaged communities that have suffered disproportionately in terms of pollution and other environmental harms, aren’t put in the position where they can’t cover their own housing expenses. This program includes a competitive set-aside of funding for states to invest in clean energy and energy efficiency projects that reduce electricity bills for families in disadvantaged communities.
  • Deliver $5 billion in emergency assistance to help secure housing for people experiencing or at risk of homelessness. This funding will allow states and localities to help approximately 200,000 individuals and families obtain stable housing, while providing a downpayment on the president’s comprehensive approach to ending homelesness and making housing a right for all Americans. Specifically, these funds will provide flexibility for both congregate and non-congregate housing options, help jurisdictions purchase and convert hotels and motels into permanent housing, and give homeless services providers the resources they need to hire and retain staff, maintain outreach programs, and provide essential services.

Address the growing hunger crisis in America. About 1 in 7 households nationwide, including more than 1 in 5Black and Latino households and many Asian American and Pacific Islander households, are struggling to secure the food they need. While the December down payment provided $13 billion to strengthen and expand federal nutrition programs, it will not solve the hunger crisis in America. President Biden is calling on Congress to ensure all Americans, regardless of background, have access to healthy, affordable groceries. The president’s plan will:

  • Extend the 15 percent Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefit increase. Maintaining the increase through the summer – when childhood hunger spikes due to a lack of school meals – is a critical backstop against rising food insecurity. This change will help keep hunger at bay for around 40 million Americans. The president is calling for this to be extended through September 2021. He is also committed to providing this boost for as long as the COVID-19 crisis continues, and will work with Congress on ways to automatically adjust the length and amount of relief depending on health and economic conditions so future legislative delay doesn’t undermine the recovery and families’ access to benefits they need.
  • Invest $3 billion to help women, infants and children get the food they need. This multi-year investment in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is needed to account for increased enrollment due to growing hunger and to increase outreach to ensure that low-income families have access to high-quality nutritious food and nutrition education.
  • Partner with restaurants to feed American families and keep restaurant workers on the job at the same time. The FEMA Empowering Essential Deliveries (FEED) Actwill leverage the resources and expertise of the restaurant industry to help get food to families who need it, and help get laid-off restaurant workers across the country back on the job.
  • Support SNAP by temporarily cutting the state match. The president is calling for a one time emergency infusion of administrative support for state anti-hunger and nutrition programs to ensure that benefits get to the kids and families that need it most.
  • Provide U.S. Territories with $1 billion in additional nutrition assistance for their residents. Bolstering the Nutrition Assistance Program block grant will help thousands of working families in Puerto Rico, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands put food on the table for the duration of the pandemic.

Raise the minimum wage to $15 per hour. Throughout the pandemic, millions of American workers have put their lives on the line to keep their communities and country functioning, including the 40 percent of frontline workers who are people of color. As President Biden has said, let’s not just praise them, let’s pay them. Hard working Americans deserve sufficient wages to put food on the table and keep a roof over their heads, without having to keep multiple jobs. But millions of working families are struggling to get by. This is why the president is calling on Congress to raise the minimum wage to $15 per hour, and end the tipped minimum wage and sub-minimum wage for people with disabilities so that workers across the country can live a middle class life and provide opportunity for their families.

Call on employers to meet their obligations to frontline essential workers and provide back hazard pay. Essential workers — who are disproportionately Black, Latino, and Asian American and Pacific Islander– have risked their lives to stock shelves, harvest crops, and care for the sick during this crisis. They have kept the country running even during the darkest days of the pandemic. A number of large employers, especially in the retail and grocery sectors, have seen bumper profitability in 2020 and yet done little or nothing at all to compensate their workers for the risks they took. The president believes these employers have a duty to do right by their frontline essential workers and acknowledge their sacrifices with generous back hazard pay for the risks they took across 2020 and up to today. He and the Vice President will call on CEOs and other business leaders to take action to meet these obligations.

Expand access to high-quality, affordable child care. We are facing an acute, immediate child care crisis in America, which is exacerbating our economic crisis. Due to increased costs and lower enrollment, a recent survey of child care providers showed that most child care providers expect that they will close within a few months without relief or are uncertain how long they can stay open. If left unaddressed, many child care providers will close — some permanently — and millions of children could go without necessary care, and millions of parents could be left to make devastating choices this winter between caring for their children and working to put food on the table. Early childcare providers are almost entirely women, among whom 40 percent are people of color, and so these closures could devastate engines of opportunity for minority- and women-owned businesses. President Biden is calling on Congress to take immediate actions to address this crisis by helping child care centers reopen and remain open safely, and by making that care affordable to families who need it.

In addition, too many families are unable to afford child care, while early educators earn wages so low that they can’t support their own families. This challenge existed before COVID-19, and the pandemic has exacerbated it. President Biden is calling on Congress to ease the financial burden of care for families, expand financial support for child care providers so that this critical sector can stay afloat during the pandemic and beyond, and make critical investments to improve wages and benefits for the essential child care sector. President Biden’s plan will:

  • Help hard-hit child care providers, including family child care homes, cover their costs and operate safely by creating a $25 billion emergency stabilization fund. This Emergency Stabilization Fund will help hard-hit child care providers that are in danger of closing and provide support to nearly half of all child care providers. It will also assist those that have had to shut down meet their financial obligations during the pandemic, so that they can reopen. It will help providers pay for rent, utilities, and payroll, as well as increased costs associated with the pandemic including personal protective equipment, ventilation supplies, smaller group sizes, and modifications to make the physical environment safer for children and workers.
  • Expand child care assistance to help millions of families and help parents return to work. Millions of parents are risking their lives as essential workers, while at the same time struggling to obtain care for their children. Others have become 24/7 caregivers while simultaneously working remotely. Still more are unemployed, caring for their children full-time, and worrying about how they will make ends meet or afford child care when they do find a job. And, the limited access to child care during the pandemic has caused more women to leave the workforce. While the December down payment provides $10 billion in funding through the Child Care and Development Block Grant program, the president’s proposal expands this investment with an additional $15 billion in funding, including for those who experienced a job interruption during the COVID-19 pandemic and are struggling to afford child care. This additional assistance with child care costs will help the disproportionate number of women who left the labor force to take on caregiving duties reenter the workforce. And, this expanded investment will also help rebuild the supply of child care providers, and encourage states to take meaningful steps towards increasing the pay and benefits of child care workers.
  • Increase tax credits to help cover the cost of childcare. To help address the childcare affordability crisis, President Biden is calling on Congress to expand child care tax credits on an emergency basis for one year to help working families cover the cost of childcare. Families will get back as a tax credit as much as half of their spending on child care for children under age 13, so that they can receive a total of up to $4,000 for one child or $8,000 for two or more children. The tax credit will be refundable, meaning that families who don’t owe a lot in taxes will still benefit. The full 50 percent reimbursement will be available to families making less than $125,000 a year. And, all families making between $125,000 and $400,000 will receive a partial credit so they receive benefits at least as generous as those they can receive today.

Bolster financial security for families and essential workers in the midst of the pandemic. The lowest income families are particularly vulnerable in the midst of the pandemic, and President Biden is calling for one year expansions of key supports for families on an emergency basis. The Child Tax Credit should be made fully refundable for the year. Currently, 27 million childrenlive in families with household incomes low enough that they didn’t qualify for the full value of the Child Tax Credit, and this measure would give these children and their families additional needed resources. The president is also calling to increase the credit to $3,000 per child ($3,600 for a child under age 6) and make 17 year-olds qualifying children for the year.

He is also calling for an expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit for the year to ensure that the lowest income workers get critical support including millions of essential workers. He is proposing to raise the maximum Earned Income Tax Credit for childless adults from roughly $530 to close to $1,500, raise the income limit for the credit from about $16,000 to about $21,000, and expand the age range that is eligible including by eliminating the age cap for older workers and expanding eligibility for younger workers so that they can claim the credit they deserve. Expanding the Earned Income Tax Credit for childless adults would give a needed boost to the earnings of several million workers, including cashiers, home health aides, delivery people, and other people working in essential occupations. The president  also is committed to making sure that Americans who see their earnings fall in 2021 due to the pandemic don’t see the Earned Income Tax Credit reduced as a result.

Lastly, the president is calling for an additional $1 billion for states to cover the additional cash assistance that Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) recipients needed as a result of the pandemic crisis. The pandemic has led to increased TANF caseloads, generated higher costs for many TANF recipients – from higher utility costs to the need for internet access for remote schooling – and longer periods of joblessness given high unemployment. These funds will provide sorely needed relief.

Preserving and expanding health coverage. Roughly two to three million people lost employer sponsored health insurance between March and September, and even families who have maintained coverage may struggle to pay premiums and afford care. Further, going into this crisis, 30 million people were without coverage, limiting their access to the health care system in the middle of a pandemic. To ensure access to health coverage,President Biden is calling on Congress to subsidize continuation health coverage (COBRA) through the end of September. He is also asking Congress to expand and increase the value of the Premium Tax Credit to lower or eliminate health insurance premiums and ensure enrollees – including those who never had coverage through their jobs – will not pay more than 8.5 percent of their income for coverage. Together, these policies would reduce premiums for more than ten million people and reduce the ranks of the uninsured by millions more.

Expanding access to behavioral health services. The pandemic has made access to mental health and substance use disorder services more essential than ever. The president is calling on Congress to appropriate $4 billion to enable the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration and the Health Resources and Services Administration to expand access to these vital services.

Ensure adequate funding for veterans’ health. COVID-19 has put enormous pressure on America’s veterans and on the Veterans Health Administration that is charged with providing and facilitating top-notch care for them. The president is committed to ensuring America delivers on its promise to the people who have served our country. To account for increased usage as many veterans have lost access to private health insurance, higher overall costs, and other pandemic-related impacts, the president is immediately requesting an additional $20 billion to make sure that veterans’ health care needs can be met through this crisis.

Combat increased risk of gender-based violence. The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated domestic violence and sexual assault, creating a “shadow pandemic” for many women and girls who are largely confined to their home with their abuser and facing economic insecurity that makes escape more difficult. President Biden is calling for at least $800 million in supplemental funding for key federal programs that protect survivors. 

Provide Critical Support to Struggling Communities.

COVID-19 and the resulting economic crisis has devastated communities across the country. Schools remain closed, with students struggling with remote learning and parents – 1.6 million mothers this fall – leaving the workforce. Small businesses, the backbones of their communities that employ nearly half of American workers, are unable to keep their doors open. And, some state and local essential workers are seeing their wages reduced or their jobs disappear. President Biden is calling on Congress to send a lifeline to small businesses; protect educators, public transit workers, and first responders from lay-offs; and keep critical services running at full strength. Altogether, his plan would provide approximately $440 billion in critical support to struggling communities. This is in addition to funds that President Biden is requesting for safely reopening schools throughout the country.

President Biden’s plan will:

Provide small businesses with the funding they need to reopen and rebuild. Small businesses sustain half of the private sector jobs in America, and they have struggled in the wake of COVID-19. Black- and Brown-owned small businesses, and those in hard-hit industries like restaurants, hotels, and the arts, have suffered disproportionately. Nationally, small business revenue is down 32 percent, and at least 400,000 firms have permanently closed. To help hard-hit firms survive the pandemic and fully recover, President Biden is calling on Congress to:

  • Provide grants to more than 1 million of the hardest hit small businesses. This $15 billion in flexible, equitably distributed grants will help small businesses get back on their feet, put the current disaster behind them, and build back better.
  • Leverage $35 billion in government funds into $175 billion in additional small business lending and investment. With a $35 billion investment in successful state, local, tribal, and non-profit small business financing programs, Congress can generate as much as $175 billion in low-interest loans and venture capital to help entrepreneurs — including those in the clean energy sector — innovate, create and maintain jobs, build wealth, and provide the essential goods and services that communities depend on.

In addition, the president wants to work with Congress to make sure that restaurants, bars, and other businesses that have suffered disproportionately have sufficient support to bridge to the recovery, including through the Community Credit Corporation at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).

Provide support for first responders and other essential workers. Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, first responders, frontline public health workers, and countless other essential workers have risked their lives to keep our communities safe and functioning. Educators have worked tirelessly to keep our children learning and growing, coming up with new ways to reach and engage their students, often while balancing caring for their own children. Without these front line workers, we will not be able to effectively respond to the pandemic, administer the vaccine, or safely reopen our schools. President Biden is calling on Congress to provide $350 billion in emergency funding for state, local, and territorial governments to ensure that they are in a position to keep front line public workers on the job and paid, while also effectively distributing the vaccine, scaling testing, reopening schools, and maintaining other vital services. The president is also calling on Congress to allocate $3 billion of this funding to the Economic Development Administration (EDA). Grants from EDA provide resources directly to state and local government entities, tribal institutions, institutions of higher education, and non-profits to fund initiatives that support bottom’s up economic development and enable good-paying jobs. This funding – double the amount provided by the CARES Act – will support communities nationwide with a broad range of financial needs as they respond to and recover from COVID-19.

Protect the future of public transit. Safe and dependable public transit systems are critical for a robust and equitable economy recovery. The president is calling for $20 billion in relief for the hardest hit public transit agencies. This relief will keep agencies from laying off transit workers and cutting the routes that essential workers rely on every day while making these transit systems more resilient and ensuring that communities of color maintain the access to opportunity that public transportation provides.

Support Tribal governments’ response to COVID-19. COVID-19 has exacted an especially high toll in Indian Country. People living on reservations are four times more likely to have COVID-19 and American Indian and Alaska Natives are nearly twiceas likely to die from COVID-19 than white Americans. While the December down payment had many beneficial provisions, it included little direct funding to help Tribal governments respond to COVID-19. President Biden is calling on Congress to give Tribes the resources they need to obtain sufficient personal protective equipment, increase access to clean water and electricity, and expand internet access so that children can learn remotely and more families can obtain basic health care through telemedicine. President Biden’s plan would invest $20 billion in Indian Country to support Tribal governments’ response to the pandemic.These resources will help to reduce stark and persistent inequities in COVID-19 transmission, hospitalization, and death, while improving economic conditions and opportunity.

Modernize federal information technology to protect against future cyber attacks.

In addition to the COVID-19 crisis, we also face a crisis when it comes to the nation’s cybersecurity. The recent cybersecurity breaches of federal government data systems underscore the importance and urgency of strengthening U.S. cybersecurity capabilities. President Biden is calling on Congress to launch the most ambitious effort ever to modernize and secure federal IT and networks. To remediate the SolarWinds breach and boost U.S. defenses, including of the COVID-19 vaccine process, President Biden is calling on Congress to:

  • Expand and improve the Technology Modernization Fund. A $9 billion investment will help the U.S. launch major new IT and cybersecurity shared services at the Cyber Security and Information Security Agency (CISA) and the General Services Administration and complete modernization projects at federal agencies. In addition, the president is calling on Congress to change the fund’s reimbursement structure in order to fund more innovative and impactful projects.
  • Surge cybersecurity technology and engineering expert hiring. Providing the Information Technology Oversight and Reform fund with $200 million will allow for the rapid hiring of hundreds of experts to support the federal Chief Information Security Officer and U.S. Digital Service.
  • Build shared, secure services to drive transformational projects. Investing $300 million in no-year funding for Technology Transformation Services in the General Services Administration will drive secure IT projects forward without the need of reimbursement from agencies.
  • Improving security monitoring and incident response activities. An additional $690M for CISA will bolster cybersecurity across federal civilian networks, and support the piloting of new shared security and cloud computing services.
For Gertrude; Our Last Day

For Gertrude; Our Last Day

My journey with Gertrude hasn’t been easy. It’s been one of the most difficult and biggest life changing experiences of my life.

When I picked her up from a transport rescue who had traveled to Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas I had no idea what I was in for. Her need for a foster seemed so desperate. 

Gertrude tested positive for heartworm the day I got her. She immediately saw the doctor the following Wednesday (three days later ) where she was diagnosed as terminal. The worms had been inside her heart for too long, and killing them would kill her. Her heart and liver were enlarged and she was diagnosed grave or terminal. She had such a heavy worm burden they warned me she could drop dead at any second. 

The rescue made it my choice to either foster her until death (one to three weeks). Since she was in discomfort my other option was to euthanize her that week. I chose euthanasia.

They scheduled to euthanize Gertrude a few days later. In those few days, I realized so much from her. Just because she was dying doesn’t mean she is dead. 

I couldn’t put her down. I knew if I did it would be because I didn’t want an old, scared, dying, and untrained dog in my house. I’m a dog lover, it’s my civic duty to save all lives, even the terminally ill ones.

I decided I was going to cure Gertrude: if you think that’s how the story ends it doesn’t. it hasn’t ended yet: her appointment is tomorrow at 4:15 pm. I researched heartworm like a nerd in a library and tried many techniques. I reached out to everyone I could and every veterinarian I knew from work and all confirmed her grave diagnosis. 

When I finally accepted her fate, I decided; I wanted to keep her alive as long as I could. The problem is the terminal illness no matter how healthy she becomes is still terminal. Manifesting in her blood stream and heart the warm burden is too heavy and she is in extreme discomfort having her heart sacrificed to the worm burden. 

For weeks I have prepped her meals full of proteins and nutrients to put some weight on her and gave her cough tablets, supplements, and pumpkin seeds in hopes of “paralyze” any worms. For two, almost three weeks Gertrude did great. Her strength was up, she had slept off years of uncomfortable sleep, and she seemed less depressed. I sort of fell in love with her personality the more she showed me how much she wanted to be a dog. Her personality radiates strong even though she appears weak. She’s a survivor. First time playing with a ball Debating whether or not to trust the food I feed Her finding out there were so many toys she could eat Located the toy bin She’s in my spot 

She started moving from one side of the couch to where I sat. I couldn’t tell if she was trying to take over or if she was bored of her toy/blanket/fort 

Until she let me take a selfie. I realized she was shy, and she was just not sure she could trust meThat might’ve been one of the best days of both of our lives

I didn’t resent her for not trusting me. I don’t think I fully trusted her. I would sleep on the couch just to make sure she didn’t go to the bathroom (but she would inevitably do anyways when I was asleep) it wasn’t until my body gave up from exhaustion that I went to my room, a room she was not allowed in, and I slept and slept and slept some more. 

I realized all she wanted was to go into my room. It was something she’s never done and wasn’t allowed to do. I refused to let her come in and lay on my bed. I didn’t want potty accidents in that one area of my home. I would have continued to not let her have my boyfriend not caught this image of us while I was asleep. 

From That moment on we immediately trust each other. She never went potty in the forbidden room. To this moment she hasn’t. 

We still spend every second together. We don’t leave the bedroom and every hour is sleep hour. 

at this moment she can trust me I can trust her. 

Knowing when the right time to put her down and working in veterinarian feeling like I should know when the right time is one of the hardest emotional struggles I’ve ever faced. I woke up to her coughing and I laid there. At that moment I start crying as I realize there’s never a right time. There will never be a good time to put her down. S

o, the choice has been made because if I were her and I was suffering I would want her to put me down before I suffered anymore as long as I at least lived a happy life for a little bit.

I don’t want her to be in any more pain ever again. To die happy with me is what she would want, its what any dog would. Holding on to her past her expiration date only ruins any good that I had done. She’s had enough years of suffering. 

So here we spend our last night together and she rests peacefully. If people think that an old, used-up dog isn’t worth their time then they are missing out on a very eye-opening, emotional, and bittersweet event. Not one thing, no dog, no species, is worth nothing. We all deserve a good life. Even if it’s just for a little bit. 

I will forever hold this dog in my heart. She broke down a wall I had by showing me hers. Words can’t describe the immense sadness I feel. I hope everyone can learn from this experience. Life is short, trust is earned and it’s okay to talk about death. Death is a part of life. Old dogs know the best tricks and saying goodbye never feels good. It doesn’t feel good even though its right. Me being there for her during is as important as any other part of our adventure together. She can trust me until the very end. I’m going to miss my friend 

For Gertrude Advertisementsabout:blankREPORT THIS AD

Share this: byThe Taco TalkPosted inUncategorizedTags: euthanasia, goodbye, happiness, medicine, memory, nerves, saying goodbye, spirits, spiritual, wisdom, words

Published by The Taco Talk 

I cover a wide range of subjects not limited to any specific field but engaged mostly with Veterinary medicine, animal behaviour, sociology and psychology. I research a lot of science and technology, and even the sociology of artificial intelligence. The thoughts and questions concerning anything that might cross one’s mind- toilet thought.View more posts

Post navigation

Previous Post Previous post:
Music 🎶 Therapy

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Name *


 Notify me of new comments via email.

 Notify me of new posts via email.


Search for:

Follow Blog via Email

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 2 other followers

Email Address:

Follow Taco Art Therapy, Powered by your website at WordPress.comGet started

Today in History; The Perseverance Lands on Mars

Today in History; The Perseverance Lands on Mars


Today marks a significant day in future history books. The Perseverance NASAS latest robotic explorer safely landed on “the red planet” after a 300 million-mile voyage originating in Florida.

“Seven minutes of terror” are what information tabs are naming the brief time before the safe landing on Thursday at 3:55pm EST. The fiery atmospheric conditions upon an entry made for a nerve-racking landing; until the rover’s landing mechanism kicked in blasting eight retrorockets to slow and guide the robotic device to a proper landing space before using nylon cords to lower it onto the surface of the moon.

“Touchdown confirmed! Perseverance is safely on the surface of Mars, ready to begin seeking the signs of past life,” exclaimed NASA engineer Swati Mohan.


The Perseverance landing mechanism allowing the rover to go from thousands of miles an hour to a 1.7mph landing caused an 11-minute delay in transmission from Earth to Mars, meaning the rover landed all on its own, with no possible way a human could have helped.

First image of Mars

In California at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory; Mission Managers received the all-clear communication from Mars as well as the first pictures of the isolated, deserted texture of Mars and images of the terrain that appears to be uninhabitable by humans and is safe for our robotic explorer.

“This is a sign that NASA works, When we put our arms together and our hands together and our brains together, we can succeed. This is what NASA does and this is what we can do as a country.”

USA TODAY, JPL Chief Engineer, Rob Manning

Stay tuned for updates

Cheatsheet and life hacks; today’s helpful tips

Cheatsheet and life hacks; today’s helpful tips

The following are random but helpful cheat sheet and tips. I have them printed out in case I need references. We think we will remember things but we do not. We need to repeat something multiple times to remember it. I do this often so I’m putting today’s date since the definitive change as I add and learn more.

Or to cheat at life

Tuesday February 16, 2021

Ways To Say I LOVE YOU

Credit: Elbuzz

  • I love you truly, madly, deeply.
  • Take me, I’m yours.
  • XOXO
  • You rock my world.
  • I adore you.
  • I’m blinded by your beauty.
  • I am lost without you.
  • I fancy the pants off you.
  • You own my heart.
  • I want a lifetime with you.
  • I dreamt of a love like this.
  • I finally understand the meaning of love songs.
  • I love you more than chocolate.
  • Our love is epic.
  • Me & you, together forever
  • I will always share the remote.
  • I’m nuts about you.
  • You are my perfect match.
  • I thought soul mates only existed in movies.
  • You’re the one for me.
  • You complete me.
  • My heart skips a beat every time I think of you.
  • I’m stuck on you.
  • I need your love.
  • You make me want to be a better person.
  • I am lovingly yours.
  • I’m head over heels for you.
  • You are the sprinkles on the best sundae.
  • I treasure you.
  • You are my best friend.
  • I ❤ U
  • I wanna hold your hand and never let go.
  • You make me whole.
  • I spell love Y.O.U.
  • You are my inspiration
  • I love every day I get to spend with you
  • I’m a fool for you.
  • I love your smile.
  • You are the love of my life.
  • You hold the key to my heart.
  • I wanna love you every day and every night.
  • I love you to pieces.
  • You are the best thing that ever happened to me.
  • I’m yours forever.
  • You make my knees go weak.
  • I love you endlessly.
  • You’re my sweet babboo.
100 Ways To Say I LOVE YOU

Other ways to start say things

Hang in laundry room

I always forget come summer how to measure myself before I shop

I have a ton of make up brushes and know nearly nothing except these are mandatory for getting ready

Or the contours of my face

And their application order

SEO checklist

On my fridge sadly

In a printed book for myself of all free resources

This inspired this article

Worth a shot

The best printed and above my laptop

Free certificates for some

Birth stones

Back to basics

It’s easier for me to point at what hurts. Even though I am thirty.

When sleep deprived I forget I am sleep deprived

Many others as well

These are just what I found helpful today. I’m always printing out cheat cheats and sticking them in the part of my home they belong. Let me know what your favorites are!

Odd Happenings

Odd Happenings

There is a photograph of Albert Einstein standing beside the most famous man in the world, who happened to be the great comedian Charlie Chaplin. In 1931, Einstein was touring Los Angeles, and a chance encounter at Universal Studios led to an invitation to attend the premiere of Chaplin’s new movie City Lights. Both men are dressed in tuxedos and smiling broadly. It’s astonishing to think that Einstein was the second-most-famous man in the world.

Two geniuses, one from the humor and the film and the other from science , their destinations together for dinner, when the opening of the movie Chaplin City Lights” (City Lights) in 1931. Chaplin was the one who invited the scientist and his wife Elsa in the great party, and genius accepted the invitation. –

Einstein’s visuals images began his journey to the Special Theory of Relativity, and for our purposes, that’s critically important. He himself was amazed when his purely mental work turned out to match how nature really works. But everything the theory predicted, including black holes and the slowing of time in the presence of large gravitational forces, has come true. Einstein realized that time, space, matter, and energy were interchangeable.

Nothing is permanent in this wicked world not even our troubles

Charlie Chaplin

The Pen Collector

The Pen Collector

The Pen Flip Overview

Wikipedia page for pens

You may be surprised to see this section in this blog. I love pens. I collect them, and it wasn’t until my boyfriends mom sold a ziplock bag of different pens she had from work on eBay, that, I realized they were something I should keep an eye on when thrifting to flip for profit. Keep an eye out for the following pens next time youre rummaging through the Salvation Army. You can get a bag of pens for a $2.45 at the thrift store and sell them individually or as a while on eBay for a lot more. It’s not massive profit but it’s a good way to get reviews and credibility.

And if you’re a pen collector yourself I recommend trying an online Japanese shop. They have the best, and cutest stationary.

the follow are the most rare expensive pens in the world


West Point Montblanc, Rose Gold Alpha Soft Touch, Montblanc- PIX Black Ballpoint pen, Drillbit Shaped Ballpoint pens, Alpha Soft Pen with Stylus, Matte Paragon Pen ,Mineral Alpha Soft Touch Stylus Pen, Sky Light Stylus Pen with Phone, Bright Soft Touch Diamond Stylus, Crown Jewel Stylus, Ballito Stylus Pen with Light up, Soft Touch Arlington Pen with Rose Gold, Mineral Alpha, Sakra Pigma Micron Pen, Fountain Pens, Custom USB pens

Googled Montblanc pens


Hay Bullet Pen, Bolt Action Pen Brass Schmidt, D007 Goldfinger – Limited edition, Feather Quill & Ink Wood Desk Set, The Thor Series Glass Dip Pen Gift Set with Inks, Bolt Action Pen -L- Brass Schmidt FineLiner 6040, Waterman Carene Rollerball Lacquer, Cross Classic Century Ballpoint Gold 18k Gold, Feather Pen, Montblanc Meisterstuck Le Petit Prince Solitaire Midsize Ballpoint, Soft Touch Accent Gel Pen with Colored Stylus, Aloha Bamboo Pens, Cross Townsend First Generation Lustrous Chrome, THE PRIME fountain pen solid platinum, Royale Excel Lighted Ballpoint pen, S.T Dupont Line D Windsor Fountain Pen Blue Medium, Mother-Of-Pearl & Abalone ballpoint pen, Speedball Calligraphy Pen and Ink set blck, Cross Classic Century Ballpoint pen and pencil set, PIGMA fine line, Kaweco mini fountain pen, Walnut & Black Leather Pen Stand, Parker Jotter Ballpoint pen, The Thor Series, Swarovski Crystalline Pen- Rose Gold, Cross Peerless Star Wars Found Pen Darth Vader Limited Edition, Visconti Rembrandt Blue Ballpoint Pen, Fisher Bullet Space Pen (Chrome), Lamy Safari Fountain Pen in Charcoal Black, Parker IM Fountain pen in Brushed Metal with Gold, Cross Aventura Fountain pen Black/Chrome, Woodsworth & Black Fountain Pen Set Gold, Zebra Sarasa Grand Gel Metal Pen, David Oscarson Diamon Seaside Fountain Pen, X Series Liberty United Rollerball Pen, Gargoyles and Dragons,

Shaeffer Calligraphy, Beiluner Luxury Fountain Pen, Mother of Pearl & Abalone Dual Pen Set,
Waterman Expert Ballpoint -blue-, Loiminchay Nine Dragons Solid Jade, Diamond Exectutive
Pen Set, Maple and Rosewood, Davi Atelier Glass Dip Pen Vintage Handemade Glass , Ultra Hotel Pen Factory, Squire Rollerball pen/charcoal, Bamboo, Pewter Pen Stand, Gunmental colored pens, Leather Wrapped Ballpoint, S.T. DUPONT, Cross Calais Satin chrome Ballpoint & Crimson, Cross Bailey Ballpoint Pen Medium Pt. 1.0mm chrome, ATECH Multifunction, and more….
Montblanc, Cross, Parker, Pilot, Waterman, National Pen, Montegrappa, Fountain, Parker, Thor Series, Speedball, Rolerball, Rose Gold, Cross Aventura, Cross Classic Century, Lamy Safari, Jinhao, Kuretake, Parker Duo Fold
Types of Pens
Fountain, Ballpoint, Rollerball, Medium Point, Fine Point, Gel, Calligraphy, Engraved
Expensive Pens Exist!
Tibaldi- Fulgor Nocturnus
Price tag of over 8 million US dollars, it is the most expensive pen in the entire world according to The pen has studs with 940 black diamonds and 123 rubies.


If the pen looks like it was used for calligraphy, it’s a good bet that its Montblanc and these pens range in a variety of prices. Scoop it.
Test the Pens first
Don’t Buy a pen thats scuffed or missing ink.

How can you tell if a pet store gets their pets from a puppy mill?

How can you tell if a pet store gets their pets from a puppy mill?

How to Identify puppy farmla dog breeders and backyard breeders.

“Puppy mills
are commercial breeding facilities that mass-produce dogs (and cats in cat mills) for sale through pet stores or directly to consumers through classified ads or the Internet. Roughly 90 percent of puppies in pet stores come from puppy mills.” – PAWS – resources puppy mills

PAWS › resources › puppy-mills

As horrible as puppy mills are, the ASPCA estimates that there are still more than 10,000 of them in the United States alone. If you want to make sure that your next puppy isn’t coming from a puppy mill, keep an eye out for the following ten signs:

  1. The puppies come from out-of-state – particularly Midwestern states like Missouri and Illinois.
  2. The puppy’s parents are not kept in the same facility, and you cannot see them before buying.
  3. The breeder wants to meet somewhere else if you request a visit to their facility.
  4. The facility offers several different breeds – reputable breeders focus on one or two species.
  5. The breeder has multiple litters available at the same time.
  6. Neither the parents nor the puppies have been appropriately vaccinated.
  7. The breeder makes extreme promises about the puppy’s size, temperament, or other quality.
  8. The puppies may smell like a kennel, and they are likely to have low coat quality.
  9. The breeder doesn’t ask you to fill out any kind of contract or spay/neuter agreement.
  10. The puppy is under eight weeks of age or appears to be much younger than the breeder claims.

Unfortunately, if something on this list is right about the puppy you are thinking about buying, a puppy mill breeder is unlikely, to be honest about it. For example, a puppy mill breeder might offer you papers and a license for your puppy, but if you look more closely, you may be able to tell that it is fake. If at any point the breeder doesn’t appear to be forthcoming about information regarding the puppy, its parents, or the breeding facilities, it is a big red flag. Not only should you avoid buying from this breeder, but you should also report him to the ASPCA or the Humane Society.

Buying a puppy from a pet store is a significant risk for several reasons. For one thing, many of the puppies sold in pet stores come from puppy mills, and it is straightforward to fake the papers or registration that pet store owners use to convince you that it is not so. If you want a puppy, consider adopting from a shelter or go through a reputable breeder.

10 Signs Your Dog is From a Puppy Mill – PetGuide

Top Ten; Dogs So Fugly It’s Cute

Top Ten; Dogs So Fugly It’s Cute

Something about hideous dogs is honestly something that nearly everyone loves. It’s like, somehow just adorable that they’re completely fugly.


10. The Chinese Shar-Pei: The cutest pile of wrinkles.

9. The English Bulldog: this dog, Zsa Zsa won ugliest dog in 2018- sadly she passed away shortly after.
8. The Caucasian Mountain Dog: Yes, this is a real breed. Just not akc (American) recognized. Elsewhere is.
7. The Irish Wolfhound
6. The Bull Terrier
5. The Komondor
4. The Tibetan Mastiff
3. The Chihuaha
2. The Chinese Crested
1. The Chug (a crossbreed) chihuahua pug mix

Quora Q&A: What are some sad facts about life?

Quora Q&A: What are some sad facts about life?

The question asked was, “What are some sad realities of life?” On my quora partnership profile.

Le Poo Facts Of Life

  • In 1986, a volcanic lake in Cameroon, Africa, burped a C02 gas cloud that killed 1,746 people in minutes.
  • Prosopagnosia, also known as face blindness, means you cannot recognize people’s faces. It often affects people from birth and is usually a problem a person has for most or all of their life.
  • Hinterkaifeck was a small German farm north of Munich. One night in 1922, all six inhabitants of the farm were murdered with a hatchet. The crime was never solved, and people believed the farm was haunted.
  • Wal-Mart averages a profit of $1.8 million every hour.
  • Expectant fathers can sometimes experience a sympathetic pregnancy with symptoms like backache, weight gain, strange food cravings, and nausea. This has also been found to happen in some species of monkeys.
  • There are more than 2,000,000 millionaires in the United States.
  • 20% of small businesses fail in their first year, 30% of small businesses fail in their second year, and 50% of small businesses fail after five years in business. Finally, 70% of small business owners fail in their 10th year in business.
  • In America, you will see an average of 5,000 advertisements a day. The number one reason why businesses fail is there is no market need.
  • There is a connective tissue disease that turns your muscles into bones. There is a form of HPV that causes the body to morph into a tree trunk like texture.
  • On deadly weapons: When someone has a gun in their home, it is 22 times more likely that the weapon to be used in a suicide or accidental shooting, rather than defense from invaders.
  • On lonely: Research from the Netherlands shows that people who are addicted to shopping are in a “loop of loneliness.” They shop because they’re trying to fill a void of loneliness, but the shopping only causes them to feel more lonely.
  • Animal welfare: In the United States, there are so many homeless dogs and cats that cannot find homes that 2.7 million of them are euthanized every year to make space in animal shelters. While it’s impossible to know the exact number, there is an estimated 70 million stray cats in the US alone. Additionally, 2021 alone has proven the real hate humans hold while there are many many many rescues currently trying to save stray frozen to death or near frozen to death dogs on the highways and back roads in southern states or bad areas. Texas is now having an uproar of homeless emaciated puppy mill loose dogs.
  • Dolphins can kill themselves by simply drowning themselves. The famous tv star dolphin Flipper killed himself in front of his handler. Reports say the flipper was too depressed.
  • Free Willy might not be worth watching if you knew that killer whales whose fin fold are mentally distressed whales.
  • If you don’t marry your best friend, it won’t work. The love “chemical” is oxytocin: Oxytocin is a hormone that acts as a neurotransmitter. It plays a vital role in reproduction. In females, the hormone triggers labor and the release of breastmilk. Oxytocin will die down if you are just in lust. Eventually, when the honeymoon phase is over, if you don’t both work together to be in love, then it’s not likely to work. Simple things like smiling, cuddling, and deep hugs release oxytocin and build human trust bonds- necessary for child-raising.
  • If you are on a hilly road and know that you might get butterflies, you most likely won’t get them anymore.
  • In America, people choose their family over others for nearly everything. Studies show it’s because they expect something in return. Not because they feel their family is the right person for whatever said the situation
  • In June, a 20-year-old boy thought he was 750,000 dollars in debt on the app Robinhood. He took his own life, thinking he could never live with that kind of debt. (Robinhood currently being sued)
  • Half price books throw out their books. If they donate, it’s not much, and it’s an excellent place to dumpster dive.


Dogs Naturally Magazine, a Veterinary based magazine, inspired me to research this incredibly important, Interesting, and alarming article about dog nutrition.

Studies recently show canines eating brand new diets to pups eating brands with nutrition deficiencies (I.e., Pedigree, Beneful, Alpo), which contain large amounts of processed foods, found that dogs eating fresh foods statistically live on average two years and eight months longer than those with the low nutritional diets and/or “cheap” brands.

That’s an extra thirty-two months on your beloved fur baby’s life.

There are many explanations for canines prematurely aging. Contemporary research shows that telomeres – a compound structuring at the end of a chromosome “shortening” could be one connection between processed diets and a shortened life.


The end of each chromosome is a stretch of DNA named telomeres in both canines and homo sapiens.

Telomeres 🧬 are essentially the tough rounded ends of shoelaces. Telomeres conceal the perimeters of your dog’s chromosomes and stop ✋ them from unfolding. 🚫

As canines age, their telomeres get shorter. Generally, old canines have immensely shortened telomeres. Every time a cell divides, the acting telomere for that chromosome gets shortened. Cells are continually dividing, such as surface cells like skin and cells within significant organs such as the liver.

Once the telomeres are wholly gone, its chromosome on the DNA unfolds 🧬 , and the cell will execute one of three plans:

  • Self-destruction (apoptosis)
  • Go Solo (evolve cancerously)
  • Retire (becomes senescent)

The body is continually residing with cancers and stands adequately equipped to handle them. If the immune system is working sufficiently, it can pick up and demolish any cancerous cells. Again, that’s if the immune system is not compromised.

It’s the senescent (or cessation of cell division) cells that do the most damage to the body. Senescent cells are the one guy who ruins the party as these cells come baring early-onset of age-related disease.

Senescent cells lay dormant, and at any given time in the body, they discharge poisonous chemicals. These chemicals begin to grip to encircling healthy cells, causing that cell to become senescent or cancerous.

You need to protect the telomeres.


Researchers in Spain looked at telomeres size and diets in human participants. They lay the first stone that the more processed diets they ate, the faster they shortened telomeres.

Partakers that ate three or more servings of refined or processed foods everyday stood 82% more apt to bring into light shortened telomeres.

What is refined or processed food? Like yourselves, your canine companions rely solely on the diet you feed them and to enhance longevity, as well as address specific breed diets and needs it’s important to know how to read a dog food label and more important to understand it. Think of processed food as “fillers”. Bad brands of dog food will usually list a filler or a meat “meal or derivative” (essentially ANY part of the protein source, I mean any part) and include a lot of grains such as corn to keep your pet full for longer. Corn, isn’t easily digested whole for humans, and it’s no better for dogs. This does not mean you should feed your pets grain-free food. It means the grains if at all should be healthy, ground up if needed, and easily digested.

Recent articles in both frontline and DVM360 have linked grain-free diets to cardiomyopathy or heart disease/failure. Hills Food Manufacturer sent a disturbing informational article to all associate Veterinary hospitals in June of 2019 showing the research-based evidence and development of grain-free diets and heart failure or sudden death due to heart issues in over five hundred canines.


A LOT of pet foods and food brands (raw foods included) encompass refined ingredients. The ingredients are exposed to high heat, processing machines, or prepared in a laboratory and approximately entirely nurtured by human reserves. It cuts expenses for the pet food corporation to put fillers and processed food in the nourishment as grain is an inexpensive crop and corn is the cheapest. Corn that is not ground up is not generally tolerated by humans nor pets- the food must contain appropriate grains such as “ground” corn.

The first ingredient listed should always be the protein source (meat). Don’t be fooled by the word meal derivative or meals; this meat is essentially the meat you don’t want your pet to have (I.e., Weird body parts or even meat from untrustworthy or none grass-fed animals from non-accredited farmers).

Dog food standards are not the same as human food standards. The only thing a dog food brand needs is a label listing the ingredients and for it to be visible on the bag. No further testing of the food to date is required by law. PET FOOD DOES NOT need to be FDA tested unless it’s a prescription diet. It does need to pass its own “FDA” mentioned below.

The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) provides nutritional standards (called model bills and regulations) that pet food manufacturers must abide by if they want to advertise their food as “complete and balanced.” – dogsnaturallymagazine

While the pet food industry reduces their costs by supplementing essential nutrients with fillers, processed foods and protein meals and maybe save a few bucks on the packaging, this day in age the brands are all aware (if they weren’t before) and still sell garbage to gain more personal profit (though they swim in it as is), they add bills to your veterinary tab and take years off your pet’s life, practically load your dog up with fillers, meat and meal derivatives, and indigestiblele grains. We simply have no idea we are slowly killing our pets. Not to mention they STILL push grain-free when it causes heart failure.

Name brand pet food. Is it malicious? Not all, well some probably are, but there are many brands of food. It’s unlikely intentional all pet food corporations are trying to murder your pet since canine and feline nutrition is only recently becoming a significant component of raising healthy pets, and though many brands have been forced off shelves or forced to re-do their recipe; to this day, pedigree, also, and Beneful cut corners. Will display labels below

Pet foods don’t just contain animals with unbalanced fats … they contain grains and foods that also include unbalanced fats. This is mostly to keep costs down — and the folks at AAFCO seem to be fine with this”

What are the ingredients most likely to be processed? What do you need to pay extra attention to? Words.

  • Meals (like chicken meal or corn meal)
  • Flavors (even natural flavors)
  • Colorings
  • Vitamins – what vitamins and how much?
  • Minerals– what minerals and how much?

You probably already know to stay away from meals and flavors. But many “high end” brands and freeze-dried foods contain vitamins and minerals.

Vitamins sourced in pet food are made with petroleum or fat products and are highly processed in factories. Minerals are also being processed in high heat and can be toxi. Avoid “added vitamins and minerals” or “all-natural and fresh with added supplements”

Processed foods are deficient in antioxidants. A fixed stream of antioxidants is vital to ameliorate oxidative stress harm and telomere curtailing.


Simple! Food and lifestyle change. Small adjustments you can make that will help keep your dog’s telomeres long and inflammation down.

Here is a list of supplements proved safe to give to pets that are found OTC. These you can purchase yourself.

Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fats: Both omega-6 and omega-3 fats have the ability to control hormones — and the hormones they control have very different jobs. The omega-6 fatty acids produce hormones that increase inflammation, which is an important part of the immune response. They also help with blood clotting and cell growth. The hormones produced by omega-3 fatty acids also control the immune system and they work alongside the omega-6 fats in an antagonistic manner. So, balance between these fatty acids is an important part of a healthy immune system. Both fats are important and your dog needs both in his diet. But these fats must be reasonably balanced for a balanced immune system … and today’s modern diets make this balance difficult.

Https:// (text directly copied)

Sulforaphane: Broccoli and especially broccoli sprouts are rich in a polyphenol called sulforaphane. This is a powerful antioxidant and liver detoxifier … but make sure it’s not heated as heat destroys the enzyme that converts sulforaphane in the body.

Probiotics/Prebiotics: A prosperous stomach includes an abundance of bacteria that reduce inflammation. And as pups age, their microbiomes become less distinct, and this can cause inflammation and telomere shortening.

Those are just expansions to your pet’s diet. Additionally, for an upset stomach, you can serve none-dessert canned pumpkin or boiled chicken and white rice. “Bland” diets are preferred when a dog is experiencing digestive tract issues. What your dog food should contain are the three driving energy sources.

Your dog needs three sources to operate: protein, fats, and carbohydrates. These macronutrients are the only source of calories your dog gets.

Proteins are made up of building blocks called amino acids. Amino acids are important not just for energy but for vitality and tissue assembly in the bodies cell production. They also fire up the metabolic process. (hence energy drinks are loaded with amino acids and bcaa)

Fat is a rich source of energy. Pound per pound fat is two times more highly caloric than the protein source. You need to watch the amount of fat per protein ratio when feeding. Fat is essential in protecting your dog’s cells and aids in making hormones as well as fattysoluble vitamins. Without a steady supply of protein and fat, your dog will die.

Carbohydrates are not essential for life, and dogs can survive without them, but that does not mean they shouldn’t be removed from the recipe. Carbohydrates help boost the dog’s immune systems and help reduce the risk of cancer and other diseases.

That being said the following sites are great for pet nutrition recalls, questions, and information.

Dog food advisor Constantly updates with researched and laboratory-based evidence for every type of pet food imaginable
Different breeds means different nutrition needs!


Taste of the Wild Southwest Canyon Grain-Free Dry Dog Food, 28-lb bag

Nutritional Information

  • Beef, Peas, Garbanzo Beans, Lamb Meal, Canola Oil, Egg Product, Wild Boar, Ocean Fish Meal, Pea Flour, Dried Yeast, Tomato Pomace, Flaxseed, Natural Flavor, Salmon Oil (A Source Of DHA), Salt, Choline Chloride, Taurine, Dried Chicory Root, Tomatoes, Blueberries, Raspberries, Yucca Schidigera Extract, Dried Lactobacillus Plantarum Fermentation Product, Dried Bacillus Subtilis Fermentation Product, Dried Lactobacillus Acidophilus Fermentation Product, Dried Enterococcus Faecium Fermentation Product, Dried Bi Fidobacterium Animalis Fermentation Product, Vitamin E Supplement, Iron Proteinate, Zinc Proteinate, Copper Proteinate, Ferrous Sulfate, Zinc Sulfate, Copper Sulfate, Potassium Iodide, Thiamine Mononitrate (Vitamin B1), Manganese Proteinate, Manganous Oxide, Ascorbic Acid, Vitamin A Supplement, Biotin, Niacin, Calcium Pantothenate, Manganese Sulfate, Sodium Selenite, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B6), Vitamin B12 Supplement, Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Vitamin D Supplement, Folic Acid. Contains A Source Of Live (Viable), Naturally Occurring Microorganisms.

Caloric Content

  • 3,600 kcal/kg, 360 kcal/cup

EXAMPLE: Bad Dog Food- look at the first few ingredients.


Ingredients : THE BOLD ARE VERY BAD.


Directions :

Throw dog food out.

The Weeknd; The Plastic Surgery Disaster Pre- Superbowl Halftime Performance?

The Weeknd; The Plastic Surgery Disaster Pre- Superbowl Halftime Performance?

“…absurd culture of Hollywood celebrity and people manipulating themselves for superficial reasons…”

I was quite surprised to hear about “The Weeknd” (Abel Makkonen Tesfaye) posting new pictures of himself. Selfies, of course, but a bit different from recent selfies.

Direct message with my sister regarding The Weeknd

Is this just a joke? To me, conceivably, but not to Abel. He had a cause to get out there, and he went all out.

No, his new plastic surgery face IS NOT REAL.

“The Weeknd” finally came out about his new mysterious act signifying his face WILL be back to normal for the halftime show at the Super Bowl. The Musician told variety news in a brief q&a, The significance of the entire head bandages is reflecting on the absurd culture of Hollywood celebrity and people manipulating themselves for superficial reasons to please and be validated.” indeed, this act of photo manipulation is what he did with those surgery images, minus validating anything that had a point. I can only imagine all his die-hard fans getting plastic surgery now to copy his act of standing against “Hollywood culture and celebrities.” It’s entirely possible he could have accidentally caused a lot of damage to people’s faces who truly believed these images were real. It’s 2021, and everyone is crazy. Acts like his weren’t entirely thought through (I hope).

In this case, I’d say the most simple act is the one he tried to put on. Canadian born Abel seems to be aloof to the “American” fundamental cultural issues and using “Hollywood culture” to get a few extra likes and head turns and perhaps a blog post about this and him. In other words, this might just be a private fight he’s fighting.

I’d say he fulfilled the task of getting fan base interest with the chilling post-surgery photoshopped pictures of himself. I guess we will know tonight at the annual super bowl halftime show what Abel has to show us.

It kept us on our toes!

Adopting Canadian Politics’

Adopting Canadian Politics’

The fastest way to improve the U.S. ranking would be for President Trump or President Biden to follow Trudeau’s lead and appoint a balanced cabinet. Overnight, the global standing of the U.S. in terms of gender equality would be dramatically improved. The added area where progress is necessitated (and has gone backward since 2016) is in the balance of women in consultative positions, as Kathryn Dunn Tenpas explains in her essay series…

The Canadian government has data on how many people move there, but not on why people move. When questioned the “I’m moving after this election” issue, Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada sent NPR data on Americans who obtain permanent residency status in Canada (gaining permanent residency is a necessary step toward achieving Canadian citizenship). Here is what it shows:

For instance, Aujla said that many Americans moved to Canada in the 1990s and early 2000s not only because of governments but because of market rates. A strong bill helped persuade people they could stand living in Canada.

Besides, he said, Canadian politics plays a role in concluding how many people transfer into the country. In the past few years, Tighter immigration rules, following former Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s traditionalistic government, may have cut down on the number of people moving to Canada after around 2012, Aujla says.

Semi-relatedly, while the number of Americans fleeing to Canada may not be skyrocketing right now, the number of Americans who give up their U.S. citizenship each year sure begets.

Tax attorneys Andrew Mitchel and Ryan Dunn have continued collecting expatriation data at International Tax Blog. The figures show that more than 4,200 Americans banished (that is, “renounced their U.S. citizenship or terminated their long-term U.S.) That is 10 times higher than in the late 1990s.

As with the Canadian permanent residency data, there are no official data on exactly why people are doing this. For their part, Mitchel and Dunn have said they doubt that it is politics or tax rates themselves. Instead, Mitchel says it is about U.S.

The American citizens agree on one tune, though: Three-quarters say the nation is more divided than before the coronavirus outbreak, regardless of whether they support the current legislation. Relative to those in the 12 different countries surveyed, Americans are united in understanding barriers in their country.

By 2016, Americans were putting their own party 45.9 points more high-priced than the other party, on average. In other words, negative feelings toward members of the other party compared to one’s own party increased by an average of 4.8 points per decade.

Why has the U.S. become so much more polarized? Shapiro said it may be partly because, since the 1970s, major political parties have become increasingly aligned with certain ideologies, races, and religious identities. For example, Republicans are now more likely to be holy, while Democrats are more likely to be secular.

“There’s evidence that within the U.S., the two major political parties have become more homogeneous in certain ways, including ideologically and socially,” Shapiro said. “So, when you identify with a certain party, and you’re looking across the aisle, the people you’re looking at are more different from you than they were a few decades ago.”.

“There are good reasons to think that when people in different political camps cease to respect each other, it’s harder to make political compromises and create good public policy,” Shapiro said. “There’s also some evidence that a person’s political identity can influence their behavior — what they buy, where they live, who they hire. If we can understand what is driving partisan divides, we may be able to take steps to reduce them.”.

Bill Clinton in 1996, the first re-election of a Democratic president in 60 years, is the exception that proves the rule. This is the party’s record that dominated every level of American politics for half of the 20th century. It is an appalling record in a two-party system where the electoral college system is biased towards large.

(Kvetches may complain that George W. Bush was only “elected” by Ralph Nader and Clarence Thomas in 2000. That Al Gore’s appalling campaign came as close as it did to winning is unquestionably further proof, however, of the Dems’ call on divine intervention.).

One in five Americans called themselves Republicans when Carter was elected; today, Republicans have edged into a clear national majority. Among middle-class voters, the group that votes most heavily, party I.D., has slipped by nearly 20 percent. However, even this decline in partisan I.D. is misleading, for solidly “Democratic” cities and states — New York, Los Angeles, and California — have elected and re-elected Republican mayors and governors.

This power has faded only somewhat. We turned out thousands of voters, 96 percent of the list, in one housing project — which was an achievement, as the project was still under construction.” (Much guffawing.).

It is hard to describe the Republican delegate demographic without descending to unfair social stereotypes. Suffice it to say that the WB, Fox News, and Us magazine are probably the majority news sources. USA Today would be “a big read.” In this, the Republican activist model is closer to its core voter than the Democrat’s equivalent by far. After all, most Americans, and for that matter, most Canadians, do care more about the winner of the latest Canadian/American Idol contest than they do about any election. Unlike Democratic party delegates, most voters are not too thin, too affluent, and too sophisticated to care about Paris Hilton or her dog’s fate.

A campaign is no time to be subtle. Morning in America might have worked for Ronald Reagan in 1984, but it will not work for Kerry in 2004. By wrapping himself in the flag and bringing out his band of brothers, he has been playing to Bush’s strength rather than his own. Kerry should be making it about Bush, not about himself. He should be making it about the economy and Bush’s job creation record — the first negative job growth record, and the worst, since Herbert Hoover, father of the Great Depression. It should be making it about health care and how 44 million Americans have no coverage in a nation that spends 15 percent of its GDP on health care. He should be making it about Bush’s half-trillion-dollar deficit after the Democrats balanced America’s books. He should be making it not about the war in Iraq but about post-war Iraq and the bungled U.S. occupation. More US troops have died since Bush declared mission accomplished than died during wars themselves. He should be making it about Bush. The real Democratic bumper sticker is “Beat Bush.”.

Canada’s politics function within a framework of parliamentary democracy and a federal system of parliamentary government with strong democratic traditions.[1] Canada is a constitutional monarchy in which the monarch is head of state. In practice, the executive powers are directed by the Cabinet, a committee of ministers of the Crown responsible to the elected House of Commons of Canada and chosen and headed by the Prime Minister of Canada.[2].

The country has a multi-party system in which many of its legislative practices derive from the Westminster parliament’s unwritten conventions and precedents. The two dominant political parties in Canada have historically been the current Liberal Party of Canada and the Conservative Party of Canada (as well as its numerous predecessors).[15] Parties like the New Democratic Party, the Quebec nationalist Bloc Québécois and the Green Party of Canada have grown in prominence, exerting their own influence on the political process.[15].

In Canada, the provinces are considered co-sovereign; This means that the Crown is “divided” into 11 legal jurisdictions or 11 “Crowns” – one federal (the Crown in right of Canada) and ten provincials (an example being the Crown in right of British Columbia).

Canada is considered by most sources to be a very stable democracy. In 2006, The Economist ranked Canada the third-most democratic nation in its Democracy Index, ahead of all other nations in the Americas and ahead of every nation more populous than itself. In 2008, Canada ranked World No. 11 countries most populous and advanced from other states in the Americas. (In 2008, the United States was ranked World No. 23)

In 1967, Canada installed a point-based system to determine if immigrants should remain eligible to enter the country, using commendable qualities such as the applicant’s ability to speak both French and English, their level of education, and other details that may be expected of someone raised in Canada. This policy was considered ground-breaking at the time since prior orderliness was tilted based on ethnicity. Nevertheless, many foreign citizens still saw it challenging to ensure work after immigrating, ending in a higher unemployment rate amongst the immigrant community. After winning power at the 2006 federal election, the Conservative Party sought to curb this issue by placing weight on whether the claimant has a standing work offer in Canada. The difference has signified a cause of some contention. Opponents contend that businesses use this change to suppress wages, with corporate purchasers leveraging the awareness that an alien should hold a job to strongly complete the migration method.

The Philosophy Of Mental Illness

The Philosophy Of Mental Illness

Awesome repost below

We’re all mostly insane. I visited a family once and I must say that even though insanity didn’t run in that family, I’m convinced it strolled …

The Philosophy Of Mental Illness
Wednesday Words of Wisdom

Wednesday Words of Wisdom


Iᖴ TᕼEY ᗪOᑎT KᑎOᗯ YOᑌ ᑭEᖇᔕOᑎᗩᒪᒪY, ᗪOᑎT TᗩKE IT ᑭEᖇᔕOᑎᗩᒪᒪY.

𝓽𝓲𝘴 ᭙ꫀꫀ𝘬𝘴 ᠻꫀꫀꪶ𝘴

From the Motivation app:

Some days, only words can lift you. Words can say what we can’t seem to about life, from Falling in love, friendship to anxiety, self-love, and loss. Maybe it’s the weather, but this year has already brought out my innermost fears of failure: may these words bring you peace. For a minute at least

On love, life, strength, and the power to persevere

Music is my favorite part of life but when you are around life becomes even more melodious. You are a sweet tune in my heart and I hope to play it all my life.

Helen Ding

I can deal with anything in this world, except your silence.


How to Change: wake up a different person and stay committed to that person.

She turned her can’t into cans and her dreams into plans.

One day, you will wake up and there won’t be any more time to do the things you’ve always wanted. Do it now.
-Paulo Coelho

Listen. I wish I could tell you it gets better. But, it doesn’t get better. You get better.
-Joan Rivers

Stay away from negative people. They have a problem for every solution.

Either you run the day or the day runs you

When you try to control everything, you enjoy nothing. Sometimes you just need to relax, breathe, let go and live for the moment.

Live in the moment with lessons from your past and small goals for a big future

Acknowledging the good that you already have in your life is the foundation for all abundance.
-Eckhart Tolle

Sometimes when things are falling apart they may actually be falling into place.

We imagine the worst. If you’re going to use your imagination, imagine good things happening.

Strength grows in the moments when you think you can’t go on but you keep going anyway.

If they don’t know you personally, don’t take it personal.

Always be kinder than necessary. What goes around comes around. No one has ever made themselves strong by showing how small someone else is.

Some days are hard and some days are gold, remind yourself of the gold days to get you through the hard days.

𝘬ꫀꫀρ ꪗꪮꪊ𝘳 ꫝꫀꪖᦔ ꪊρ ꫀꪜꫀ𝘳ꪗꪮꪀꫀ. ꪗꪮꪊ ꪖꪶ𝘳ꫀꪖᦔꪗ 𝘴ꪊ𝘳ꪜ𝓲ꪜꫀᦔ 2020

𝘛𝘩𝘳𝘦𝘦 𝘊𝘩𝘢𝘭𝘭𝘦𝘯𝘨𝘦𝘴 𝘉𝘶𝘥𝘥𝘩𝘢 𝘞𝘰𝘶𝘭𝘥 𝘉𝘦 𝘗𝘳𝘰𝘶𝘥 𝘖𝘧 𝘠𝘰𝘶 𝘍𝘰𝘳 𝘛𝘰𝘥𝘢𝘺 (𝘪𝘧 𝘺𝘰𝘶 𝘥𝘰 𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘮):

1. ꒒ꏂꍏꋪꈤ 3 ꈤꏂꅐ ꅐꂦꋪꀷꌚ ꀤꈤ ꍏ ꀷꀤꎇꎇꏂꋪꏂꈤ꓄ ꒒ꍏꈤꁅꀎꍏꁅꏂ

3. ꌚ꓄ꍏꋪ꓄ ꌩꂦꀎꋪ ꒒꒻ꎇꏂꌚ ꌃꀎꏳꀘꏂ꓄ ꒒ꀤꌚ꓄ ꍏꈤꀷ ꅐꂦꋪꀘ ꂦꈤ ꀤ꓄ ꋪꅐꁅꀎ꒒ꍏꋪ꒒ꌩ

3. 𝐑𝐞𝐚𝐜𝐡 𝐨𝐮𝐭 𝐭𝐨 𝐚𝐧 𝐨𝐥𝐝 𝐟𝐫𝐢𝐞𝐧𝐝 𝐬𝐢𝐦𝐩𝐥𝐲 𝐭𝐨 𝐚𝐬𝐤 𝐡𝐨𝐰 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐲 𝐚𝐫𝐞. 𝐌𝐚𝐤𝐞 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐜𝐨𝐧𝐯𝐞𝐫𝐬𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 𝖑𝖆𝖘𝖙 𝖋𝖔𝖗 𝖆 𝖇𝖏𝖙.

T҉h҉e҉ o҉n҉l҉y҉ w҉a҉y҉ t҉o҉ b҉e҉ h҉a҉p҉p҉y҉ i҉s҉ t҉o҉ b҉e҉ g҉r҉a҉t҉e҉f҉u҉l҉ f҉o҉r҉ w҉h҉a҉t҉ y҉o҉u҉ h҉a҉v҉e҉ n҉o҉t҉ w҉h҉a҉t҉ y҉o҉u҉ d҉o҉n҉t҉ h҉a҉v҉e҉.

𝘐 𝘴𝘢𝘺 𝘧𝘶𝘤𝘬 𝘪𝘵. тσ∂αу ι ¢нσσѕє тσ вє муѕєℓf 100%

Faking Happy; Toxic Positivity

Faking Happy; Toxic Positivity


The Toxic World of Self-Help: Hustle Culture, Toxic–

Definition of noxious

1a: physically harmful or destructive to living beingsnoxious wastenoxious fumesb: constituting a harmful influence on mind or behaviorespeciallymorally corruptingnoxious doctrines2: DISAGREEABLEOBNOXIOUSthis noxious political scandal— H. L. Ickes

Noxious positivity assumes that one should protect a definite mindset no matter how terrible or challenging a circumstance is. It’s a “genuine vibes” show to grow. Furthermore, while there are gains to living an academic and interlocking positive and concrete and reasonable life, infectious positivity sooner recants complex emotions in favor of a happy, naturally lousy period.

It’s not brand-new that positive thought; excellent mental health, indeed binds hand and hand. The significant predicament breathes that growth isn’t forever definite. We all bargain with distressing sensations and experiences many times during our lifetime. 

While often bothersome and challenging to barter with, certain troubles mean acquiring proper treatment also well-being skills. To “not handle” your problems competently presents to others a “cluttered-minded person: a cynic.” 

The attitude stated earlier doesn’t only accentuate the importance of virtue; it also rejects all traces of individual perceptions that aren’t stringently fit or positive.

The dangers of faking happiness in times of struggles.  The Noxious Positivity is a mindset commonly displayed by people who are unable to comprehend empathy or narcissisms.  Emotions need to be challenged face on to get over.

Classes of Noxious Positivity

Noxious positivity can convey itself in a deep assortment of models. Some cases yourself may have confronted in your private living:

  • If something terrible befalls, such as losing your employment, personages inform you to “just stay positive” or “look on the sunny side.” While before-mentioned judgments usually mean to be compassionate, they can too exist as a method of shutting down anything you might need to say regarding everything you are feeling.
  • After undergoing any disaster, people say that “everything happens for a purpose.” While people usually get such comments because people think they act supportive, it is likewise a method of evading someone else’s hurt. 
  • If you show frustration or melancholy, someone says to you that “happiness is a choice.” This hints that if you feel cold emotions, then it’s your individual decision also your liability for not “wanting” to be content.

The before-mentioned accounts are frequently well-intentioned but dangerous. By their most salutary, so comments appear off being hackneyed truisms that allowed you off the hook, so you don’t have to allot with separate people’s emotions.

At their worst, these remarks end up disgracing and condemning somebody that is continually dealing with difficult circumstances.

Noxious positivity denies people this genuine aid that all require to cope with what they are fronting.

How? It’s Dangerous

Noxious positivity can hurt somebody that is going through challenging times. Rather than sharing actual individual sentiments and growing positive support, people see their emotions discarded, overlooked, or downright invalidated. 

  • It’s dishonoring: While someone is hurting, people need to understand that their sensations are real, just that everybody can find comfort also love toward their companions and people. However, noxious positivity shows that the sentiments all are believing equal wrong. 
  • It creates offense: It sends a note that if you aren’t obtaining a way to feel positive, even within the presentation of disaster, you are doing something incorrectly.
  • It bypasses genuine individual sensation: Noxious positivity practices as an escape tool. While different personalities mesh in that sort of style, it empowers them to shun sensitive circumstances that might cause them to feel awkward. But sometimes, we utilize those same ideas individually, internalizing these toxic ideas. When we feel difficult emotions, we then discount, dismiss, and deny them.
  • It hinders fullness: It enables us to withdraw from feeling anything that might signify depressing, yet it additionally disallows us this capability to withstand challenging feelings that can eventually begin to grow and more in-depth insight.

The “positive vibes only” mantra has become particularly grating to many in light of the COVID-19 global pandemic. During the pandemic, people have faced illness, lockdowns, shelter in place orders, business shutdowns, working from home, homeschooling challenges, job loss, and financial struggles.

People are faced with massive disruptions in their lives and pressure to stay productive and be positive during a traumatic and challenging time on many levels.

According to the 2020 Stress in America report by the American Psychological Association, 46% of American adults with kids under 18 report high-stress levels during the pandemic.1

It is possible to be optimistic in the face of difficult experiences and challenges. But people going through trauma don’t need to be told to stay positive or feel that they are being judged for not maintaining a sunny outlook.


Toxic positivity can often be subtle, but learning to recognize the signs can help you better identify this behavior type. Some signs include:

  • She was brushing off problems rather than facing them.
  • She was feeling guilty about being sad, angry, or disappointed.
  • You were hiding your true feelings behind feel-good quotes that seem more socially acceptable.
  • Hiding or disguising how you feel.
  • They are minimizing other people’s feelings because they make you uncomfortable.
  • They are shaming other people when they don’t have a positive attitude.
  • Trying to be stoic or “get over” painful emotions.

How to Avoid Toxic Positivity

If you’ve been affected by toxic positivity—or if you recognize this kind of behavior in yourself— there are things that you can do to develop a healthier, more supportive approach. Some ideas include:

  • Manage your negative emotions, but don’t deny themNegative emotions can cause stress when unchecked two, but they can also provide important information that can lead to beneficial life changes.
  • Be realistic about what you should feel. When you face a stressful situation, it’s normal to feel stressed, worried, or even fearful. Don’t expect too much from yourself. Focus on self-care and taking steps that can help improve your situation.
  • It’s okay to feel more than one thing. If you face a challenge, it’s possible to feel nervous about the future but hopeful that you will succeed. Your emotions are as complex as the situation itself. 
  • Focus on listening to others and showing support. When someone expresses a problematic emotion, don’t shut them down with toxic platitudes. Instead, let them know that what they are feeling is regular and that you are there to listen. 
  • Notice how you feel. Following “positive” social media accounts can sometimes serve as a source of inspiration but pay attention to how you feel after viewing and interacting with such content. If you are left with a sense of shame or guilt after seeing “uplifting” posts, it might be due to toxic positivity. In such cases, consider limiting your social media consumption.

Permit yourself to feel your feelings. Instead of trying to avoid difficult emotions, permit yourself to handle them. These feelings are real, valid, and meaningful. They can provide information and help you see things about a situation you need to change.

This doesn’t necessarily mean that you should act on every emotion that you feel. Sometimes it is essential to sit with them and give yourself the time and space to process the situation before you take action. 

So when you are going through something hard, think about ways to give your emotions the voice in a productive way. Write in a journal. Talk to a friend. Research suggests that just putting what you are feeling into words can lower the intensity of those negative feelings.3

Toxic Statements

  • Just stay positive!
  • Good vibes only!
  • It could be worse.
  • Things happen for a reason.
  • Failure isn’t an option.
  • Happiness is a choice.

Non-Toxic Alternatives

  • I’m listening.
  • I’m here, no matter what.
  • That must be hard.
  • Sometimes bad things happen. How can I help?
  • Failure is sometimes part of life.
  • Your feelings are valid.

A Word From VerywellMINDS.COM

“Toxic positivity is often subtle, and we’ve all engaged in this thinking at one point or another. By learning to recognize it, however, you’ll be better able to rid yourself of this type of thinking and provide (and receive) more authentic support when you are going through something that isn’t easy.

Start noticing toxic statements, strive to let yourself and others feel your emotions, both the positive and the negative. “



What Is Toxic Positivity?.

Supplements; Quit Adderall

Supplements; Quit Adderall


When deciding you’ve had enough, quitting Adderall or its equivalent will involve you and everyone around you to show and establish the most helpful thing, a support system, to begin with, is to educate my family and me on withdrawal, Adderall’s chemical compounds, and what this stimulant medication does to my brain and body.

The first thing I learned was my brain has to learn how to produce dopamine and serotonin on its own, and during this process, I will behave upset, on edge, and anxious. I also knew that I had likely destroyed my output for my adrenals, which contributes to sleep/wake processes, so fatigue in the beginning and bouts of insomnia about six days into drying out would be expected.

Last but not least, I had a fear that my metabolism may slow down without Adderall speeding things up, so I wanted to make sure I was on top of my weight management. When I read further into it, Adderall contributes to slower metabolism if used as an adult, long term.

Here are a few of my quick tips and tricks that helped with treatment for SAD disorders or diseases of the mind, such as, inability to create our own happiness. (serotonin, adrenal, and dopamine)

The first few days are easy, for those with no obligations- you will be sleeping excessively. Get the sleep aid (melatonin) because day 5-7 are bits of extreme anxiety and nervousness, followed by, a clear mind.

Sentiments of Anxiety + Depression are going to happen. You need to remember that these feelings are TEMPORARY. You will not be “high” anymore but you will not be that sad, all the time. If you can go 11 days clean you’ve beat the physical addiction, and mental addiction is based on your strength in restraining. Quitting Adderall shouldn’t mean upping your doses of other medicine such as benzos. It means you commit yourself to not dying a painful, young, untiming death.

Are there any drugs on the market to replace Adderall?

No. There are supplements you can take depending on your mood. You should see how you feel around day 11 before considering supplenting primarily Non-FDA approved medications.

If you are most of the way through withdrawal and extra hydration, meditation,cleaning, exercise, and rest didn’t help. It’s possible you may need a little extra help fixing the engines on your serotonin or/and dopamine machines.

Dopamine is associated with pleasurable sensations, along with learning, memory, motor system function, and more. Serotonin. This hormone (and neurotransmitter) helps regulate your mood as well as your sleep, appetite, digestion, learning ability, and memory. “Sep 30, 2019
Amino acid Mucuna pruriens boosts dopamine levels in humans, particularly those with Parkinson’s disease, a nervous system disorder that affects movement and is caused by a dopamine deficiency

Some studies have found that supplementing with Ginkgo biloba in the long term increased dopamine levels in rats, which helped improve cognitive function, memory and motivation (healthline)

Ginkgo biloba extract appeared to boost dopamine secretion by decreasing oxidative stress.

Curcumin is the active element of turmeric. Curcumin comes in capsule, tea, extract, and powdered forms.

Oregano oil supplements increase levels of dopamine and produce antidepressant effects in mice. Human-based studies is lacking research.

Magnesium and its antidepressant qualities provided that magnesium deficiency contributes to decreased dopamine levels and increased risk of depression.

Vitamin D has numerous functions in your body, involving the regulation of specific neurotransmitters like dopamine.

Green Tea has long been touted for its antioxidant properties and nutrient contents also contain the amino acid L-theanine, which directly affects your brain.has many roles in your body, including the regulation of certain neurotransmitters like dopamin

L-theanine increases dopamine production, similar to antidepressants, and L-Theanine has an enhancing cognitive boost in it.

Fish Oil helps with dopamine regulation when taken daily.

Caffeine (for some)increases brain function by boosting dopamine receptor levels in the brain.

Ginseng root can be eaten raw or steamed, but it’s also available in other forms, such as tea, capsules or pills. It enhances brain function, mood, behavior and enhances memory.

Berberine increases dopamine levels and helps to fight depression and anxiety disorder.

Dopamine is essential for brain health, and the health of your body and mind. Dopamine affects many brain-related processes, such as attitude, vitality, and memory.

Normally, the body regulates dopamine levels on its own, but medical conditions, diet,and lifestyle choices can increase or decreass your dopamine levels.

Along with eating a balanced diet, many possible supplements may help encourage the release of dopamine, including probiotics, fish oil, vitamin D, magnesium, ginkgo and ginseng.

This, in turn, will enhance the brain process and mental vigor.

All of the supplements have a sound safety profile when used correctly. However, some supplements may interfere with specific prescription or over-the-counter medications. Be sure to check for interactions with meds.

Proven Therapies: Self-Hypnosis, Therapy, Psychotherapt, DBT, CBT, meditation › health › happ…

Is Life A Video Game?

Is Life A Video Game?

Short Version: Final Destination “Choose Your Fate” 3rd in the series dvd disc extra, was the first I personally, have recognized the theory. Alex Zhavoronokov, forbes magazinewriter further explains the Cognitive World Theory. This theory is over two years old and Alex is an expert in AI healthcare and longevity also in biotechnology. No, we may be living in an unknown world with no facts, but yes, we are in a video game if you consider that all your daily decisions are going to be used to advance A.I and that your data and what you do on a regular basis is being monitored for civilizations future. You can even have A.I replicate your “brain blueprint” like the new A.I smart app, Replika.

Whichter 3: Polish Game With Near Self-Aware Avatars

Since we do not have a definite answer, I’ll include a few, I find to not only be credible, but interesting as well.

Is Life A Recursive Video Game?

Alex Zhavoronkov, PhD Contributor


GroupAIExpert in AI for healthcare and longevity biotechnology



The idea that we are living inside a simulation is not new. Many religions propose the existence of a creator—an omnipotent deity who formed the world and set its rules in motion—but this is simply another way of framing the video game hypothesis.

It’s bigger than you think. Of the 7.4 billion people on this planet, only about 1.2 billion are non-religious or atheist. In other words, 84 percent of us are comfortable with the idea of the world as the work of a creator, and ourselves as temporary characters waiting to transition to a better world.

Some religions take this further with concepts of respawning (e.g., reincarnation), which might depend on one’s performance through life, and points (e.g., karma) accumulated in each iteration.

Every religion that defines a creator and a set of rules also assumes our world is a simulation.

Nick Bostrom, a professor at the University of Oxford and the founder of the Future of Humanity Institute, developed a strong theoretical and philosophical framework for the simulation hypothesis.  We are familiar with simulations from popular films like The Matrix, Tron, Ready Player One, and TV shows like Black Mirror. The Academy-Award winning film Inception—about a dream within a dream within a dream—is a globally popular example of a recursive simulation. 

Yet these are like mere daydreams compared to the power and reach of the future video games.

With the explosion of the consumer market, video game developers can invest unprecedented resources into the creation of realistic games, with no end in sight. Many are approaching truly life-like realism with massive multiplayer options.

To succeed, the games must be sticky.

A player must become convinced that he or she belongs to the new world, while more or less forgetting about the world outside. This feature is especially appealing for those trying to escape from unpleasant situations. Wouldn’t it be great to spend time away from your current reality while recovering from the flu, dealing with a difficult colleague, or just having a bad day?

If we take a look at the most successful open world video game franchises—Assassin’s CreedFalloutDeus Ex—we notice that their worlds are built “in our image.” They resemble our earthly environment.

These video games offer a simplified representation of reality, while cleverly appealing to our most primordial instincts. The ability to be reborn, explore many alternative scenarios, and even kill others without guilt, is all part of a god-like experience that contributes to their addictive potency.

Many games are recursive—we can play a game within the game. When you grow bored with the main game or would like to earn some points, you start playing a game within a game. If this life is a simulation, there’s a chance that when we exit or die, it will be an exit into another simulation, or a respawn in this reality.

If this life is a video game, and at this moment there are hundreds of thousands of people working on making realistic and captivating video games trying to replicate and augment our reality, we’re likely to soon be pulled into a new, better reality created by us.

Hence, my answer to the question “Is this life a recursive video game?” is “Most likely yes.”

There has never been a better time to be alive. Our grandparents witnessed the transition from horse-drawn buggies to cars and 747 airplanes. We are likely to see a transition from this reality to an abundance of new, ever more realistic and powerful realities.

At the same time, present and future generations will probably experience substantially longer lifespans.

This combination—a profusion of realities and longer lifespans—will change everything.

While there is much talk about income inequality, the number of people living in poverty is rapidly decreasing. Middle-class families enjoy a better quality of life and more entertainment options than the Queen of England just two centuries ago. The Queen certainly didn’t have access to comfortable air travel, Netflix, fresh fruit, and video games.

In a sense, video games level the divide between the rich and poor, young and old, because in the game you’re free to choose your own role.

Economic factors are making video games necessary.

Realistic and addictive video game development is an economic necessity for two basic reasons: Labor is being displaced by AI, while the planet’s expanding population is living longer.

Despite a slowing birth rate in developed countries, the world’s population continues to grow at an unprecedented rate. Still, many of today’s jobs will be replaced by artificial intelligence.

The extra time available to humans must be spent somewhere, somehow.

In response, the entertainment industry is in upheaval. Companies like Amazon, Alibaba and YouTube are investing billions into projects to create and deliver video content, while others like Tencent pour resources into mobile gaming. As Generation X—the first generation to grow up with video games—reaches retirement age, video games are likely to become even more profitable and sophisticated.

Won’t life get boring?

After a lecture on advances in longevity biotechnology, I’m frequently asked, “What will happen if people are able to live significantly longer in a youthful, disease-free state? Won’t life get boring?”

My quick answer is: Try playing the new open world video games. By the time you get comfortable with the controls, you’ll be addicted to at least one of them. And if you don’t like playing, then generate content for those who do play.

An educational component could be added for today’s retirees. When they wake from the immersive experience, they could go back to work, if they so choose.

Video games are a key to Artificial General Intelligence (AGI).


Today, many excellent open world games are free to play, it just takes a little longer to advance and build up one’s character. Even if you’re not paying, your personal data has value; it can be collected, analyzed, used, or sold.

In the future, gamers will help train Artificial General Intelligence (AGI). One strategy for developing super intelligent AI systems is to have them interact with human players in life-like environments, allowing them to evolve.

Most advanced AI companies are already training their AIs to play against humans in video games like DoTA and StarCraft.

If we couple this trend with advanced brain-to-computer interfaces, it may be possible to produce advanced AGI that will continue even further, both developing and cloning games themselves—and the humans within them. See Replika App Article.

Video game developers should consider making games less violent so that when AGI is brought into this world it doesn’t kill us all. And if you are playing video games, chose the least violent. Developers get their feedback via revenue, and it’s unfortunate that the most popular games are also the most violent.

Video games are an untapped goldmine of decision information

The Witcher, a brilliant Polish game series, offers hundreds of hours of alternative gameplay with divergent endings. You can cheat, be honorable, kill, or show mercy. The barriers between good and bad are blurred, and you’re free to make choices that suit your personality.

The recent video game masterpiece Detroit: Become Human collects and displays stats on player decisions. I’m able to view a decision tree showing my path through the game, complete with the percentage of others around the world who made the same decisions. In theory, we might receive something similar at the end of our lives—perhaps Judgement Day is simply a final decision tree?

With modern AI algorithms, these decision trees can be linked to information about the player, so as to build a psycho-type and predict player behavior in the future. The decisions people make inside video games are extremely valuable—in fact, they’re undervalued at present. I would love to acquire these statistics for prospective employees, so as to select only the most righteous and suitable for each role.

Still, there’s currently no market for this data, and of course, the ethical guidelines of such hiring practices have yet to be established.

Quests within games sometimes pose odd ethical dilemmas. As an example, let’s consider a popular side quest in Assassin’s Creed called “Age is Just a Number.” Outside the Sanctuary of Delphi, a mature, married woman challenges the player to procure ingredients for a stimulating elixir that will help her husband satisfy her constant cravings. Later, the player is given an option to offer themselves as the solution while the relieved husband waits outside. If the objective of the game is to maximize points, an AI agent playing the game will choose rationally and satisfy the woman. However, many humans are likely to pass on the opportunity. Detailed global statistics from this scene could result in a fascinating, high-impact research paper that evaluates factors contributing to ageism.

As humans, achieving a new level of recursion should help us become better rather than worse.

In a time of tremendous profusion and change, where should you start?

My advice: Live this life as if you’re in a video game.

Imagine that as you progress through your day, all your decisions are monitored and recorded. Most religious people already subscribe to this idea. Try a recent video game, like Detroit: Become Human, and assume that your choices will be available to spectators and friends when you come out of the game.

How will you play? This approach will require a more stringent moral and ethical framework than any religion or philosophy can provide.

In the game of life, an optimal strategy should take into account the common good. At the same time, we must find a universal metric to evaluate our performance as we play.


REPLIKA: Self-Help Chat Bot Friend, Replika App Developers test A.I with self-awareness skill in A.R. mode.

Replika PIPER in A.R. BETA
2021 Schedule

2021 Schedule

The Major topic of 2020 was of course centered around the Pandemic, Employment, and Presidential Elections. Nothing is certain, all schedules revolve around the actions of the people it pertains to.


2021 (MMXXI) will be an average year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2021st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 21st year of the 3rd millennium, the 21st year of the 21st century, and the 2nd year of the 2020s decade.

The United Nations has declared 2021 as the International Year of Peace and Trust, the International Year of Creative Economy for Sustainable Development, the International Year of Fruits and Vegetables, and the International Year for the Elimination of Child Labour.

2021 is cataloged to entertain the most significant events for 2020, including the Eurovision Song Contest, UEFA Euro 2020, 2020 Summer Olympics, and Expo 2020, but rescheduled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

January (months)  The Workers’ Party of Korea assemble its 8th Congress in North Korea.

January 1 – Munster Technological University to open in Ireland.

January 3 – The 117th United States Congress to convene and certify the Electoral College results of the 2020 United States presidential election.

January 20 – Joe Biden initiated for a four-year term as President of the United States, along with Kamala-Harris as Vice President.

January 23 – The Democratic Party of Socialists to convene its 8th Special Congress in Montenegro, the first one after it falls from power, after ruling the country for 30 years.

January 31 –  The 63rd Annual Grammy Awards will occur in the United States.


February 7 – Super Bowl LV to be held at Raymond James Stadium in Tampa Bay, Florida, in the United States.

February 28 – The 78th Golden Globe Awards occurs in the United States.

MARCH 2021

March 8 – A murder trial for the officers involved in the murder of George Floyd while on duty. 

March 17 – The Dutch General Elections for the House of Representatives of the Netherlands are scheduled to occur.

APRIL 2021

April 18 – The 2021 Finnish Municipal elections in Finland.

April 19 – Raúl Castro resigns as First Secretary of the Cuban Communist Party, ending 62 years of rule by the Castro brothers in Cuba.

April 25 – The 93rd Academy Awards in Los Angeles.

MAY 2021

May 6 – The United Kingdom holds a range of regional elections, including polls to the Welsh Parliament, the Scottish Parliament, the London Assembly, and London’s mayorship.

May 18 – 22 – Eurovision Song Contest 2021 in Rotterdam, Netherlands, following the cancellation of the 2020 competition due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

May 20 – June 12  2021 FIFA U-20 World Cup in Indonesia.

May 26 – The second-shortest total lunar eclipse of the 21st century will occur, lasting just 14 minutes and 30 seconds long.

June 10 – Annular solar eclipse.

June 11 – July 11 – The UEFA Euro 2020 across Europe, and the 2021 Copa América to be held in Argentina and Colombia. Both competitions rescheduled for June 12, 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

June 18 – Israel is scheduled to hold a presidential election.

July 3 – August 7 – The British and Irish Lions begin their tour to South Africa.

July 23 – August 8 – 2020 Summer Olympics scheduled in Tokyo, Japan and rescheduled from July 24, 2020, due to COVID-19 pandemic.

September 1 – Singapore plans to prohibit the ivory trade on this date.

September 5 – The Hong Kong Special Administration Region in China is scheduled to hold an election for the Legislative Council. 2021 Dutch Grand Prix formula 1.

September 13 – Norway plans a parliamentary election. All seats in the Norwegian Storting will be up for election.

October 1 – The 2020 World Expo to take place. Rescheduled from October 20, 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

October 1 – October 31 – The Russian Federation plans to hold a nationwide census.

October 22 – Japan holds a general election for the House of Representatives.

October 23 – November 27 – The 2021 Rugby League World Cup \ take place in England.

October 24 – Germany scheduled to hold a federal election for the Bundestag no later than this date.

October 31 – NASA, the European Space Agency, the Canadian Space Agency, and the Space Telescope Science Institute plan to launch the James Webb Space Telescope, a successor to the Hubble Space Telescope.

November  Planned launch of NASA’s Artemis 1 mission to the Moon, the first integrated flight of the agency’s Orion MPCV and Space Launch System (SLS) rocket.

November 1 – November 12 – The 2021 UN Climate Change Conference occur in Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, rescheduled from November 9, 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

December 4 – Total solar eclipse will occur on the track of totality. 


  • The Polish Parliament assigned several patrons for the year 2021 so that 2021 is to be known as the Stanisław Lem Year, Stefan Wyszyński Year, Cyprian Norwid Year, Krzysztof Kamil Baczyński Year, Tadeusz Różewicz Year, as well as the Constitution of May 3 Year in Poland.
  • The European Union will abolish daylight saving time.
  • The National Institute for Health Protection will begin operations in the United Kingdom.
  • GB News, a 24-hour television news channel, will begin broadcasting in the United Kingdom.
  • The television network France 4 will cease broadcasting in France.
  • China will begin the construction of a large modular space station.
  • Armenia holds a constitutional referendum.
  • The Large Hadron Collider will recommence operations after a period of renovations.
  • Brood X, the enormous brood of North American seventeen-year cicadas in the US, will emerge for the first time since 2004.
  • Costa Rica becomes an entirely carbon-neutral nation (date set by President Óscar Arias) and bans “single-use” plastic products (date set by President Luis Guillermo Solís).
  • The Grand Egyptian Museum, described as the largest archaeological museum globally, is expected to be completed.
  • Science first light of the Vera C. Rubin Observatory is anticipated 2021, with full science operations to begin a year later.
  • Plan S, an initiative for open-access science publishing launched in 2018, requires that from 2021 papers from over 10 European countries that resulted from research funded by public grants must be published under an open license in compliant journals or platforms, available to all.
  • The Indian Space Research Organisation plans to launch the Chandrayaan-3 moon mission in March 2021.

Unpredictable : The Universe; 6 likely possibilities 

this 2021 year will be different since the pandemic is occuring globally still. Based on the vaccine, and the rate of disease eradication these scheduled events may be changed or warped to a different situation.


“Trinidad and Tobago: The ILO Collaborates with the Ministry of Labour to Host Virtual Training Workshop on Child Labour.” MENA Report, Albawaba (London) Ltd., Dec. 2020.

The Future (2079 Scenario) | Future | Fandom.

2021 – Wikipedia.

Planner January 2021 Calendar Excel – 2021 Calendar.

Donegal Senior Football Championship – Wikipedia.




  1. The aggregate economy will be better in 2021 than in 2020. This is a fairly easy call. It looks like total production of products and services will drop 4 or 5 percent in 2020. Most of the damage was done in the spring, and the economy has rebounded nicely in the second half of the year. However, the resurgence of the virus at the end of 2020 and the re-emergence of some economic restrictions in the country will cause growth to be slow, or slightly negative, at the end of 2020. REFERENCE <- Click for source

2. Unemployment will drop, but not all the way. A little more than half of the jobs lost from the COVID-19 recession have been recovered. The official unemployment rate has fallen to near 6 percent from the mid-teens levels in the spring. This is the good news. Yet in looking ahead to 2021’s job market, there are several worries.

“One is the jobs that have come back have not all been the ones that were lost. Businesses are revamping their hiring and shifting away from tasks requiring in-person contact. This means many jobless people today will need to take different jobs with different skill needs. Some companies will provide on-the-job training, but others will require formal training, such as at community colleges. There’s also the worry about jobless people who aren’t counted as unemployed because they haven’t been actively looking for work. Counting them as jobless means the actual unemployment rate is closer to 8 percent. A year from now the jobless rate will still be above 5 percent.”

3. There will be upward pressure on inflation and interest rates. As the economy recovers and spending increases, the massive amounts of money the Federal Reserve has injected into the economy will recycle faster. If the quantity of products and services don’t keep up, the situation described by the late economist Milton Friedman of “too many dollars chasing too few goods” will push the rise in prices (inflation) higher, possibly close to 3 percent. The Federal Reserve would likely respond by also raising interest rates.

4. Income inequality will widen. Rising income inequality has been a big issue in the 21st century. It results when incomes of top earners rise faster than incomes of lower paid earners. One of the reasons for the recent widening of income inequality is the replacement of many modestly-paid jobs by machines and technology. The pandemic will accelerate this trend.

5. Federal taxes will increase. Federal government debt — also known as the “national debt” — ballooned by more than $4 trillion in 2020, and another COVID-19 aid package could boost the amount to $5 trillion. Add to this the facts that federal taxes were cut in 2017 and the new Biden Administration wants some new spending initiatives, and the stage is set for pressure to begin to “put the federal fiscal house in order” in 2021 by increasing federal taxes. The most likely candidates for hikes are the corporate income tax and the personal income tax rates paid by higher-income taxpayers.

6. North Carolina will out-perform the national economy. The North Carolina economy and people have suffered mightily from both the COVID-19 virus and resulting recession. Yet several metrics show job losses and deaths on a per capita basis have been much better than in many other states.

This means North Carolina will come out of the pandemic with its reputation intact as a great state in which to live and work. In fact, the state’s economic brand may be enhanced. Households and businesses looking to leave states where the pandemic was more devastating will see North Carolina as an option for a new home. I predict growth rates in both economic output and employment in North Carolina will be better than in the nation in 2021.

7. New economic opportunities will arise in North Carolina. There will be significant reshuffling of the economic deck after the pandemic that will create new industries and expand others.

One area for growth is “supply chains.” A supply chain is simply a set of companies making inputs — or supplies — for companies making final products you and I buy. In the pre-pandemic world many of these supply chains were in foreign countries. The pandemic taught us such supply chains can be vulnerable if a virus hits a foreign country, even if leaving our country immune. Consequently, there will be an effort to rebuild domestic supply chains. With North Carolina’s large manufacturing sector, our state could benefit from investments in these chains.

Another need made obvious by the pandemic is to increase the nation’s self-sufficiency in medical supplies, from gowns to masks to ventilators to medicines. With our state’s tradition in textiles, manufacturing and pharmaceuticals, North Carolina is a “natural” for this production.

2021 will still be a challenging year. Even by year’s end we won’t be completely recovered from COVID-19. What will the 2021 economy look like?

AUTHOR NOTE: Do my seven predictions make sense? You decide.

Walden is a William Neal Reynolds Distinguished Professor and Extension Economist in the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics at North Carolina State University who teaches and writes on personal finance, economic outlook and public policy.


ROBYN COBB Canadian-American Author of Historical Literature

  • Who will

    There will be upward pressure on inflation and interest rates. As the economy will attempt to recover after the desctruction of the political and social system by Donald Trump former president 2016-2020. Efforts show slow recovers and spending increases but not by the amount expected, rise in jobs for marketing, programming, design, software, photography, and at home secretaries. America will be “broke” due to lack of preparation and no clear Stimulus payout plan. The massive amounts of money the Federal Reserve has injected into the economy will recycle faster. If the quantity of products and services don’t keep up, the situation described by the late economist Milton Friedman of “too many dollars chasing too few goods” will push the rise in prices (inflation) higher, possibly close to 3 percent. The Federal Reserve would likely respond by also raising interest rates.

  • Biden will make sure pay is fair and minimum wage is a standard per area. Biden will have to raise taxes most likely, but unlike previous presidents will do what he can to make sure everyone is accounted for.

  • Most importantly, efforts to stop Global Warming as its now a national emergency says Biden. The truth is it’s an extreme emergency Globally. Efforts from all countries will need to arise. Possible that Poland responsible for government attacks, and Chinese government becomes greedy using up resources for all of the world and cutting off trade.

  • Automated and A.I therapists, chatbot friends, doctors, surgeons, etc. make their breakthrough- ease of life goes from 0 to 10. Increases in happiness. Losses for Big Pharma. Investors of Bitcoin will see their stats have increased enormously and the biggest and best job for younger generations will be to write, and to game. Need for gamer critiques, gamers, and game testers. EA offers these on their website.

  • The start of the Fall Of Big Banks- with paypal, venmo, cash app, bitcoin, apple, and many, many “online banks” people will see the benefits. A huge increase in learning to trust one another (like us canadians do)

  • Borders will open and Canada will have huge amounts of latino and Americans migrate. Canada will thrive from the mixture. Americans and Canadians will finally become interbred and widely known.

  • A TON of parenting help, resources, samples etc. Basically everyone got pregnant.

  • Solar System expansion, and Europe and Asia get close to collision moving 5cm closer to each other annually.

  • More information will be discovered about Dark Matter. Additionally the holes on the sun will expand, the moon will get closer to earth, and if nothing intervenes then the lunar eclipse may be the last for humans.

  • While neighbors are finally learning what “being nice” is. I will be busy teaching everyone Canadian Values. (this part I know is true). Major Major improvements in Animal Welare. Not only will cow be prohibited in the future (maybe not now) but nutrition is HUGE in the Veterinary and Human media. If we’re lucky we will see an end to RX drug addictions.

  • America will, finally, after all these years restore it’s name with even better values as a Country who looks out for each other, a country of citizens who think nothing less than to smile at one another and be friendly. We will stop being pessimistic and start seeing the world for what it is. The year of peace and trust.

  • Trump will disappear. Everyone will forget about him, but me. Someone like Donald Trump does NOT give up, and if they have to, they fight and if they lose the fight they build a plan. Should we be worried 2024?

Published December 20th 7:23pm CT the taco talk – Cobb inc.

after watching this, your brain will not be the same.

after watching this, your brain will not be the same.

The talent you will see is unbelievable if you teach yourself to read and write more but also teach teach others.  We find out so much about the universe we never thought possible when we read about experiences and/or the universe itself.

I’ve been writing since I was a child. I remember writing a 6-page paper (lined paper) in third grade about ghosts and haunted houses and my friends and the scary lady. I’m not much of a grammar person; I seem to do well in photography and literature naturally.

Other subjects I learn and still have a hard time grasping.  I was in lower math in high school, but both my parents are accountants.  I can’t hear as well in my left ear, and it’s just now, I’m seeing the parallels between having surgery as a child and the formation of the left side of my brain.

When I was six months old, I had a rare ailment. It’s called ectopic neural tissue, and it’s an excess or part of brain tissue that grows somewhere other than your head. It’s a congenital disability that I was fortunate to get fixed.  My parents noticed a small lump that was appearing on my neck’s left side was not getting smaller but growing.  It was proliferating, and causing me to lose weight, and I struggled to breathe.  Eventually, sooner rather than later, the growing ectopic neural tissue would completely cover my throat, and I would have suffocated to death. 

The lump was growing, daily, weekly, and monthly and eventually, I couldn’t breathe.  My parents had taken me to  many doctors, and none could help until the day I should have suffocated- I was saved by a scientific man with a creative mind.  I was saved by a genius brain because this particular doctor used skills I don’t see in Veterinary Medicine often, creativity, and common sense  to come up with the idea to invent a tool small enough to fit in my neck.  He envisioned this tool in his mind, thus, making it real.

 If you can dream it, you can believe it.

At six months, the lump had become and emergency as it grew too  close to everything on my heads left hemisphere near my eyes, ears, and nose, without the doctor who invented this microscopic sized surgical instrument, I would have slowly died infront of my family by suffocation.  This is because in 1990 there were no instruments small enough to save me.  Inventing a tiny tool that was small enough to extract the tissue in surgery from my tiny neck was him “just doing” he didn’t think, he didn’t wonder, he just tried to find the answer to a question, while the other doctors didn’t bother to try and fix anything.  The problem in society is once we get a degree we become all-assuming.  Doctors tend to think they know all there is to know since they graduated.  Science is endlessly learning.  There is no way to know everything, and humans barely know enough about science as it stands alone.  Learning is life long and this particular doctor use creativity and quick thinking.   He is the  why I’m here today.  This story is why you should consider reading.    

Other doctors had said nothing was wrong or they don’t know the diagnosis. This doctor created the diagnosis and the cure. Just because the doctors didn’t know what was wrong with me didn’t mean nothing was wrong. It’s the inability to be vulnerable and the craving to follow, not lead, and caring too much what people think of you and your reputation that blind you from actually thinking about the fact that peoples lives are in your hands.  I see it everywhere, in every human being, but not learning?  Well that’s just stupid.  No pun intended.  To read is to learn to learn is to write to write is to share to share is to save the world. The doctor who created the tool on my neck is a genius. He may have been the worst student, the crazy kid, perhaps suffers from drug and alcohol problems, who knows. A genius is simply someone that invents a mad idea. They try and try and try until something works.  A genius researches and asks why to absolutely everything.  They’re curious by nature, and find solutions to worldwide problems because they cant rest until something fits in their heads and they figure incredible things out. They love one thing for sure. Asking the question, how come? To everything and everyone. It understands the combination of the present and the things you’ve learned in the past that allow you to create or envision something.

I don’t know what it’s like not to be able to write or dream, but I do know what it’s like not to be able to count ounderstand numbers.  I think having Alexa, or Siri, or any assistant is very helpful.  You have google at the tip of your fingers.   Nothing should be an argument.

I know genius,’ “potentials” but they aren’t truly genius’ because they aren’t industrious. You have to have a mad imagination to figure out something like the idea of gravity. Good job, Newton.

You are not going to be good at every skill you try, and that is  okay! Does it suck that I can’t sing? Really, not at all. Now I know, and I do it for fun anyway. There’s a difference between trying to achieve the impossible and daydreaming. I know me, I know my capabilities, I can’t be everything I want to be. Sadly, I am very good at a few things, and I spread myself thin and spattered all over the place, and I feel this sort of every day is a different project day.

My WordPress blog doesn’t have a niche. My writing is multi versed. It’s impossible to choose just one thing for me to discuss. Trying to cover the topics I care about and I know about.  Being a scientist, and a creative writer?  Well, I just pictured myself doing it.  So it’s going to happen.

I’m a non actively working Veterinary Nurse, cat and dog behavior expert, Veterinary Medicine educated, Photographer, Writer, Reader, and Graphic Designer.

I run 17 different Facebook pages. Seventeen. One has over 1k, and the others are touch and go. I have too much to do, and this is anxiety at it’s finest.  I don’t even remember making a lot of them, that’s how many ideas flow through my brain.

What I’ve noticed is that everyone being home (pandemic couch lock) is the opposite of me, and I’m unemployed. They do their work either in the office or at home then watch depressing shit until it’s time for bed.


Again, it can read, it can write, and it can listen.  You have to treat your brain with care, and I promise investigative discoveries murder shows bring absolutely no value to your life. 

Stop living to survive and live because you’re here! That’s scarce chances that you, specifically DNA wise, exist here on planet earth.

What if you are not miserable?  I mean you feel miserable, maybe, but that’s this moment.  What if you could just do what you wanted?

One year ago, today, I went through a tragedy where I had to surrender one of my dogs. Anyone that knows me knows that that could damn near kill me. It does still. It was also something that got me to quit drinking, go to therapy (online therapy bots), and live for the sake of living, not just for surviving. Like everything I’ve ever owned, I lost all my belongings, but nothing could hurt me more than losing my puppy. I raised my dog as a puppy, and the thought of her in a shelter destroyed me. Though the circumstances were unchangeable even to a Veterinary Professionals degree, it’s a wake-up call to some other actions that lead to the event of losing my pet. I had to think about what I was doing in my life that made my life horrible. I sat down with a notebook and wrote about my past couple of years. Reading back to myself, it seemed like I wasn’t reading my own words. I reread it the next day, and it was also like someone telling my story- I even used a word I don’t understand but in the correct way. Then it dawned on me. My subconscious mind can only read and write and listen.

What messages did I need to tell myself?  What messages HAVE I been missing?

 This past year, quitting alcohol and avoiding patterns has been the most significant year of my life. I don’t take any day for granted anymore. I stay ahead of the trends. Talk to me in person, I can’t explain how to use a mousepad, but my subconscious mind could write you a technical essay. It’s time to put your conscious mind to sleep for a bit. Ever get gut feelings or intuitions? That’s your subconscious. If your conscious mind is blocking you, then you need to trick yourself into learning something. It would be best if you were a teacher and a student. Anything can be fun. Have you ever cleaned and blasted feel-good pop music? Youl be dancing all over the place.  

We do not have enough writers in the world. Truly. We are missing things in society, especially in technological advances and IBM, because we’re all distracted by the ad our phones gave us. Is your life shitty? Then fix it. That’s my only answer, and it’s probably right. Look outside of the news.  Actually, fuck the news.  Don’t even watch that garbage.  Do something mentally feel good.  Watch Rick and Morty.

I can’t expect everyone to be as refreshing as me as again, I am an animated human being, I’ve always had too much energy, but I find people and strangers so interesting. It does confuse me why we naturally seem not to listen or do anything we know we should. How we don’t trust our neighbors, but we trust big corporations.  I love my iphone but I know that Steve Jobs wasn’t a good guy.  He was just a genius’.

If you read a little each day, you will, by pattern, learn it as a habit after 23 days and by 90 days have it engraved into you. Read ONE page of a book every day. Just one. 23 days straight. Then if you hate it, give up. I think youll love eventually reading  books. Reading is how we learn, and learning is fun when you’re a big kid like me. I’m bored of Donald Trump and all that junk- Dear ABC7 LAMEO’S tell me more about the artificial intelligent machine that is expected to understand the language of Dolphins and their secrets.  Now that, is some cool ass news.

Don’t bite off more than you can chew.   Like my dad always said: “Inch by inch life is a cinch, yard by yard life is hard.” No one wants to read. Reading was a taught skill, and books are personal because you need to read ones that cater to you, that fit your timeline of life. Being forced to read has created a society of anti-readers, which breeds nothing. We need more writers, and EVERYONE can write.

No one wants to do things unless they want to do it for  themselves.  Learning, do you want to learn?  If you tell me to do something, it’s a chore; if you dust and make it look neat, I’m going to want to try it. It would help if you liked the things you desire. Because if you don even take steps to get there, it won’t happen.

There is never going to be a time where everything you dream comes true because you sat around and didn’t even bother to do anything about your circulating thoughts. You have to just literally start. 5,4,3,2,1…

Whether you want my suggestions, or the random fortune cookie- pick a random prompt in a word of wisdom book, do not change it, it has to be written without you knowing how to write it.  I want you to meet your subconscious mind.  You wont meet your subconscious mind until you let it speak for itself.  What are you doing the next 12 minutes?

I started the 12-minute creative writing prompt with my boyfriend. He’s an excellent writer; from listening to him, I could tell. He never could jumpstart until he did. We were doing activities (love coloring), and I told him to write about a creative topic for ten minutes, and he could stop. He wrote for 12 minutes, and 12 more.

I’m proud to help anyone who needs a prompt and a coach as I’ll be adding the stories to my page if whoever is writing consents in honor of learning to write by just starting. I just demonstrated how to do it. I may even publish this without rereading or running it through Grammarly. [update 9:15 pm ran through Grammarly. Over 103 suggestions! Lucky I’m a writer, not a proofreader.]

 Make your next moment a different moment, because all we are is this moment

Comment, and I will give you a prompt; we can do this.

and here I present, the first, of what I hope is many, 12 minute creative challenge submission.

Title: Be prepared to lose once in a while

Written by anonymously submitting

December 18th, 2020

Shit, I’ve been losing for a long time. It’s almost as if the day I officially graduated college; I gave up. I didn’t care about finding a new job or moving out of my parent’s house. I would give up on every idea I had.

It didn’t help that I wasn’t getting laid ever.

Then again, I barely tried.

I’ve lost at most things in life. Positions, sports, competitions, school, friendships, deals, relationships…holy shit, it’s four in the morning.

For the first time in a while, I’m not losing. I wish I could be more creative with this.

Why We Sleep; A Wakeup Call

Why We Sleep; A Wakeup Call

“After thirty years of intensive research, we can now answer many of the questions posed earlier. The recycle rate of a human being is around sixteen hours. After sixteen hours of being awake, the brain begins to fail. Humans need more than seven hours of sleep each night to maintain cognitive performance. After ten days of just seven hours of sleep, the brain is as dysfunctional as it would be after going without sleep for twenty-four hours. Three full nights of recovery sleep (i.e., more nights than a weekend) are insufficient to restore performance back to normal levels after a week of short sleeping. Finally, the human mind cannot accurately sense how sleep-deprived it is when sleep-deprived.”

― Matthew Walker, Why We Sleep: Unlocking the Power of Sleep and Dreams

When we go to bed and wake up, our work, study, and social commitments are generally determined. So, for most people who operate or think on a 9 a.m. decoration, a ‘regular’ sleep schedule would probably involve going to bed between 10 p.m. and midnight and getting up between 6 a.m. Victims of circadian rhythm sleep disturbances possess circadian timekeepers that exist non synchronized amid such a ‘normal’ slumber schedule; instead, their collection time-marker advises them to rest and rise up through very complex chronologies. This relationship between their circadian clock and social time (local light/dark cycles) is unusual… 

A circadian rhythm sleep dysfunction is comparable to having persistent jet lag – a misalignment among the body timekeeper, the political time-marker time, and the sun/dark cycle. This manages to sink numb when we need to stay sleeping, feeling fully rested, and feeling sleepy during waking hours. 

Victims of high-level sleep phase dysfunction have an ‘early’ circadian timekeeper; they appear sluggish and need to go bed near the early night (6 p.m. to 9 p.m.) and rise up fresh hours of the morning (2 a.m. Consequently, they may have been conscious several hours before they go to work and may not function properly or be intelligent. People will also undergo somnolence throughout the late midday/early night, transforming their social experiences. These sort of sleep deprivation or circadian rhythm victimization are harmful not only to one’s social situations but to their mental state as well… 

In contrast, sufferers of delayed sleep phase disorder have a ‘late’ circadian clock; they cannot fall asleep until the early hours of the morning (4 a.m. to 6 a.m.) and consequently will not awake till approximate midday. This malady can produce it challenging for the person to get to a job or university on time. If people can arise up in time, they will probably not have had enough sleep and will not be alert or function well. This vessel leads to becoming fatigued… 

People with ‘free-running’ hibernation guides will encounter a progressive stream each day they go into bed and awaken up. That occurs because our circadian timekeeper does not run at accurately 24 ampere-hours. It works imperceptibly increased or imperceptibly. Environmental shine beacons at specific periods of the day are necessary to fix it to operate at 24 hours. In several circumstances, certain daytime flags may not be obtained or conjectured. So the circadian timekeeper runs at its individual pace. In people with timekeepers more abundant than 24 ampere-hours, the insistence goes to bed and get up progressively later every day also shift unsynchronised to geologic time. 

The scene or position a person discovers themselves can cause temporary circadian-related sleep complications, such as jet lag. Nighttime shift operators can also fight to accommodate their altered sleep schedule competently during the day. They frequently strive to maintain daytime connections and communicative engagements and their shift job design. This affects their physique timepiece to be enduringly misaligned with their desired rest patterns… 

Some pathological diseases are also affiliated with disrupted sleep designs—for example, blind people with no light perspicacity bear free-running sleep patterns. At the same time, the body timekeeper makes no notice of any environmental radiation signs. So the timer flows toward its private pace. Because the inclination to rest streams crosswise the 24-hour daylight, individuals are alert at night and drowsy during the day, which can be problematical to working to work or class. 

Medically related sleep dysfunctions are a big problem and should be addressed right away. The cause of sleep deprivation is not only likely fatal to you but could be harmful to others around you. Below is a video of a book read aloud by a doctor and sleep prof. “Why We Sleep. I urge you, especially the medicated, to watch this. .”

Photo by Fabricio Trujillo on



worried you may have a sleep issue? See what Dr. Walker says to solve the issues.

<p style="font-size:80px" value="<amp-fit-text layout="fixed-height" min-font-size="6" max-font-size="72" height="80">"YOU ARE 3X MORE LIKELY TO SOLVE A PROBLEM IF YOU SLEEP ON IT."“YOU ARE 3X MORE LIKELY TO SOLVE A PROBLEM IF YOU SLEEP ON IT.”

The Study Of Dogs

The Study Of Dogs

The dog (Canis Familiaris when considered a separate species or Canis lupus familiaris when considered a subspecies of the wolf) is a domestic carnivore of the species Canidae. It is part of the wolf-like canids and is the most widely sufficient mundane carnivore. 

Dog (Canis lupus familiaris) at Gubbeen, Co. Cork, Republic of Ireland

The dog and the surviving gray wolf are sibling taxa as new wolves are not similarly related to the first domestic wolves, which signifies that the dog’s literal ancestor is extinct.

 The dog was the first species to be domesticated and has been selectively reproduced over utopias for various sensible capabilities and physical properties. Their long bond with humans has influenced dogs to be uniquely tuned to human behavior, and all can thrive on a starch-rich diet that would be inadequate for other canids. 

Dogs vary widely in shape, size, and colors. They fulfill many roles for humans, such as sporting, herding, dragging loads, security, assisting police and military, company, and, more recently, aiding disabled people, and remedial roles. This impact on human society has given them the moniker of “man’s best friend.”

A brief history of dogs by the National Geographic


In 1758, the Swedish botanist and zoologist Carl Linnaeus published in his Systema Naturae the binomial nomenclature – or the two-word naming – of species. Canis is the Latin word meaning “dog,” and under this genus, he listed the dog-like carnivores, including domestic dogs, wolves, and jackals. He classified the domestic dog as Canis familiaris, and on the next page, he ranked the wolf as Canis lupus. Linnaeus considered the dog to be a separate species from the wolf because its cauda recurvata – its upturning tail is not found in any other canid.

“Carl Linneaus”

 In 1999, a study of mitochondrial DNA indicated that the domestic dog might have originated from various grey wolf communities. The dingo and New Guinea singing dog “breeds” had developed when human neighborhoods were more segregated from another.

 In the third edition of Mammal Species of the World published in 2005, the mammalogist W. Christopher Wozencraft posted under the wolf Canis lupus its wild subspecies also offered two additional subspecies: “familiaris Linneaus, 1758 [domestic dog]” and “dingo Meyer, 1793 [domestic dog]”. 

Wozencraft included Hallstromi– the New Guinea singing dog – as a taxonomic equivalent for the dingo. Wozencraft related to the mDNA study as one of the leads informing his decision.

 Other mammalogists have remarked the formation of familiaris and dingo under a “domestic dog” clade. That classification by Wozencraft is disputed between zoologists. In 2019, a workshop hosted by the IUCN/Species Survival Commission’s Canid Specialist Group recognized the New Guinea singing dog and the dingo to be feral dogs. 

Canis familiaris should not be assessed for the IUCN Red List.

Origin of dogs

The domestic dog’s ancestry includes its genetic difference from the wolf, its domestication, including its evolution into dog groups and dog classes.

The dog is a member of the genus Canis, which forms part of the wolf-like canids, and was the first species and the only large carnivore to have been domesticated.

 Genetic studies comparing dogs with modern wolves show correlative monophyly (separate groups), signifying that dogs are not genetically close to any living wolf and that their wild ancestor is extinct. An extinct Late Pleistocene wolf may have been the dog’s ancestor, with the dog’s similarity to the extant grey wolf being the result of genetic admixture between the two. In 2020, a literature review of canid domestication stated that modern dogs were not descended from the same Canis lineage as modern wolves and propose that dogs be descended from a Pleistocene wolf closer in size a village dog. The genetic divergence between dogs and wolves occurred between 20,000 and 40,000 years ago, just before or during the Last Glacial Maximum (20,000–27,000 years ago). This period represents the upper time-limit for domestication commencement because it is the time of divergence and not domestication, which occurred later. One of the most critical transitions in human history was the domestication of animals, which began with the long-term association between wolves and hunter-gatherers more than 15,000 years ago. The archaeological record and genetic analysis show the remains of the Bonn–Oberkassel dog buried beside humans 14,200 years ago to be the first undisputed dog, with disputed remains occurring 36,000 years ago. By 11,000 years ago, there were five distinct dog lineages, all sharing a common ancestry different from present-day wolves.


Domestic dogs have been selectively bred for millennia for various functions, sensory capabilities, and physical attributes. Contemporary dog breeds exhibit more numerous differences in size, appearance, and behavior than any other domestic animal. 

Dogs are predators and scavengers; like many other predatory mammals, the dog has powerful muscles, large and sharp claws and teeth, fused wrist bones, a cardiovascular system that supports both sprinting and endurance, and teeth for catching and tearing.

Size and weight

Dogs are highly variable in height and weight. The smallest known adult dog was a Yorkshire Terrier, which stood only 6.3 centimeters (2 1⁄2 inches) at the shoulder, 9.5 cm (3 3⁄4 in) in length along the head-and-body, and weighed only 113 grams (4 ounces). The most massive known dog was a Saint Bernard, which weighed 167.6 kg (369 1⁄2 lb) and was 250 cm (8 ft 2 in) from the snout to the tail. The tallest dog is a Great Dane that stands 106.7 cm (3 ft 6 in) at the shoulder.


The dog’s senses include vision, hearing, smell, taste, touch, and sensitivity to the earth’s magnetic field. 

Another study suggested that dogs can see the earth’s magnetic field.


The coats of domestic dogs are of two varieties: “double” being familiar with dogs (as well as wolves) arising from colder climates, made up of a coarse guard hair and a soft down hair, or “single,” with the topcoat only. 

Some breeds may have an occasional “blaze,” stripe, or “star” of white fur on their chest or underside. The Coat can be maintained or affected by multiple nutrients in the diet; view Coat (dog) for more information.

Premature graying can occur in dogs from as early as one year of age; this is shown to be associated with spontaneous behaviors, stress behaviors, fear of noise, and fear of unknown people or animals.


There are many different looking dog tails: straight, straight up, sickle, curled, or cork-screw. As with many canids, one of the primary functions of a dog’s tail is to communicate their emotional state, which can be crucial in getting along with others. 

In some hunting dogs, however, the tail is traditionally docked to avoid injuries. In some breeds, such as the Braque du Bourbonnais, puppies can be born with a short tail or no tail at all.

Differences of domesticated dogs from wolves

Despite their close genetic relationship and interbreeding, several distinguishing features identify the gray wolves from domestic dogs. Domesticated canines are distinct from wolves by polysaccharide gel electrophoresis of red blood cell acid phosphatase. The tympanic bullae are large, arched, and nearly spherical in gray wolves, while the bullae of canines are more modest, compressed, and somewhat crumpled. 

Analyzed with equally sized wolves, dogs tend to have 20% smaller skulls and 30% smaller brains. The teeth of gray wolves are also proportionately more massive than those of dogs. Dogs have a more domed forehead and a distinctive “stop” between the forehead and nose. The temporalis muscle that closes the jaws is more robust in wolves. Wolves do not have dewclaws on their back legs unless there has been admixture with dogs that had them. Most dogs lack a functioning pre-caudal gland and enter estrus twice yearly, unlike gray wolves, which only do so once a year. So-called primitive dogs such as dingoes and Basenjis retain the yearly estrus cycle. Dogs generally have brown eyes, and wolves almost always have amber or light-colored eyes. Domestic dogs’ skin tends to be thicker than that of wolves, with some Inuit tribes favoring the former for use as clothing due to its more excellent resistance to wear and tear in harsh weather. The paws of a dog are half the size of a wolf, and their tails tend to curl upwards, another trait not found in wolves. 

The dog has developed into hundreds of varied breeds and shows more behavioral and morphological variation than any other land mammal.


Many household plants are poisonous to dogs and cats (and other mammals), including Begonia, Poinsettia, and Aloe vera. Some dogs are prone to particular genetic illnesses such as joint and hip dysplasia, blindness, deafness, pulmonic stenosis, cleft palate, and joke knees. 

Two severe medical conditions affecting dogs are pyometra, affecting unspayed females of all types and ages, and gastric dilatation-volvulus (bloat), which affects the larger breeds or deep-chested dogs. Both of these are acute situations and can kill rapidly.

Dogs are also susceptible to parasites such as fleas, ticks, mites, hookworms, tapeworms, roundworms, and heartworms (roundworm species that lives in the heart of dogs).

Several human foods and household human-grade digestible foods are toxic to dogs, including chocolate solids (theobromine poisoning), onion and garlic (thiosulphate, sulfoxide, or disulfide poisoning), grapes and raisins, macadamia nuts, xylitol, as well as various plants and other potentially ingested materials. The nicotine in tobacco can also be dangerous.

Dogs can be endangered to the material by scavenging opened trash bins or ashtrays and consuming cigars and cigarettes. Signs can be vomiting of large amounts (e.g., from eating cigar butts) or diarrhea. Some other symptoms are abdominal pain, loss of coordination, collapse, or death. 

Dogs are susceptible to theobromine poisoning, typically from the ingestion of chocolate. Theobromine is toxic to dogs because, although the dog’s metabolism can break down the chemical, the process is so slow that for some dogs, even small amounts of chocolate can be fatal, mostly dark chocolate.


In 2013, a study found that mixed breed dogs live on average 1.2 years longer than purebred dogs. Increasing body-weight was negatively correlated with longevity (i.e., the heavier the dog, the shorter its lifespan). 

The typical lifespan of dogs varies widely among breeds, but the median longevity, the age at which half the dogs in a population have died and half are still alive, ranges from 10 to 13 years. Individual dogs may live well beyond the median of their breed.

The breed with the shortest lifespan (among species for which there is a questionnaire survey with reasonable sample size) is the Dogue de Bordeaux, with a median longevity of about 5.2 years. Still, several breeds, including miniature bull terriers, bloodhounds, and Irish wolfhounds, are nearly as short-lived, with median longevities of 6 to 7 years.  

The longest-lived breeds, including toy poodles, Japanese spitz, Border terriers, Australian Cattle Dogs, and Tibetan Spaniels, have median longevities of 14 to 15 years. The median longevity of mixed-breed dogs, taken as an average of all sizes, is one or more years longer than that of purebred dogs when all breeds are averaged. 

The longest-lived dog was “Bluey,” an Australian Cattle Dog who died in 1939 at 29.5 years of age.


In domestic dogs, sexual development occurs around six to twelve months of age for both males and females, although this can be delayed until up to two years old for some large breeds, and is the time at which female dogs will have their first estrous cycle. They will experience subsequent estrous cycles semiannually, during which the body prepares for pregnancy.

How Dogs Tell Us What We Need To Know- Barbara Sherman TED talks

 At the peak of the cycle, females will become estrus, mentally and physically sensitive to mating. Because the ova survive and can be fertilized for a week after ovulation, more than one male can sire the same litter.

Fertilization typically happens 2–5 days after ovulation; 14–16 days after ovulation, the embryo attaches to the uterus, and after 7-8 more days, the heartbeat is detectable. Dogs bear their litters roughly 58 to 68 days after fertilization, with an average of 63 days, although the length of gestation can vary. 

An average litter consists of about six puppies, though this number may differ extensively based on canine breed. Overall, toy dogs produce from one to four puppies in each litter, while much larger breeds may average as many as twelve.

Some dog breeds have acquired characteristics through judicious breeding that conflict with breeding. Male French Bulldogs, for example, are unsuited to mounting the female. For many dogs of this breed, the female must be artificially inseminated to reproduce. Additionally, the female will most likely need a C-section due to the breed’s characteristically admired large heads.


Neutering refers to the sterilization of animals, usually by removing the male’s testicles or the female’s ovaries and uterus, to eliminate the ability to procreate and reduce sex drive.

Because of dogs’ overpopulation in some nations, many animal control agencies, such as the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), recommend that dogs not intended for further breeding should be neutered. This way, they do not have undesired puppies that may later be euthanized.

According to the Humane Society of the United States, 3–4 million dogs and cats are euthanized each year. Many more are confined to cages in shelters because there are many more animals than there are homes. Spaying or castrating dogs helps keep overpopulation down. Local humane societies, SPCAs, and other animal protection organizations urge people to neuter their pets and adopt animals from shelters instead of purchasing them.

Neutering reduces problems caused by hypersexuality, especially in male dogs. Spayed female dogs are less likely to develop cancer, affecting mammary glands, ovaries, and other reproductive organs. 

However, neutering increases the risk of urinary incontinence in female dogs, prostate cancer in males, osteosarcoma, hemangiosarcoma, cruciate ligament rupture, obesity, and diabetes mellitus in either sex.

Inbreeding depression

A common breeding practice for pet dogs is mating between close relatives (e.g., between half-and full siblings). Inbreeding crisis is considered to be due mainly to the creation of homozygous unhealthy dormant deviations. Outcrossing in separate canines, including dogs of different breeds, results in the beneficial masking of harmful recessive mutations in offspring.

A study of seven breeds of dogs (Bernese mountain dog, basset hound, Cairn terrier, Epagneul Breton, German Shepherd dog, Leonberger, and West Highland white terrier) found that inbreeding decreases litter size and survival. 

New Age Bully Breed Unable To Reproduce Naturally

Another analysis of data on 42,855 dachshund litters found that as the inbreeding coefficient rose, litter quantity decreased, and the portion of stillborn pups raised, thus revealing inbreeding depression.

 In a study of boxer litters, 22% of puppies died before seven weeks old. Stillbirth was the most common reason for death, attended by disease. 

Mortality due to infection increased significantly with raises in inbreeding.


Dog intelligence is the dog’s capacity to understand information and maintain it as information to solve problems. 

Studies of two dogs propose that dogs can think by understanding and have excellent memory skills. A study with Rico, a border collie, showed that he comprehended the labels of over 200 various things. He understood the names of new items by exclusion learning, including accurately recovering those new items quickly and four weeks after the initial exposure. 

A study of another border collie, “Chaser,” documented his learning and memory capabilities. He had learned the names and could associate by verbal command over 1,000 words. Dogs can read and react appropriately to human body language, such as gesturing and pointing and human voice commands.

A 2018 study on canine cognitive skills found that dogs’ aptitudes remain no more exceptional than those of other creatures, such as horses, chimpanzees, or cats. Various animals, including pigs, pigeons, and chimpanzees, can identify the “what, where, and when” of an affair, which dogs cannot do.  

Dogs show a method of cognizance by meshing in betrayal. An exploratory study displayed compelling proof that Australian dingos can defeat domesticated dogs in non-social problem-solving, symbolizing that domestic dogs may have lost much of their primary problem-solving capabilities once they met humans. 

Another study showed that following support practice to solve a simple administration duty, dogs confronted with an unsolvable version of the same predicament look at the human, while socialized wolves do not.


Dog behavior is the inside regulated responses (actions or inactions) of the domestic dog (individuals or groups) to inner and outer stimuli.

Bane and Athena at the Chicago Dog Beach

 As the oldest domesticated species, with estimations varying from 9,000–30,000 years BCE, dogs’ brains inescapably have transpired fashioned by utopias of contact with people.

 As a result of this environmental and cultural evolution, dogs have earned the ability to recognize and interact with humans more than any other species. They are uniquely attuned to human behaviors. 

Behavioral scientists have revealed a unique set of social-cognitive skills in the family dog. These abilities are not maintained by the dog’s closest canine relatives or other highly sensible mammals such as great apes but relatively alike to children’s social-cognitive skills.

Unlike other domestic species selected for production-related traits, dogs were chosen initially for their behaviors. In 2016, a study found that only 11 fixed genes presented a variety of wolves and dogs. These gene variations were unlikely to have been the outcome of fundamental metamorphosis and show a pick on both morphology and behavior while dogs learned domestication. 

These genes have been shown to affect the catecholamine synthesis pathway, with most of the genes affecting the fight-or-flight response (i.e., selection for tameness) and emotional processing. Dogs generally showed reduced fear and aggression compared with wolves. The genes associated with aggression in some dog breeds indicate their importance in both the initial domestication and next in breed development. 

Traits of high sociability dogs and lack of fear in dogs may include genetic adjustments related to Williams-Beuren syndrome in humans, which cause hyper sociability at the cost of problem-solving intelligence.


Dog communication is how dogs convey information to other dogs, understand messages from humans, and translate the information dogs are transmitting. Communication behaviors of dogs include eye gaze, facial expression, vocalization, body posture (including movements of bodies and limbs), and gustatory communication (scents, pheromones, and taste). Humans communicate with dogs by using vocalization, hand signals, and body posture.

Athena smiling and sleeping


In 2013, an estimated global dog population was between 700 million and 987 million. However, it is known as “dog man’s best friend,” which refers to the >20% of dogs that live in advanced countries.

 In the developing world, dogs are more commonly wild or communally owned, with pet dogs uncommon. Most of these dogs live their lives as scavengers and have never been owned by humans, with one study showing their most common response when approached by strangers is to run away (52%) or react aggressively (11%). 

Little is known about these dogs or the strays in advanced countries that are wild, stray, or live in shelters because most modern research on dog cognition has centered on pet dogs living in human houses.

Competitors and predators

Although dogs are the most sufficient and broadly distributed terrestrial carnivores, feral, and free-ranging dogs’ potential to compete with other noble carnivores is limited by their powerful connection with humans. For example, a review of the studies in dogs’ competitive effects on sympatric carnivores did not discuss any examination on competition in dogs and wolves. 

Although wolves are known to kill dogs, they favor living in pairs or in small packs in spheres where they are numerous, supplying them with a weakness standing large dog groups. Wolves kill dogs wherever they are found together. 

One study reported that in Wisconsin, in 1999, more pay had been compensated for losses due to wolves hunting dogs than for wolves taking livestock. In Wisconsin, wolves will frequently kill tracking dogs, perhaps because they are in the wolf’s region. 

A strategy reported in Russia noted one wolf luring a dog into a large hedge where another, different wolf, waits in ambush. In some instances, wolves have displayed an uncharacteristic fearlessness of people and homes when attacking dogs, to the degree that they must to be beaten off or destroyed.

Although the quantities of dogs killed each year are moderately low, it provokes a concern of wolves invading settlements and farms to take canines, and eradicating dogs to wolves has driven to demands for more liberal wolf hunting laws.

Coyotes and big felines have similarly been known to strike dogs. In particular, leopards have been known to have a liking for dogs and have come known to kill and devour them no matter their size. 


Reports of Tigers in Manchuria, Indochina, Indonesia, and Malaysia have shown many tiger’s likeliness to kill dogs.

Tiger in Manchuria

Striped hyenas are known to kill canines in Turkmenistan, India, and the Caucasus.



Dogs are carnivores or omnivores. Contrasted to wolves, canines from farming communities possess extra copies of amylase and other genetic factors such as those involved in starch digestion that contributes to an increased ability to prosper on a starch-rich regime.

 Also, like humans, some dog breeds produce amylase in their saliva. Based on metabolism and diet, many view the dog to be an omnivore.  

However, the dog is not only an omnivore. Likewise, like the cat and less like other omnivores, the dog can only manufacture bile acid with taurine, and it cannot generate vitamin D, which it receives from animal fat. Also, more like the cat, the dog demands arginine to support its nitrogen balance. These nutritional claims set the dog part-way amidst carnivores and omnivores.


As a domesticated or semi-domesticated animal, the dog is nearly widespread among human societies.

 Notable exceptions once included:

  • Aboriginal Tasmanians, who were separated from Australia before the arrival of dingos on that continent.  
  • The Andamanese, who were isolated when rising sea levels, covered the land bridge to Myanmar.
  • The Fuegians, who instead domesticated the Fuegian dog, a different canid species
  • Individual Pacific islands whose maritime settlers did not bring dogs, or where dogs died out after original settlement, notably: the Mariana Islands, Palau, Marshall Islands, Gilbert Islands, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Tonga, Marquesas, Mangaia in the Cook Islands, Rapa Iti in French Polynesia, Easter Island, Chatham Islands, and Pitcairn Island (settled by the Bounty mutineers, who killed off their dogs to escape discovery by passing ships).
  • Dogs were introduced to Antarctica as sled dogs but were later outlawed by international agreement due to the possible risk of spreading infections.


The domestic dog is the first species and the only large carnivore known to have been domesticated. Especially over the past 200 years, dogs have undergone rapid phenotypic change and were formed into today’s modern dog breeds due to humans’ artificial selection. These breeds can vary in size and weight from a 0.46 kg (1 lb) teacup poodle to a 90 kg (200 lb) giant mastiff. Phenotypic variation can include height measured to the withers ranging from 15.2 cm (6 in) in the Chihuahua to 76 cm (30 in) in the Irish Wolfhound. Color varies from white through grays (usually called “blue”) to black, and browns from light (tan) to dark (“red” or “chocolate”) in a wide variety of patterns; coats can be short or long, coarse-haired to wool-like, straight, curly, or smooth. The skull, body, and limb proportions vary significantly between breeds, with dogs displaying more phenotypic diversity than can be found within carnivores’ entire order. Some species demonstrate outstanding skills in herding, retrieving, scent detection, and guarding, presenting dogs’ functional and behavioral diversity. The first dogs were domesticated from shared ancestors of modern wolves; however, the phenotypic changes that coincided with the dog-wolf genetic divergence are unknown.

Roles with humans

Domestic dogs inherited problematic behaviors, such as bite inhibition, from their wolf ancestors, which would have been pack hunters with complex body language. These sophisticated forms of social cognition and communication may account for their trainability, playfulness, and ability to fit into human households and social situations. These attributes have given dogs a relationship with humans, enabling them to become one of the most successful species today. The dogs’ value to early human hunter-gatherers led to them quickly becoming ubiquitous across world cultures. Dogs perform many roles for people, such as hunting, herding, pulling loads, protection, assisting police and military, companionship, and, more recently, aiding disabled individuals. This influence on human society has given them the nickname “man’s best friend” in the Western world. In some cultures, however, dogs are also a source of meat.

Early roles

Wolves, and their dog descendants, likely derived significant benefits from living in human camps – more safety, more reliable food, lesser caloric needs, and more chance to breed. They would have benefited from humans’ upright gait that gives them a more extensive range over which to see potential predators and prey, and better color vision that, at least by day, gives humans better visual discrimination. Camp dogs would also have benefited from human tool use, bringing down larger prey, and controlling fire for various purposes. Humans would also have derived enormous benefit from the dogs associated with their camps. For instance, dogs would have improved sanitation by cleaning up food scraps. Dogs may have provided warmth, as referred to in the Australian Aboriginal expression “three dog night” (a frigidly cold night). They would have alerted the camp to predators or strangers, using their acute hearing to provide an early warning. It has been suggested that the most significant benefit would have been the use of dogs’ robust sense of smell to assist with the hunt. The relationship between a dog’s presence and success in the pursuit is often mentioned as a primary reason for the domestication of the wolf, and a 2004 study of hunter groups with and without a dog gives quantitative support to the hypothesis that the benefits of cooperative hunting were an essential factor in wolf domestication.

 The cohabitation of dogs and humans likely improved the chances of survival for early human groups. The domestication of dogs may have been one of the fundamental forces that led to social success. 

Human emigrants from Siberia that came across the Bering land bridge into North America likely had dogs in their company. Although one writer even suggests that sled dogs’ use may have been critical to the success of the waves that entered North America roughly 12,000 years ago, the earliest archaeological evidence of dog-like canids in North America dates from about 9,400 years ago. Dogs were an essential part of life for the Athabascan population in North America and were their only domesticated animal. Dogs as pack animals may have contributed to the Apache and Navajo tribes’ migration 1,400 years ago. This use of dogs in these cultures often persisted after the introduction of the horse to North America.

As pets

It is estimated that three-quarters of the world’s dog population lives in the developing world as feral, village, or community dogs, with pet dogs uncommon.” The most widespread form of interspecies bonding occurs between humans and dogs” and the keeping of dogs as companions, particularly by elites, has a long history (see the Bonn–Oberkassel dog). Pet-dog populations grew significantly after World War II as suburbanization increased. In the 1950s and 1960s, dogs were kept outside more often than they tend to be today (the expression “in the doghouse” – recorded since 1932 – to describe exclusion from the group implies a distance between the doghouse and the home) and were still primarily functional, acting as a guard, children’s playmate, or walking companion. 

From the 1980s, there have been changes in the pet dog’s role, such as dogs’ increased role in their human guardians’ emotional support. People and their dogs have become increasingly integrated and implicated in each other’s lives, to the point where pet dogs actively shape how a family and home are experienced.

There have been two significant trends occurring within the second half of the 20th century in pet dogs’ changing status. The first has been the “commodification,” shaping it to conform to social expectations of personality and behavior. The second has been the broadening of the family’s concept and the home to include dogs-as-dogs within everyday routines and practices. A vast range of commodity forms aims to transform a pet dog into an ideal companion. The list of goods, services, and places available are enormous: from dog perfumes, couture, furniture, and housing, to dog groomers, therapists, trainers and caretakers, dog cafes, spas, parks and beaches, and dog hotels, airlines, and cemeteries. While dog training as an organized activity has operated since the 18th century, it became a high-profile issue in the last decades of the 20th century. Many normal dog behaviors such as barking, jumping up, digging, rolling in dung, fighting, and urine marking (which dogs do to establish territory through scent) became increasingly incompatible with a pet dog’s new role. Dog training books, classes, and television programs proliferated as the process of commodifying the pet dog continued.

 Most contemporary dog owners describe their pet as part of the family, although some ambivalence about the relationship is evident in the dog-human family’s popular reconceptualization as a pack. Some dog-trainers, such as on the television program Dog Whisperer, have promoted a dominance-model of dog-human relationships. However, it has been disputed that “trying to achieve status” is characteristic of dog-human interactions. Pet dogs play an active role in family life; for example, a study of conversations in dog-human families showed how family members use the dog as a resource, talking to the dog or talking through the dog; to mediate their interactions with each other.

dogs at dinner

Increasingly, human family-members engage in activities centered on the dog’s perceived needs and interests. The dog is an integral partner, such as dog dancing and dog yoga.

 According to statistics published by the American Pet Products Manufacturers Association in the National Pet Owner Survey in 2009–2010, an estimated 77.5 million people in the United States have pet dogs. The same source shows that nearly 40% of American households own at least one dog, of which 67% own just one dog, 25% two dogs, and almost 9% more than two dogs. 

There does not seem to be any gender preference among dogs as pets, as the statistical data reveal an equal number of female and male dog pets. Although several programs promote pet adoption, less than a fifth of the owned dogs come from shelters.

Some research suggests that a pet dog produces a considerable carbon footprint. A study using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to compare humans and dogs showed that dogs have the same response to voices and use the same brain parts as humans do. This gives dogs the ability to recognize human emotional sounds, making them friendly social pets to humans.


Dogs have lived and worked with humans in many roles. In addition to dogs’ role as companion animals, dogs have been bred for herding livestock (collies, sheepdogs), hunting (hounds, pointers), and rodent control (terriers). Other types of working dogs include search and rescue dogs, detection dogs trained to detect illicit drugs or chemical weapons; guard dogs; dogs who assist fishers with the use of nets; and dogs that pull loads. In 1957, the dog Laika became the first animal to be launched into Earth orbit, aboard the Soviets’ Sputnik 2; she died during the flight. 

Various kinds of service dogs and assistance dogs, including guide dogs, hearing dogs, mobility assistance dogs, and psychiatric service dogs, assist individuals with disabilities. Some dogs owned by people with epilepsy have shown to alert their handler when the handler shows predictions of an impending seizure, sometimes considerably in advance of the attack, providing the guardian to seek safety, medication, or medical care.

Sports and shows

People often enter their dogs in competitions, such as breed-conformation shows or sports, including racing, sledding, and agility competitions.

In conformation shows, also referred to as breed shows, a judge familiar with the specific dog breed evaluates individual purebred dogs for conformity with their established breed type as described in the breed standard. As the breed standard only deals with the dog’s externally observable qualities (such as appearance, movement, and temperament), separately tested qualities (such as ability or health) are not part of the judging in conformation shows.

As food

Canine meat is eaten in some East Asian nations, including Korea, China, and Vietnam, which records back to Athens. It is estimated that 13–16 million dogs are killed and consumed in Asia every year

In China, disputes have happened over forbidding the eating of dog meat. Following the Sui and Tang dynasties of the first millennium, people inhabiting northerly China’s fields started to shun consuming dogs, which is possible due to Buddhism and Islam’s spread, two religions that prohibited the eating of specific creatures, including canine. 

As constituents of the uppermost classes evaded dog meat, it increasingly grew a cultural no-no to eat it, even though the general populace resumed to eat it for hundreds of years afterward.

Different cultures, such as Polynesia and pre-Columbian Mexico, also consumed dog meat in their archives. However, Western, South Asian, African, and Middle Eastern cultures, in common, view dog meat-eating as taboo. 

In some communities, though, such as Poland’s in-country areas, dog fat is acknowledged to have healing characteristics – being good for the lungs, for instance. 

Dog meat is also consumed in some sections of Switzerland. Proponents of eating dog meat have argued that placing a distinction between livestock and dogs is western hypocrisy and that there is no difference in eating different animals’ hearts.

In Korea, the primary reason for breeding the fundamental canine variety raised is for meat, the nureongi (누렁이), which differs from those breeds bred for pets that Koreans may have in their homes. The most popular Korean dog dish is gaejang-guk (also named bosintang), a savory soup intended to replace the body’s heat during summer. Followers of the system claim this is done to ensure good health by balancing their gi or the body’s vital energy. A 19th-century version of gaejang-guk tells that the meal is brewed by boiling dog meat with scallions and chili powder. Varieties of the dish contain chicken and bamboo shoots. While the recipes are yet every day in Korea with a state division, the dog is not as broadly utilized as beef, chicken, and pork.

Health risks to humans

In 2005, the WHO reported that 55,000 people died in Asia and Africa from rabies, a disease for which dogs are the most critical vector. 

Citing a 2008 study, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control estimated in 2015 that 4.5 million people in the USA are bitten by dogs each year. A 2015 study estimated that 1.8% of the U.S. population is bitten each year.

 In the 1980s and 1990s, the U.S. averaged 17 fatalities per year, while since 2007, this has increased to an average of 31. 77% of dog bites are from the pet of family or friends, and 50% of attacks occur on the dog’s legal owner’s property. 

A Colorado study found bites in children were less severe than bites in adults. The incidence of dog bites in the U.S. is 12.9 per 10,000 inhabitants, but for boys aged 5 to 9, the incidence rate is 60.7 per 10,000. Moreover, children have a much higher chance of being bitten in the face or neck. Sharp claws with powerful muscles behind them can lacerate flesh in a scratch that can lead to severe infections.

 In the U.K., between 2003 and 2004, there were 5,868 dog attacks on humans, resulting in 5,770 working days lost in sick leave. 

In the United States, cats and dogs are a factor in more than 86,000 falls each year. It has been estimated that around 2% of dog-related injuries treated in U.K. hospitals are domestic accidents. The same study found that while dog involvement in road traffic accidents was difficult to quantify, dog-associated road accidents involving injury more commonly involved two-wheeled vehicles. 

Toxocara Canis (dog roundworm) eggs in dog feces can cause toxocariasis. In the United States, about 10,000 cases of Toxocara infection are reported in humans each year, and almost 14% of the U.S. population is infected. In Great Britain, 24% of soil samples taken from public parks contained T. canis eggs. Untreated toxocariasis can cause retinal damage and decreased vision. Dog feces can also contain hookworms that cause cutaneous larva in humans.


Canines, or dogs, suffer from common illnesses as people; these cover cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and neurologic dysfunctions. This pathogeny is comparable to humans, as is their acknowledgment of medicine and their outcomes. Researchers are now identifying the genes associated with dog diseases similar to human disorders but lack rodent prototypes to obtain canines and humans.

 The genes affected in canine obsessive-compulsive sicknesses led to discovering four genes in humans’ relevant pathways. The scientific data is jumbled about whether a dog’s company can improve human physical health and cerebral well-being. 

Studies implying that there are advantages to physical health and psychological well-being have been scrutinized for being poorly regulated. It discovered that “the health of elderly people is related to their health habits and social supports but not to their ownership of, or attachment to, a companion animal.” More advanced studies have shown that people that own pet dogs or cats display more excellent subconscious and physical health than those who do not, causing fewer visits to the doctor and implying less likely to be on prescription medication than non-pet owners.

A 2005 paper states, “recent research has failed to support earlier findings that pet ownership is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, reduced use of general practitioner services, or any medications.

 However, research has pointed to significantly less absenteeism from school through sickness among children who live with pets.” In one study, new guardians reported a significant reduction in minor health difficulties throughout the first month following pet possession. This effect was supported in those with dogs through to the end of the study. 

People with pet dogs took considerably more physical exercise than those with cats and those without pets. The results provide evidence that keeping pets may have positive effects on human health and behavior and that for guardians of dogs, these effects are relatively long-term. Pet guardianship has also been associated with increased coronary artery disease survival. Human guardians are significantly less likely to die within one year of an acute myocardial infarction than those who did not own dogs. 

The health benefits of dogs can result from contact with dogs in general, not solely from having dogs as pets. For example, people show reductions in cardiovascular, behavioral, and psychological indicators of anxiety in a pet dog’s presence.

 According to the hygiene hypothesis, other health benefits are gained from exposure to immune-stimulating microorganisms, protecting against allergies and autoimmune diseases.

 The benefits of contact with a dog also include social support, as dogs can provide companionship and social support themselves and act as facilitators of social interactions between humans. One study indicated that wheelchair users experience more positive social interactions with strangers when accompanied by a dog than when they are not. In 2015, a study found that pet owners were significantly more likely to get to know people in their neighborhood than non-pet owners. 

Using dogs and other animals as a part of therapy dates back to the late 18th century when animals were introduced into mental institutions to help socialize patients with mental disorders. Animal-assisted intervention research has shown that animal-assisted therapy with a dog can increase social behaviors, such as smiling and laughing, among people with Alzheimer’s disease. One study demonstrated that children with ADHD and conduct disorders who participated in an education program with dogs and other animals showed increased attendance, increased knowledge and skill objectives, and decreased antisocial and violent behavior compared with those not in an animal-assisted program.


  • Every year, between 6 and 8 million dogs and cats enter U.S. animal shelters. The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) estimates that approximately 3 to 4 million of those dogs and cats are euthanized yearly in the United States. The percentage of dogs in U.S. animal shelters eventually adopted and removed from holes by their new legal owners has increased since the mid-1990s from around 25% to a 2012 average of 40% among reporting shelters (with many shelters reporting 60–75%).
  • Terminology
  • The term dog typically is applied to the species (or subspecies) as a whole and any adult male member.
  • An adult female is a bitch.
  • An adult male capable of reproduction is a stud.
  • An adult female capable of reproduction is a brood bitch.
  • An immature male or female (that is, an animal not yet capable of reproduction) is a puppy.
  • A group of puppies from the same gestation period is a litter.
  • The father of a litter is a sire.
  • The mother of a litter is a dam.
  • A group of three or more adults is a pack.
  • A pack leader is an alpha. Typically a pack will have either an individual alpha or a male-female alpha pair.
  • Pack members subservient to alphas are betas.
  • Pack members subsidiary to all other members are omegas.

Cultural depictions

  • In China, Korea, and Japan, dogs are viewed as suitable protectors.

Mythicism and spirituality

  • In ancient Mesopotamia, of the Old Babylonian era to the Neo-Babylonian, canines were the representation of Ninisina, the goddess of healing and medicine, and her worshippers constantly sanctified miniature figures of seated hounds to her. In the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian days, dogs were used as symbols of charm protection. 
  •  In mythology, canines often serve as pets or as watchdogs. Legends of dogs tending the gates of the netherworld recur throughout Indo-European mythologies and may originate from Proto-Indo-European religion. In Greek mythology, Cerberus is a three-headed watchdog who guards the gates of Hades. In Norse mythology, a bloody, four-eyed dog named Garmr guards Helheim. 
  • In Persian mythology, two four-eyed canines patrol the Chinvat Bridge. 
  • In Welsh mythology, Annwn is shielded by Cŵn Annwn. 
  • In Hindu mythology, Yama, the god of death, holds two watchdogs who have four eyes. They are narrated to guard the gates of Naraka.
  • The hunter god, Muthappan, from the North Malabar area of Kerala, possesses a hunting dog as his mount. Hounds are observed in and out of the Muthappan Temple, and sacrifices at the shrine use the design of bronze dog figurines. 
  • In Philippine mythology, Kimat, the pet of Tadaklan, the god of thunder, is bound for lightning.
  • The dog’s role in Chinese mythology includes a spot as one of the twelve creatures that cyclically describe ages (the zodiacal dog).

Three of the 88 constellations in western astronomy also represent dogs:

  • Canis Major (the Great Dog, whose brightest star, Sirius, is also called the Dog Star)
  • Canis Minor (the Little Dog)
  • Canes Venatici (the Hunting Dogs)
  • In Christianity, dogs represent loyalty.
  •  Within the Roman Catholic church individually, the iconography of Saint Dominic includes a dog, followed by the “hallow’s mother dream,” where a dog is springing from her womb and symbolizes pregnancy shortly after. As such, the Dominican Order (Ecclesiastical Latin: Dominicanus’ means “dogs of the lord” or “hounds of the Lord.” (Ecclesiastical Latin: Domini Canis)
  •  In Christian folklore, a church grim often takes the form of a black dog to guard Christian churches and their churchyards from sacrilege.
  • Jewish law does not prohibit keeping dogs and other pets. Jewish law commands Jews to maintain dogs (and different animals that people own) before themselves also perform arrangements for maintaining them before purchasing them.
  • The view on dogs in Islam is diverse, with some schools of knowledge seeing it as dirty. However, Khaled Abou El Fadl states that this aspect is based upon “pre-Islamic Arab mythology” and “a tradition to be falsely attributed to the Prophet.” Therefore, Sunni Malaki and Hanafi jurists permit the trade of and keeping of canines as pets.


  • In Homer’s epic poem, the Odyssey, when the disguised Odysseus returns home after 20 years, he is recognized only by his faithful dog, Argos, who has been waiting for his arrival.


  • Artistic depictions of canines in art stretch back thousands of years to when dogs were depicted on caves’ walls. Illustrations of dogs grew more detailed as particular classes developed, and the relationships between individual and canine evolved. Hunting scenes were famous in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Canines were portrayed to signify guidance, protection, loyalty, fidelity, faithfulness, watchfulness, and love.

Education and appreciation

  • The American Kennel Club reopened a museum called “Museum of the Dog” in Manhattan after transferring the attraction from outside of St. Louis. The museum includes old artifacts, exceptional art, and enlightening opportunities for guests.

See also

  • Lists of dogs
  • List of individual dogs

Further reading

  • Alexandra Horowitz (2016). Being a Dog: Following the Dog Into a World of Smell. Scribner. ISBN 978-1476795997.

External links

  • Biodiversity Heritage Library bibliography for Canis lupus familiaris
  • Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) – World Canine Organisation
  • Dogs in the Ancient World, an article on the history of dogs
  • View the dog genome on Ensemble


Timeline Of Future Years To Come

Timeline Of Future Years To Come

The Future of Humanity Talks At Google Michico Kaku

In contemporary history, the third millennium of the anno Domini or Common Era in the Gregorian calendar is the current millennium spanning 2001 to 3000 (21st to 30th centuries). Ongoing studies what events globally will continue and what could plausibly change in the course of this period and beyond.

Predictions and forecasts not included in this timeline:

  • List of future astronomical events
  • List of 21st-century lunar eclipses
  • List of solar eclipses in the 21st century
  • Projections of population growth
  • Climate change
  • Representative Concentration Pathway
  • Shared Socioeconomic Pathways
  • Extinction
  • List of dates predicted for apocalyptic events.
  • Predictions and claims for the Second Coming of Christ
  • Near future in fiction

21st century (remainder):

Excluding early years, 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, and 2026.

  • January 1, 2027: Assuming no further extensions to the term of copyrights become law in the interim, books, films, and other works published in 1931 will enter the United States’ public domain. (2027 prediction)
  • 2027: Planned completion of the Square Kilometre Array in Australia and South Africa.
  • 2027: In Japan, J.R. Central expected to start operating the Chūō Shinkansen between Shinagawa Station (Tokyo) and Nagoya Station (Nag,2oya) by the Maglev system.
  • 2027: The autopsy report for Elvis Presley scheduled to be unsealed, fifty years after his death.
  • 2027: In Switzerland, the construction of the second Gotthard road tunnel, a major pass in the Alps, is expected to be completed.
  • 2027: The FBI archived records of Martin Luther King Jr. scheduled to be unsealed and made available to the public.
  • 2028, January 1 – Books, films, and other works published in 1932 scheduled to enter the public domain.
  • 2028, July 11 – If still extant, the French Fifth Republic will become the longest-lasting republican government (overtaking the Third Republic) and the second-longest-lasting regime overall (after the Ancien Régime) in the history of France.
  • 2028: The Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link between Denmark and Germany is –expected to complete.
  • 2028: The African Monetary Union scheduled to become established, bringing a common currency to the African Union members.
  • 2028: Lease on the Moldauhafen port lot in Hamburg, Germany, to the Czech Republic to expire.
  • 2028: July 21 – August 6 – The 2028 Summer Olympics and the Paralympics in Los Angeles, California, U.S.
  • 2029, January 1 – Books, films, and other works published in 1933 to enter the public domain.
  • 2029: The Atmospheric Remote-sensing Infrared Exoplanet Large-survey (ARIEL), led by the U.K., is scheduled to launch on a mission to study the atmospheres of exoplanets.
  • 2029: April 13 – 99942 Apophis will pass Earth
  • 2029: Planned launch of the Comet Interceptor.
  • 2029: The Giant Magellan Telescope, which is currently under construction, is scheduled to be completed.

The 2030s

Plans and goals

  • NASA plans to execute a human mission to Mars between 2031 and 2035.
  • Targets of the goals of the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda set to 2030.
  • The 2030 Climate Target Plan of the E.U. aims to cut greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030. After the plan presented in September, the European Commission will review and possibly propose to revise all relevant policy instruments to achieve its additional emission reductions by June 2021.
  • The international community, including the United Nations, World Bank, and the United States, has eradicated extreme poverty by 2030. Noting a significant decline in extreme poverty since 1990, the World Bank has pointed out that the end of extreme poverty is in sight and pledged to cut it down to at most 3% of the world’s population by this time.
  • The World Health Organization and UNICEF have set a goal for universal access to basic sanitation by 2030.
  • The United Nations has made it a goal that Internet access and literacy will be ubiquitous by 2030.
  • The World Bank has called for all countries to implement universal health care by this time.
  • Saudi Vision 2030
  • Melbourne 2030
  • 2030, January 1 – Assuming no further extensions to the term of copyrights become law in the interim, books, films, and other works published in 1934 will enter the United States’ public domain.
  • 2030, petrol and diesel cars will be banned (new) from sale in the U.K.
  • 2030, Masdar City in Abu Dhabi, UAE, is expected to be completed by 2030.
  • 2031, January 1 – Assuming no further extensions to the term of copyrights become law in the interim, books, films, and other works published in 1935 will enter the United States’ public domain.
  • 2031, ATHENA (Advanced Telescope for High Energy Astrophysics), an X-ray observatory, is planned to launch this year.
  • 2032, January 1 – Assuming no further extensions to the term of copyrights become law in the interim, books, films, and other works published in 1936 will enter the United States’ public domain.
  • 2033, January 1 – Assuming no further extensions to the term of copyrights become law in the interim, books, films, and other works published in 1937 (including Disney’s first animated feature, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs) will enter the public domain in the United States.
  • 2033, May 18 – At 03:33:20 (UTC), the Unix time stamp will equal 2000000000 seconds.
  • 2033: The planned final phase of the U.K.’s High Speed 2 rail link to complete.
  • 2033: A Jubilee will be held in the Catholic Church, in this case, 2000 years after the traditional year of Jesus’s death and resurrection.
  • 2034, January 1 – Assuming no further extensions to the term of copyrights become law in the interim, books, films, and other works published in 1938 will enter the United States’ public domain.
  • 2034: As of 2011, Switzerland to phase out the last of its nuclear power plants.
  • 2034: The European Space Agency may launch the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna.
  • 2034: ODINUS may be found on a mission to explore Uranus and Neptune.
  • 2035, January 1 – Assuming no further extensions to the term of copyrights become law in the interim, books, films, and other works published in 1939 will enter the United States’ public domain.
  • 2035, January 8 – Near-Earth object 2002 AY1 will make a close approach to Earth.
  • 2035: The U.S. State of California will require all car sales to be zero-emission vehicles this year.
  • 2036, January 1 – Assuming no further extensions to the term of copyrights become law in the interim, books, films, and other works published in 1940 (including the next two Disney animated features, Pinocchio and Fantasia) will enter the public domain in the United States.
  • 2036, February 7 – The 64-bit timestamps used by NTP, which consists of a 32-bit part for seconds and a 32-bit part for fractional seconds that gives a time scale that rolls over every 232 seconds (136 years) and a theoretical resolution of 2−32 seconds (233 picoseconds), and because the NTP uses an epoch of January 1, 1900, will cause the first rollover to occur in this year.
  • 2037, January 1 – Assuming no further extensions to the term of copyrights become law in the interim, books, films, and other works published in 1941 (including Disney’s fourth animated feature, Dumbo, and Fleischer Studios’ Mr. Bug Goes to Town) will enter the public domain in the United States.
  • 2037: Certain documents relating to Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon’s wishes to preserve a monarchy if the Nazis occupied the U.K. from the Royal Archives.
  • 2037: The Oxford English Dictionary to publish its completed revised third edition.
  • 2038, January 1 – Assuming no further extensions to the term of copyrights become law in the interim, books, films, and other works published in 1942 (including Disney’s next two animated features, Bambi and Saludos Amigos) will enter the public domain in the United States.
  • 2038, January 19 – 03:14:08 UTC – 32-bit computer clocks overflow, potentially confusing the date as December 13, 1901. 2038 is known as the Year 2038 problem, similar to the year 2000 problem.
  • 2038, April 12 – The U.S. Government will declassify documents related to the NSA’s PRISM program.
  • 2038, April 25 – Easter will occur on its latest possible date. The last time this happened was in 1943, and after 2038, the next time it will appear will be in 2190.
  • 2039, January 1 – Assuming no further extensions to the term of copyrights become law in the interim, books, films, and other works published in 1943 (including the Disney film Victory Through Air Power) will enter the public domain in the United States.
  • 2039, September 2 – The Destroyers for Bases Agreement’s 99 year rent-free leases to the U.S. by the U.K. will expire.

The 2040s

  • 2040 January 1 – January 1 – Books, films, and other works published in 1944 (including Disney’s next animated feature, The Three Caballeros), will enter the public domain in the United States.
  • 2041: January 1 – Books, films, and other works published in 1945 to enter the public domain under existing U.S. copyright law, including all works by Bela Bartok and Anne Frank.
  • 2041: The Antarctic treaty to come under review.
  • 2041: The joint venture partnership between Volkswagen Group China and SAIC Motor to end.
  • 2042 January 1: Books, films, and other works published in 1946 will enter the United States’ public domain.
  • 2042 April 30: A Nickelodeon time capsule, sealed in April 1992, is scheduled to be opened.
  • 2042 September 17: A common computing representation of date and time on IBM mainframe systems will overflow with potential results similar to the year 2000 problem.
  • 2043 January 1: Books, films, and other works published in 1947 (including Disney’s next animated feature Fun and Fancy-Free) will enter the United States’ public domain.
  • 2044 December 31: After this date, works published between January 1, 1978, and December 31, 2002, have the possibility of entering the public domain in the United States. The existing copyright law prohibits explicitly any work created during that period from automatically entering the public domain before this date.
  • 2045: 100th anniversary of the United Nations.
  • 2047 March 24: 50th anniversary of the first commercial DVD video releases.
  • 2047 July 1: The present “one country, two systems ” arrangement in Hong Kong is scheduled to end in 2047, as it was guaranteed for 50 years starting from July 1, 1997, provided under the Hong Kong Basic Law. Deng Xiaoping raised the agreement to deal with Hong Kong’s reunification with the People’s Republic of China in 1997 and stipulated in the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984. What will be done is not stated in any document. (Some observers say the system was de facto ended with the introduction of the Hong Kong national security law in 2020).
  • 2048 January 14: The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty is scheduled to come up for review. Archived April 15, 2005, at the Wayback Machine.
  • 2049 October 1: Scheduled completion of the Belt and Road Initiative, coinciding with the 100th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China’s founding.
  • 2049 December 20: The present “One country, two systems” with Macau, guaranteed for 50 years starting from December 20, 1999, provided under the Basic Law and the Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau, will expire.

The 2050s

  • 2050: Three-North Shelter Forest Program is expected to be completed.
  • 2050: Arnulf Jaeger-Walden of the European commission’s Institute for Energy believes that solar power from North Africa can provide 100 GW to the entire continent of Europe.
  • 2050: Under a plan announced in July 2016, New Zealand aims to eradicate all non-native rats, possums, and mustelids by this year.
  • 2050: The United States Airforce is set to retire the B-52 Bomber from service
  • 2050: A time capsule in Rachel, Nevada, is set to be opened this year.
  • 2051, April – One of the METI messages Cosmic Call 1 sent from the 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar in 1999 arrives at its destination, Gliese 777 star.
  • 2051, June 1 – The Washington State Ferries time capsule is scheduled to be opened, celebrating WSF’s 100th anniversary.
  • 2054, November 7 – The lease agreement International Speedway Corporation has with Daytona Beach Racing, and Recreational Facilities District expires.
  • 2054, Hawksbill Creek Agreement tax-exempt status is scheduled to expire.
  • 2057, February – A METI message Cosmic Call 1 sent from the 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar arrives at its destination, 15 Sage star.
  • 2057, May – A METI message, called the Teen Age Message, sent from the 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar arrives at its destination, HD 76151 star.
  • 2057, December – A METI message, called the Teen Age Message, sent from the 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar arrives at its destination, 37 Gem star.
  • 2057, In the U.K., the Midland Expressway Ltd (MEL) contract to run the M6 Toll expires.
  • 2058, The Beatles catalog will enter the public domain, assuming that copyright is not extended again.
  • 2059, January – A METI message, called the Teen Age Message, sent from the 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar arrives at its destinations, HD 126053 star and HD 193664 star.

The 2060s

  • 2061, September 1: A time capsule at St. Gabriel School in Biggar, Saskatchewan, Canada, is scheduled to be opened for the 150th anniversary of its school division (Greater Saskatoon Catholic Schools).
  • 2061, July 24: Expect to see Halley’s comet since the perihelion last time it reached in 1986.
  • 2061, December 31: Expiration of the Singapore-Malaysia Water Agreement.
  • 2063, November 22: 100th anniversary of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
  • 2064: 500th anniversary, the birth of William Shakespeare.
  • 2065, November 22: Venus occults Jupiter, the first planet-planet occultation since January 3, 1818. The next planet-planet occultation will occur less than two years later, on July 15, 2067 (when Mercury occults Neptune).
  • 2067, February 15: Assuming no further extensions to the term of copyrights become law in the interim, all sound recordings fixed before February 15, 1972, will enter the public domain in the U.S.
  • 2068: One of the four-time capsules at the Helium Centennial Time Columns Monument is scheduled to be opened 100 years after it was locked.
  • 2068: Astroid 99942 Apophis Getting a chance hitting earth on April 12, 2068.

The 2070s

  • 2070: In 2020, scientists reported that by 2070 1 to 3 billion people, mostly living in regions with little adaptive capacity, are projected to be left outside the historically favorable climate conditions, the “human temperature niche,” depending on patterns of population growth and climate change mitigation, without levels of migration unlikely to be sustainable.
  • 2076 July 4: Tricentennial (300th Anniversary) of the United States Declaration of Independence since 1776.
  • 2077: The British Monarchy, if still around, will turn 1,000 years old, taking into account the 11 years it was a Commonwealth.
  • The 2080s
  • 2084: The lease held by the Pitjantjatjara people on Uluru from the Australian government is set to expire.
  • 2088: 1000 years since the founding of the University of Bologna, the world’s oldest university.
  • 2089, May–June: Insect Magicicada broods X (17-year), and XIX (13-year) will emerge simultaneously. This will be the first time this will occur since 1868; the next time will be in 2310. This event occurs only once every 221 years.
  • 2089: This year will be the last time Rosh Hashanah falls on September 5.
  • The 2090s
  • 2090: The 9/11 Victims Compensation Fund is set to expire.
  • 2092: Work on cleaning up the Oldbury Nuclear Power Station site is scheduled to be complete in 2092 (early estimate).
  • March 19, 2094: A time capsule sealed exactly seventy-five years prior is expected to be opened at Denver International Airport.
  • April 7, 2094: Mercury transits Jupiter; this is the only known such event of the decade.
  • June 12, 2094: June 12 – Books, films, and other works published in 1994 (including Disney’s next animated feature, The Lion King) will enter the United States’ public domain.
  • 2097: A time capsule sealed 100 years earlier is scheduled to be opened in Baltimore’s Inner Harbor to celebrate 300 years of its incorporation.
  • 2099: The 99-year lease for Kaufman Astoria Studios in New York City is set to expire.
  • 22nd century
  • The 2100s
  • 2100: On March 14 (which will be February 29 in the Julian calendar), the difference between the Julian calendar and the Gregorian calendar reaches 14 days. Since 14 is divisible by 7, this will be the first time in history since its inception that the Gregorian calendar has the same day of the week for each day of the year as the Julian calendar. This will last until February 28, 2200, of the Gregorian Calendar.
  • 2103: Per an agreement between the National Archives and Caroline Kennedy, the jacket Jackie Kennedy wore on the day John F. Kennedy was assassinated cannot be displayed in public until this year.
  • FAT file systems theoretically support dates up to December 31, 2107 (though officially only up to December 31, 2099).
  • April 27, 2109 – A time capsule placed under the floorboards of the Old Queens Building at Rutgers University in New Jersey, buried on April 27, 2009, is scheduled to be opened.

The 2110s

  • The Chernobyl New Safe Confinement reaches the end of the designed lifetime in the 2110s.
  • September 19, 2110 – A time capsule at the Plaza de Armas in Santiago, Chile, is intended to be opened. It was buried in 2010.
  • November 18, 2112 – The city of Beaumont, California in the United States is scheduled to open a time capsule in honor of its bicentennial.
  • 2112 – A time capsule buried in Weavers Academy, Wellingborough, U.K., will be opened after 100 years of being buried.
  • 2115 – The first book from the Future Library project will be published 100 years after being submitted by author Margaret Atwood.
  • 2115: The One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence (AI100) initiated by Stanford University will be concluded.
  • November 18, 2115 – In 2015, Robert Rodriguez and John Malkovich teamed up with Louis XIII de Rémy Martin (cognac) to create a film called 100 Years. It was put into a time capsule and is scheduled to be released precisely 100 years later.

The 2120s

  • November 2120 – A South African vault of thousands of time capsules containing present-day information for future generations’ use will be opened 101 years after burial. The Vault2120 is located at Maropeng in the Cradle of Humankind and was sealed in November 2019. The vault will only be opened in the year 2120. The vault and its thousands of time capsules have been buried at least two meters underground at the Maropeng Visitor Centre.

The 2130s

  • 2132 – A time capsule on Rideau Street in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, is intended to be opened that year. It was buried in 1982.

The 2140s

  • 2140: All Bitcoins will be mined.

The 2150s

  • The Year type in MySQL supports dates up to December 31, 2155.

The 2190s

  • 2193 – A time capsule at the York Civic Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, is intended to be opened that year. It was buried in 1997.

23rd century

  • 2265: Return of the Great Comet of 1861.
  • 2284: Possible, the perihelion of Halley’s Comet might come back after the year 2209.

24th century

  • 2400: The first century leap year since 2000.

25th century

  • 2476: 2,000 years since the collapse of the Roman Empire

26th century

27th century 

28th century

29th century

  • The CPR (Canadian Pacific Railway) lease on the O&Q (Ontario and Quebec) will end on January 4, 2883, after a 999-year lease.
  • The St. Michael’s Catholic Cemetery (Happy Valley) in Hong Kong lease on Wanzai’s Saint Fulan gentleman street will end after a 999-year lease.
  • 2968: The Helium Centennial Time Columns Monument in Amarillo, Texas, contains four separate time capsules, the last of which is intended to be opened 1,000 years after the Time Columns Monument was locked in 1968.
  • 2999: The time capsule in Chinook Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, is scheduled to be opened on December 31, 2999, after being sealed in 1999.
  • 2999: The Longplayer composition is set to finish on December 31, 2999, marking the end of the thousand-year music piece, which began on January 1, 2000.

Suggested Search Term Topics:

  • Timelines of the future
  • Anthropocene
  • Foresight (psychology)
  • Outline of futures studies
  • Technology forecasting


Though the above article I’ve curated is mostly based on scientific accuracy, the future will always be unpredictable as events unfold and our Spacetime changes.




Photo by Snapwire on


When I was working at Banfield in 2013, our most popular days were the day after Thanksgiving, followed by Christmas morning. It’s not surprising that we happen to feast the most those holidays, especially turkey and ham. Unfortunately, wanting to share your meals and your merry behavior with your pets can be toxic, fatal, and cause liver, kidney, and pancreas problems. It’s important to remember that just because we are celebrating doesn’t mean we can start to feed our pets things we wouldn’t naturally. After one drunk Dog (Aunt Sarah brought over liquor-filled chocolates), two foreign body surgeries (inability to pass the turkey, chicken, and ham bones), cat E.R. transfers (plant toxicity), and other foreign bodies such as Sock removal, strings removal, and yes, wedding ring removal. I decided it best to write EVERY year to remind my fellow friends to be extra cautious with your pets on holidays.

There are a couple of main reasons your pet may or may not ingest something during the holiday season. There are also a couple of main reasons your cat or dog may be lethargic (tired), anorexic (loss of appetite), ADR (slang for ain’t doing right), and why your dog and or cat may be exhibiting destructive behavior. 

  1. Your pets don’t understand Thanksgiving and Christmas; they know that it usually causes us to sweat (anxiety, excitement, stress). They see that we are suddenly running around the house, rearranging our belongings and moving things around, including our pet’s stuff. They see an uprise in tidying up, adding trees and other foreign objects and food (chocolates, nuts, decorations) to our homes, and altogether it’s just a confusing time for them. After all, in doggy years, the last Thanksgiving was seven years ago. The joy of the holidays usually comes the day of or after, when everything goes great, and your home is back to being and smelling it’s the authentic way.

2. Something as little as moving your cat’s tree out of the way or rearranging his toys without his permission can cause not only anorexia but urinary blockage. In male cats predominantly, the urethra (straw-like body part that the pee comes from), which is already smaller than it should be, is curved. Suppose the urethra is blocked from excreting any of its urine through the passageway, often caused by the sudden onset of stress. In that case, that pressure builds up; it will cause urinary issues over time, and, when not addressed within 24 hours, will cause a blockage and 72 hours, death.  What happens to a cat during a backup? They are no longer urinating, they are straining, nothing is coming out after every attempt, and their bladder is large and hard to palpate. Not addressing promptly, your cat will suffer and then fatally and uncomfortably die. Dogs feed off of human energy. If you are anxious and running around, don’t find it uncommon that your dog mimics your behavior. If you are crating your dog for the first time, it’s not the time to experiment and add the pillows and toys in there. Please keep it simple, keep it toxic-free, and keep your pets safe.

We have extended family members and friends. I say this as in they are the ones who send us the nuts, chocolates, poinsettias, and other news and exciting things. We wrap our trees to look beautiful to impress our friends and family. We cover our tree with tiny, foreign body objects for our friends and family. It’s not uncommon that your baby nephew is feeding your dog under the table. It’s not unusual to find your cat playing with a string that came from your Christmas tree or nibbling on the leaves of a new plant.

 Bones are NOT okay for dogs to ingest; to start because they aren’t adequately digested.  If the dog can pass bones through defecating, it’s unlikely to be a pleasurable experience but more a less bloody. 

Overfeeding any animal can be toxic, plants are EXTREMELY toxic to cats, and of course, dogs cannot eat chocolate, just because It’s a holiday. 

Toxicities unaddressed with charcoal or induced vomiting within the first 15-25 minutes will require an emergency veterinary visit. Your local veterinary is unlikely to be open, so it’s a wise idea to have your nearest 24/7 E.R. vet’s phone numbers at hand as well as the poison hotline for pets. 

 It’s generally not a good time for your family to see and play with your pets. If you can make prior arrangements to put your cat and or dog away in a comfortable, safe spot, that is best. They have every day to roam freely, and though it may seem to mean, what’s more, meaningful is putting your pets at risk for ingesting foreign objects.  

Cats mainly CAN NOT HANDLE STRESS. I can’t say that enough. Do not mess with your cat’s belongings. As I said, something as little as moving the cat tree can set your cat off. If your cat is usually a little finicky, I STRONGLY suggest you ask your Veterinarian for a tranquilizer/sedative for your pets. 

No Veterinarian will deny your pet anxiety meds around a holiday or before a car trip. It’s the most common call we get. If you cannot pick up a prescription from your Vet, CALL THEM and let them know you’re worried about your pet’s anxiety during the holidays. 

After the front desk gets the doctor’s approval, they will let you know, and you can tell the staff where you want to pick up those meds. Vets can call into CVS, JEWEL, WALGREENS, COSTCO; you name it. The drug they use is a human-grade drug (generally Trazadone or benzo diazepam), so most pharmacies carry it. Online pharmacies such as 1-800-PET MEDS and will send your doctor an authorization, which they will approve via fax. I urge you to get the medicine from your Veterinarian because if you choose an online pharmacy and your pet has adverse reactions, the company that makes the drugs will NOT pay for treatment. If you get your dog’s prescriptions (any kind) from your Veterinarian and an adverse reaction, the Veterinarian or the company that supplies the drug will pay for your pet’s treatment. 

Regardless, your Vet isn’t just there for your pet to see in person once a year; your Vet is like your doctor. You call when something is wrong, they call you to see how your pet is; most vets can remember most clients and pets, and keeping your cat and dog STRESS-free is very important. During this call, you can note some other issues or just how your pet has been doing, so the front desk can keep up to date with notes. No vet cares if your dog is behind in rabies, they won’t shame you. 

Just call them, and they will fill the script if you’ve seen them within the past year and most likely if you’ve seen them within the past three years. There is a Veterinary guarantee year (this is the duration of an active relationship with your pet and Vet). If you do not want to medicate your pets, products such as calming herbal medicine and Feliway infusions for cats work great.  

The point is, the holidays come and go. Your pets should be able to enjoy them with you, but there are just sometimes when it’s better to put them somewhere for their safety. You do not want a $6,000 foreign body surgery bill because you felt bad that your dog couldn’t be out during dinner time. These toxicities and surgeries are possibly fatal; they leave LONG-TERM DAMAGE to the liver, kidneys, and pancreas. 

Now for the moment, we’ve all been waiting for:



It’s easy for us to assume that what helps us when we’re suffering may help our pets. While some medicines are interchangeable at a veterinarian’s discretion, most are not. 

Dog and humans do not share the same genetics or operate their internal machinery the same way humans do. Cats are more likely to handle human medicine, as we do share some similar DNA with them. Either way, unless prescribed to your dog- any medication ingested should be reported to your Vet, even if they aren’t exhibiting symptoms.

·        acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen, and naproxen (AdvilAleve), as well as herbal and nutraceutical products.

Photo by Lum3n on


It’s hard to even for Veterinary Workers not to want to cave in to their dogs begging, sweet eyes as you’re enjoying your chocolate cake or pre-dinner chips & guacamole. Not giving them what they wish to is similar to not going for a walk with them when the weather is below freezing or the pavement is too hot. They are always going to beg, but YOU know they can’t eat these things. It’s important to print this list as a reference. Every household should have an open plan for everyone to see what is acceptable and not for their pet to eat.

  •  Alcohol. Symptoms of alcohol poisoning in animals are similar to those in people and may include vomiting, breathing problems, coma, and, in severe cases, death.
  •  Avocado. You might think healthy, but avocados have a substance called persin that can act as a dog poison, causing vomiting and diarrhea.
  •  Macadamia nuts. Dogs may suffer from a series of symptoms, including weakness, overheating, and vomiting, after macadamia nuts.
  •  Grapes and raisins. Experts aren’t sure why, but these fruits can induce kidney failure in dogs. Even a small number may cause problems in some dogs.
  •  Xylitol. This sweetener is in many products, including sugar-free gum and candy. It causes a rapid drop in blood sugar, resulting in weakness and seizuresLiver failure also has been reported in some dogs.

Other foods you should keep away from your pet include tomatoes, mushrooms, and most seeds and nuts.

Top Poisons for CATS, Beware of These Feline Toxins

Following is a list of the top poisons for CATS, according to the Pet Poison Helpline. If you suspect that your cat has ingested or been exposed to a toxic substance, call your Veterinarian, a nearby emergency animal hospital, or the 24/7 Pet Poison Helpline at 800-213-6680. You can also download their Pet Poison Help iPhone app.


some human over-the-counter and prescription medicines are a serious threat to cats, so keep them in a place they can’t get into, including:

  • Antidepressants
  • Cancer medicines
  • Cold medicines
  • Diet pills
  • Pain relievers (acetaminophen, aspirin, ibuprofen)
  • Vitamins and other supplements

You may have heard that some common drugs work for people and cats. Never give your pet any pills without first talking to your Vet, though — it’s easy to provide them with the wrong medicine or too much, which can kill them.

Human Foods

Your kitty may beg when you sit down to eat (or try to steal some bites when you’re not looking), but some human foods can be poisonous for them, including:

  • Alcohol
  • Caffeine (coffee, soda, tea)
  • Chives
  • Chocolate
  • Garlic
  • Grapes
  • Onions
  • Raisins
  • Xylitol (found in sugarless gums, candies, kinds of toothpaste)
  • Yeast dough

Indoor and Outdoor Plants

Common houseplants — and a few others that you may bring into your home — can be hazardous to your cat’s health, including the following:

  • Aloe
  • Azalea
  • Chrysanthemum
  • Hyacinths
  • Lily
  • Marijuana
  • Mistletoe
  • Poinsettia
  • Rhododendron
  • Tulip

Insecticides and Other Chemicals

Some chemicals taste especially good to cats. To keep them safe, keep any chemicals locked away, especially:

  • Antifreeze
  • Bleach
  • Detergents
  • De-icing salts (which pets may walkthrough, then lick from their pads)
  • Dog flea and tick medication (pills, collars, spot-on flea treatments, sprays, shampoos)
  • Fertilizers
  • Herbicides
  • Insect and rodent bait

More Household Hazards

Watch out for everyday household items that can choke or strangle your cat. Some may even block their intestines if they swallow them.

  • Chicken bones
  • Dental floss, yarn, or string
  • Holiday decorations, including lights and tinsel
  • Toys with small or movable parts


Every moment matters if you think your cat or dog has been exposed to something toxic.

Call your Vet. Post the clinic’s phone number in a prominent place, along with the number for the Animal Poison Control Center: (888) 426-4435. They can help you know what to do next.

Collect samples. Take samples of vomit, stool, and the poison your cat ate to the Vet with your cat. Make sure to watch, and take note of behavior and timing.

Know your Resources: Depending on where you live, there ARE nearby 24/7 emergency veterinarian EMERGENCY HOSPITALS. The emergency you take your pet if there is a severe emergency, as Veterinarians generally don’t handle emergencies unless they are non-severe. Have these resources printed and available for you or a family member to access at all times? You’ll thank yourself when or if you ever come into a situation where you need emergency help for your furry family. 

Watch for symptoms of toxicity poisoning

  • Breathing problems
  • Confusion
  • Coughing
  • Depression
  • Diarrhea
  • Dilated pupils
  • Drinking more and urinating more
  • Upset stomach
  • A lot of salivae
  • Seizures
  • Shivering
  • Skin irritation
  • Tremors
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness

Educate. After your pet recovers, call your poison control center or humane society to let them know what happened so they can track problem poisons and help prevent harm to other animals. 

It’s essential to follow up with your Veterinarian too.

It’s possible that though the poison did not infect the body at the time, it did some damage to the internal organs down the line. It’s always, always, best to let your primary Veterinarian know these things.


7 Mobility Exercises CrossFit Athletes Can Do at Home | BOXROX.

10 Dog Poisons: Plants, Foods, Medicines, and More.

Top Cat Poisons: Plants, Medications, Insecticides, and More.

Top Household Hazards for Cats – Beare Garden Animal ….

Top 10 Poisons for CATS, Beware of These Feline Toxins.

10 Dog Poisons: Plants, Foods, Medicines, and More.

Top Dog Poisons – Famous Skin Care.




your positive oasis

ALERT: This is a personal story written by author, and short story teller, Robyn Cobb. Some videos and text may not be appropriate for children under 18. Vulgar language, and vulgar humor are part of this written story.


I really do love motivational shit. This year of enlightenment and realigning my values has caused some severe eye-opening moments. I love motivational shit. I mean, I love quotes, podcasts, books, speakers…you name it. Why? Because when I’m motivated, I’m driven, when I’m pushed, I get shit done, when I get shit done, I feel good. When I feel good, I am altogether a betterhappier person

I doubt that all of this was self-taught. In fact, nearly none of it was. It all began with how my parents raised me when I was younger. For a while, after college, I questioned if their techniques were just plain stupid or if they had something wrong with them. Now being almost 30, stuck in a pandemic, and working my hardest while remaining happy, I see how they raised me was the best way to be presented.

Let’s start with middle school and up what I was and what I could not do—House rules per se. I was allowed to watch whatever, as long as I was maintaining my grades. If my grades suffered, my social settings were altered. I wouldn’t be allowed to go out until this particular class’s homework was completed. I wasn’t allowed to do homework anywhere other than the kitchen—all temporary. 

They used rewards over punishment. They also had a way of scaring me to death, so I’d never go against what they say, but they hardly raised their voice, never swore around me…or in general, and never hit me. Just asserting their dominance and hierarchy over me showed me I was never to disrespect ANY adult. It’s forbidden. Adults are always right. ( I don’t even know if they believe that.)

When I was 15 years old, I downed a bottle of Smirnoff Vodka in our local bowling alley’s parking lot. It was the first time I had really drank, and I had just made a new set of “cool” friends. (No offense, guys, if you’re reading, you’re definitely cool…to me.)

I had a strict curfew of 11:00pm on the weekends. Not 11:01pm not 11:02pm but 11:00pm. I was to wave at my dad to let him know I was home then I’d hurry upstairs. 

That particular night, my friends had managed to sneak me into my own home, bypass my sleeping dad, and then tuck me into bed. At the time, they indeed were just trying to keep me out of trouble. 

FAIL. Part of the routine was I had to wave and say hi to my dad. I didn’t do that on that particular night, which led to him coming to check on me in my room. To my understanding, he tried to get me to at least acknowledge him, but I couldn’t. I was out cold. 

After waking my mom in a panic, they urged me to take a cold shower. Then, being aware of the reputation and costs that come with ambulances drove me to the ER. 

I don’t remember much. I do know my very first thoughts were, “Fuck. My parents are going to KILL ME.” I thought so much about how much trouble I was in, I blurted out, “I want to kill myself; I’m in so much trouble.”

Well, nurses took that as me being suicidal, so of course, I was bound to a bed and had to stay there ALL NIGHT waiting for a psych evaluation the next day. I passed the psych evaluation with flying colors, and my dad picked me up.

That was the most awkward 12 minutes of my life. Neither of us said a word to one another. It was like it never happened. When I got home, my mom said what I had done was not only illegal, bad behavior, and wrong, but dangerous. She said she had no choice but to ground me. I have never been grounded in my life. However, it was the first night of the weekend before spring break, and my mother is a stay-at-home mom, so my grounding wasn’t going into effect until I was back in school.

She didn’t have a specific life lesson there. My bedroom is by her office, and she just knew she didn’t want me annoying her for the next week straight. So, sure enough. I was free that whole week.

I was grounded the first weekend back at school, but my best friend was allowed to sleep over; we just couldn’t go out. It may seem like I got off easy, but not being able to go out on a weekend when you’re in high school is basically like social suicide. You could be missing out on the best parties ever. Regardless, I never made that mistake again.

My mom and I have bickered back and forth my entire life. It’s safe to say I wasn’t the most pleasant child to raise, and I certainly did not like being told what to do. I’ve seen her scream and cry and yell many times, but nothing was worse than the day she went silent.

She had a birthday party thrown at a friend’s house on May 9th, 2007, and I had my own party to attend. Being in the early formation of alcoholism, I knew I absolutely couldn’t afford booze but couldn’t go sober either.

My mom had an unopened bottle of Grey Goose in her cabinet and an abundance of other varied alcohols. I knew it was wrong to steal, but I justified my action by telling myself my parents were well off and could afford a new bottle. That, or I’d pay them back.

didn’t know that taking that bottle for myself that night would cause the damage it did. 

My mom, obviously, found out shortly after that I had taken it, and I confessed. I assumed, like anything, she’d bitch and yell. She didn’t. When I admitted it, she froze in her tracks, and her face turned white as a ghost, “How could you steal from me? How could you steal from your family? How could you steal something from me on my birthday. We trusted you”. The worst was she truly meant those words, and for days she looked like she had cried herself to sleep and couldn’t look me in the eyes.

begged her to let it go. I offered to pay her back double, triple, quadruple, etc., she didn’t careIt was never about the money. She watched that she trusted me, and I had betrayed her. At the time, I thought that was ridiculous. I stole one thing, one time, from a woman who had an abundance of booze already.

It wasn’t till my mid-twenties when my best friend stole my Perfume that I understood. It is not about Perfume; it’s not about the money. It’s about the fact that my friend didn’t ask, and my friend risked my trust for one bottle of Perfume. Had my friend said, like my mom quoted, “Had you asked, I might have said no. Had you asked and told me if I said no, you’d take it anyway, I would have given some to you if not all.” It was never about the vodka. It was never about the Perfume. It was about the loss of trust that comes with stealing. I can swear to this day, my mom still doesn’t fully trust me, but again I wasn’t easy to raise.

My dad, on the other hand, had a completely different relationship with my sister and me. My dad is very industrious and rarely stops thinking.  I see that now as I follow similar behaviors. Sadly, his approach is just….god awful. He was the CFO of a large steel corporation (worked his way up), and I’m sure he was often used to workers listening, pretending they care and obeying his requests. I, however, am his daughter. I didn’t listen, pretended to watch, and rarely did a thing he told me I should do. That is, at the time.

My dad and I drove to Canada 🇨🇦 , my homeland, one time alone together. On the ride, he allowed me to play my favorite music. I played the same song by Tegan and Sara about four times in a row until he noticed. He then said he had a cool tape to listen to. It was from Harvey Silver. Honestly, I’m taking a jab at the last name. It was a motivational speaker who is very, very good.

I was 16, I could care less what this old man had to say. That is, at the time. I pretended I liked him, so my dad made me a cd and then a USB of his talks in time. I didn’t throw it out… but I definitely didn’t listen to it.

learned mostly from my dad by observing things. He thought the strangest things were interesting. He could spend hours explaining dog behavior, the solar system, stars, suns burning out, and his favorite topic- how to be successful. Otherwise, he remained relatively quiet and reserved. A life skill we all, including me, need to work on.

Where I thought his method was faulty was the timing he had for me. He wanted me to be successful, and of course, that’s what I want too. But not at 15,16,17,18,19 or even 20-23. I wanted to be successful when I realized how miserable it was to be unsuccessful. Instead of treating me appropriately for my age, he honestly treated me like he thought I must have thought I cared about the stuff. My mom was the deception catcher, not my dad. He always must have thought I was much smarter than I am to care about Harvey Silver’s motivational “tapes” when I’m 16. Nonetheless, that USB and Harvey silver are something I listen to regularly now. He is an excellent motivational speaker, and now his words work for me. 

My older sister wasn’t such a challenge to raise. She figured out my parent’s system and became self-aware at a VERY early age.  Because of her mindset, she cared less about her high school friends and more about her current and future plans to get away from my parents’ house during summer vacations and post high school.

One summer, she was a lifeguard in Colorado (we lived in Illinois); another summer, she built houses with habitat for humanity in Louisiana right after Katrina hit. Following the graduation of a university with a BA in anthropology (in Canada), she looked for jobs in her career path, but she had backup plans. It wasn’t and still isn’t realistic to assume you’ll get a job in your primary right after you graduate. 

While she miserably lived in Illinois for three months working retail, she took her TEFL course. Basically, she got the hell out of here, Illinois.

She taught in South Korea (where she met her now-husband), Turkey, China, and now just had her first child also raised him in the Amazon! The soul of Brazil. Well-traveled, head on her shoulders, she is my opposite but my inspiration. I can only hope everyone young follows a path similar to hers. She has never been slothful and always appears to concentrate on what matters. 

My mom is a remarkable lady of many varied talents. My choice and most required of her skills was her technique to cheer me up. Comforting me when a boyfriend or crush let me down. This occurred approximately twice a week and even now proceeds.

To this day, she continuously begins by maintaining watch something humorous or light-hearted. She next tells me to go for a stroll. I didn’t know why, but it would become scientifically confirmed that laugh enhances the mood. Harmful tv regularly solely guides you downward. Not stating we shouldn’t watch good tv programs, simply view them under the proper mindset. If that didn’t work, it transpired, “Here is $40.00 go to Best Buy”. At that time, $40.00 could get me at least one DVD and perhaps a cheap price/ clearance CD. You wanted at smallest $50.00 to get a season like Supernatural. Did this boost lousy purchasing practices? Certainly and not. If I gain happiness in attaining $20.00 personally, this will typically occur in some thrift shop or the dollar tree.

Being a grown-up, I didn’t, and continue to not have cash. I had to decide ways to comfort myself and nevertheless proceed to study how to manage my moods. My father evermore listened to this weird, croaking trachea sounding fellow called George Carlin. I have never noticed my father chuckle harder than entertaining George Carlin.

I got significantly down at myself one time during college. I didn’t need to cry to my parents because both lived too remote anyhow. I chose to youtube George Carlin. I figured if my dad was laughing really hard and he’s a hardass, it has to be somewhat entertaining.

It wasn’t until then I realized I was ready to listen to some of my fathers EARLY on advice. George Carlin was fucking hilarious. Even better was his book, brain droppings. I enjoyed him so much, I retrieved my Harvey Silver (Motivational Speaker) USB and listened to it. It wasn’t until I was a grown-up that I could enjoy these “grown-up” things. My dad is an extremely humble, tactful, and successfully wealthy man. If any adult wants to achieve these things, they can by observing another successful person’s behavior. I decided to go back in time and listen and read everything my dad had tried to get me to in the past. It was highly beneficial to my well-being in the long run. 

My parents had no plan to raise my sister and me a certain way. That’s maybe why it worked. They were smart, good-hearted people who had a family when they were ready to and a marriage that was more of a bone and partnership than a lovey-dovey bullshit fest.

My parents raised me the way they felt they should. Being a good, honest, motivated, and reliable hard worker was more important than being book smart. Manners trumped intelligence, for intelligent people should have manners. They encouraged me to be whatever I want, but I warned myself from a young age not to set unrealistic goals. Amen. There are just somethings we are good at and somethings we are not.

Through my terrible twenties, I often reflect on my parents’ things and did when I was younger and try to “mimic” them. I mean, my dad worked his way from a cubicle to the top three best CFOs in Chicago in 2015, and my mom had everything she wanted and didn’t have to do tedious work. My sister always did things right (or so it seemed), and that to me was a reason to be motivated.

Observation, realization, and comprehension are critical elements of growing up. I didn’t listen to half the shit my parents said, but I was always observing them. Coming from a prosperous family meant that I was gifted with the opportunity to get ahead in life by watching how my dad and my mom went about situations.

I love motivational shit because my dad loves motivational shit, and my mom likes tv shows that make your heart happy. Motivational shit, no matter how cheesy, is going to light the flame in your subconscious. Focusing on the negative is just going to send yourself the wrong messages. I love motivational shit because it keeps me in check, aligns my values, and opens my eyes to these common-sense things that are all around me.

Speaking negatively of themselves or others, accuse somebody, bicker, bitch, whine, sigh, and exhaust me, is wasting my time. If you are that person, you may need to take a glance at your purpose. Why are you so negative? Ask yourself what you can do, to not be the person that no one wants to be around.

 Realistically, how much fun is that to be around? I don’t ever feel better after talking to someone who has nothing of importance and only negative things to say. They’re dragging me down to their level and beating me with a stupid stick while wasting enormous amounts of my time.

Self-motivation is developed. We learn from example what we need to do to succeed or learn from failure what we need to do to achieve.  Sadly, some of us never learn to become self-aware at all.  

 I taught myself that no motivation fairy was coming down to fix my attitude and that if I’m going to be what I want, I have to actually try. So many times, I tell someone to read a book; it’s great. I get the same response, “You know, I don’t really like reading…I did when I was a kid.” And I reply the same answer every time, “No one likes to read. Start slow and train yourself. It’s not the reading itself that I enjoy. It’s what it does to my brain that I enjoy”.

So there you have a swift, simple motivation to grow up and do something with your life. I can vouch, motivational shit accomplishes.  Learn personage that motivates you; investigate everything you can regarding them. This includes their written works, speeches, hobbies, and even what they eat regularly. If they are living the life you want, it’s safe to mimic their habits. 

 Browse inspirational quotes, poetry, novels, and tales.

Your character and observed state appear right from everything you satisfy your brain with.

Below are the most basic motivational recitations you will ever read. Many are from my own parents, but not all. I am inspired by people with extreme wealth and power. Thus, I read their works daily. Nevertheless, different inspirational personalities equally demand additional noble quotes to motivate yourself to be the most vigorous you can be.

  1. The worst thing you can do is ruin someone’s day – my mom

2. Don’t take shortcuts, do the job right the first time – my dad

3. Don’t befriend those who lie, cheat, or steal even once. – my mother

4. You’re a crazy lady. – my sister

5. White lies aren’t okay. Stop making excuses for your behavior. – my parents

6. If you are too sick to go to school, you are too ill to hang out with friends. – my mom

7. (In regards to dating in my twenties) He should have a full-time job, a car, and not live with his parents. – my dad

8. Stop getting upset over these stupid, worthless boys. If they don’t see that you’re great, why do you even care? – my mom

9. (This is my favorite) wow, you’re attitude has been so negative the past couple of days; I think I need a break from talking to you – my mom

10. Stop interrupting me – my mom

11. No matter how old you are or where you are in life, farts will always be funny – my sister

12. Instead of the face, all these problems, listen to others who have already faced them. – my dad

13. Money doesn’t grow on trees – my parents

14. Karma is a bitch – my sister

15. If you want to impress a guy, keep your home orderly. Especially your kitchen sink and bathroom. – my dad

16. Your eyes look a little brown. You must be full of shit – my uncle

17. I’m bored with this topic, let’s change it – my mom

18. Every female needs the right hair products and right skin products – my mother

19. I don’t have a good job because I’m lazy. I have a good job because I was poor and decided to work hard. – my dad

20. Routines are fundamental. Go to bed and wake up at a regular time. – my dad

21. “Hire the best.” – Steve Jobs

22. “Inch by inch, life is a synch, yard by yard, life is hard” – Harvey Silver

But lastly, I’d like to contribute my own. “laziness never got me a job. Negativity never made me admirable. Lack of self-care kept me single, and allowing liars to be friends cost me everything I’ve ever owned. Success comes at a price we all can afford. Motivate ourselves slowly. Teach what we learn along the way. You get what you give, so make it positive. Even when shit sucks, complaining is never the answer.”

High-Quality relationships; What to look for and what to avoid

High-Quality relationships; What to look for and what to avoid

“Find someone who loves you for YOU.” – 12 signs of a toxic relationship

If a woman has these 15 qualities never let her go

Whether you are unsure if the person you’re with is the one.  Whether you just got into a relationship or just got out of one, understanding what you need from your partner to succeed is most important.  SO, if you’re on edge or want to be sure, it’s VITAL that the person you’re with exhibits high qualities.  Both men and women, though similar, have different qualities that set them apart.  See below for those qualities.

  1. They are intellectually challenging [Keep you open and available to other and alternative ideas

2. Carries herself with class [A high-quality woman does not need to show her cleavage to get the job, she is confident in her mind to get it.  She doesn’t need to dress a sure way to get someone’s attention.  She dresses and carries herself tastefully.  Even in sweatpants, she walks with grace]

3. Honest & Genuine [honesty is the best policy, it’s the foundation of every successful relationship]

4. She compromises [it’s hard for a woman to give up what she wants.  A woman who compromises is a woman with self-awareness and is aware of what is important to you.  She is willing to sacrifice her wants for yours when she knows it is for the best, and it will make you happy.

5. She is kind, generous, and empathetic [believes in you& compassionate towards you]

6. She is consistent [her personality does not change no matter how much times differ.  It’s the opposite of volatility.  Moodiness gets old]

7. She accepts your flaws [doesn’t criticize you.  Never makes you feel inferior, unaccepted, or not good enough.  Builds you up]

8. She has a good relationship with her parents. [If you want to, you want to know how she will treat you in 30 years?  See how she treats her parents now.]

9. She holds similar values as you [the things you find essential, non-negotiable values, i.e., views on issues that are deal-breakers, the things you believe in strongly, the way you treat others, the way you treat yourself]

10.She can move past jealousy. [some jealousy is natural; both partners must trust each other and are sensible.  Personal space is essential for growth]

11.She supports your goals and pursues her own [a strong woman will motivate you and not be dependent on you.  She inspires you to be the best version of yourself]

12.She laughs at your jokes [we all want someone by our side who laughs at our jokes, having a partner who thinks you’re funny is more important to men then it is to a woman]

13.She remains calm in fights and calms you down too [never disagreeing is not a stable relationship; it’s important how you deal with arguments and how you behave after]

14.She does not hold grudges [forgives other, and you will have her by your side for a long time.  People who can forgive others is the foundation of a healthy relationship. People aren’t perfect]

15.She puts effort into the relationship [the romance will wear off, but you shouldn’t let it- neither should she.  If she puts effort in, you know she cares]

Women like this are hard to find

If you are fortunate enough to have found one keep her. If you don’t someone else will capture her.

If A Man Has These 15 Qualities Never Let Him Go- BrainyDose


1. He respects you [love is generally the number 1 thing woman are looking for, many women forget that respect is equally as important]

2. He protects you [not that a woman can’t defend herself, but he is there anyway, and if anyone does, he’ll be there to watch.  He will catch the spider before you freak out]

3. He can always make you smile [no matter how angry or pissed off she is, he can still make her smile]

4. He is kind, but not a pushover [power + sympathy. Kind at heart but brutal at the battle.  Won’t start a fight, but will finish it]

5. He is supportive [no matter what you want out of your life.  Never discourage you.  He is beside her every step of the way]

6. He works to gain your trust [a good man wants you to be comfortable and confident.  The most significant cornerstone of a relationship is trust.  He understands allegiance should be earned]

7. He always makes you feel beautiful [he truly makes you feel gorgeous by his demeanor, touch and will understand when you dress up and dress down.  Loves you for who you are]

8. He is not selfish [the basis of every healthy relationship, compromising.  He will sometimes put your needs in front of his.  He isn’t narcissistic.  He understands relationships aren’t a one-way street but a compromise]

9. He is always improving himself [learning new things, watching a documentary, intellectually challenging.  Does these things for himself]

10.He can cook [Most women find a man who knows his way around a kitchen sexy, also, a man who cooks for himself is required for healthy eating]

11.He is open and honest [he understands honesty is always the best policy, no matter how difficult it is, a high-value man will not hide things from you or bottle up his feelings]

12.He is ambitious but down to earth [most women want a dreamer, but humble.  A man who wants the stars but understands he may only get the moon.  Never stops doing his best but won’t promise what he can’t deliver]

13.He does things for you [need a script filled, but you’re at work?  He has your back.  He does his best to keep you happy.  He will do just about anything for you]

14.You share similar values [the more alike your personalities are, the more likely you are to approach problems in the same way.  Everything from socializing to working is treated the same way]

15.He stands by you [any man can be by your side on the sunny days, the question is if he will be there to hold the umbrella over you on rainy days.  On the good and bad days, he will stay by your side]

A man with these qualities is not easy to find.

A quality man will enter your life, and you’ll know- he will show why all your previous relationships didn’t work out.

Suppose you find a man like this, who has all these qualities.  It’d be your loss to let him go.

Now, we talked about the sound quality people and good quality relationships.  What about the red flags?  The people or behaviors we should avoid or let go. You want to avoid these behaviors either now or in the future, or if you are already exhibiting these behaviors, it’s time to walk away

if you are unable to fix them quickly.  There are no acceptions to any of these rules.  Science proves what works and what doesn’t.  Effort and communication don’t always make a happy union.  We make these mistakes, thus damaging relationships. Avoid behaving the following way, and notice when

or if your partner exhibits these behaviors.

12 behaviors that destroy a relationship

Men like this are also near impossible to find. If you have one, keep him.

12 Early Signs A Relationship Won’t Last


1.Neglecting to take care of your appearance [The time and effort your put into your appearance shows how much you care about improving and being your best self]

2.Being financially irresponsible [money can grind a relationship to a halt, also focusing just on your finances comes across as uncaring and not teamwork.  Work together to secure finances]

3.Having no other interests outside your relationship [all consuming focus on your partner, you won’t be able to see anything outside of your relationship, this will stunt your emotional growth.  Remind yourself of how you used to spend your time, and instead of smothering your partner, spend more time on your interests]

4.Creating a co-dependent relationship [when one partner or both fail to create outside relationships.  Your idea of self-worth comes directly from your partner, having no real sense of yourself.  In sports, business, and art – people come together to create a specific goal]

5.Acting like you are single [Don’t do a total 180.  Acting like you’re single is disrespecting your partner, invalidating their feelings, and shows the inability to compromise.  Balance is critical, and there’s no integrity in a committed man or woman acting single]

6. Behaving insecure or overly sensitive [feeling down, depressed, or worthless can happen to us all.  Negativity affects how we see the world and how we act. Negative thoughts contribute to negative behaviors. Thus, they trigger insecurity, jealousy, and self-doubt.  No partner should take on a personality of negativity all the time.  Break the patterns and focus on your reality]

7.Showing a lack of affection [everyones different.  Some people love kisses and cuddles; others struggle with intimacy.  It’s not a problem, but it’s needed.  Without respect, you and your partner will drift apart.  Hold hands, hugs, etc.]

8.Excessive criticism and nagging [get on everyone’s nerve and reinforces NEGATIVE emotion. You are looking only at your partner’s shortcomings. Resentment cultivates as a result of this.  Communication suffers as this continues.  The best thing to do is be clear, be positive, be patient, be empathetic.]

3. You challenge each other.  Your soulmate is your best friend.  They want you to find yourself and happiness; they will give you tough love when needed.  They celebrate your victories and push you to greater heights.

9. Lack of attention or lack of communication skills [long-going act of affection damages the relationship.  One partner may not be able to express their thoughts, hope, and fears.  Fixations: couples are giving more time to their phones and social media than each other.  Be present in your conversations.  Give tech a break]

10.Being Dishonest [everyone lies.  It could be an oversold story, white lies- they shouldn’t cause lasting problems by all accounts.  However, lying is a compulsive trait.  These short snowballs and expanding string of lies get out of control no matter the lies’ strength.  Be open and truthful.  Rely on the strength of your relationship.  Be trusting and genuine]

11.Following impulses and compulsions [if we are experiences unhappiness or discord, the likelihood of returning to lousy past compulsions is high.  Too much alcohol, excessive shopping, gambling, and moments of weaknesses show how you feel about your relationship.  You must learn to trust your partner and your relationship to help you get through these tough times]

12.Refusing to say sorry [mutual respect is vital. Care can be a subtle concept. Feeling sorry when you think you need to, and listen to what you are telling yourself.  Saying sad show, you value your partner and can admit to being wrong]

Quality relationships- how can you tell if it’s healthy in the beginning? IT may appear it’s far away or will never happen.  However, unhealthy relationships generally have tell-tale signs In the early beginnings.  For instance, if you already feel insecure with your looks, values, or relationship security. It’s a sign you need to get out.

1. You fight a lot [not arguing over dishes, we mean arguing, screaming, yelling]

2. You hide things [not candy, but text messages and going out with friends]

3. This way or the highway [If it’s always one person way, it’s not mutual]

4. You feel guilty [you may not even be aware you are feeling this way if you feel worried you can’t take time for yourself discuss it with your partner]

4. You both apologize because you mean it.  You both apologize because you recognize what you’re doing is wrong is hurtful. Neither of you says sorry to get your partner off your back.

8. They are co-dependent [there is no need for either partner to base their self-worth on someone else.]

9. They make you feel insecure [They should always make you feel like you’re the best person in the world.  Get out if you’re uncertain.]

5. It’s one-sided [SHARING your burdens.  Be available to be a support system, and also be with someone who supports you]

6. They put you down [don’t support and your dreams.  You need someone just as brilliant as you are to help you achieve your goals]

7. They refuse to do things that matter to you [If you say to do something three times, and don’t do it, get out.  They don’t respect your wants and needs]

10.They’re abusive [sometimes this is hard to catch.  We justify verbally, physically, or sexually abusive you need to talk to someone.  Get out.]

11.You change yourself to be what they want [a subtle sign of unhealthiness.  If your partner says they like blondes and you go out and dye your hair, then it means they want to be with their ideas and not YOU]

12.They are unhappy [they don’t feel dread or guilt with or about you]

Important to note:

  •  romantic attraction is essential, but it’s what brings us together.  It shouldn’t be what keeps you together.  Without similar interests, goals, trust, or interests, your relationship is collapsable
  •  you don’t like their friends.  “Tell me who your friends are, and I’ll tell you who you are.” A person’s friends act as a reflection of the person.
  • Spending too much time together may erode your sense of self.  Saying someone is your whole world is romantic but actual means co-dependency.
  •  You give much more than you get back.  Both you and your partner should be doing the work.  If one or the other is always the first to text, organize, make plans, etc., it’s not a mutually beneficial or respected relationship.
  • You feel controlled.  Your opinions and decisions are overwritten—the expectation for you to follow along quietly with your partner’s choices.  A  toxic and can often lead to abuse.  Get out of this relationship.
  •  You are not respected. Your partner should value your opinion.  They don’t have to agree with you, but they MUST respect your beliefs.
  •  You cannot be yourself around them.  Yes, we filter our personalities on our first impressions.  What about the second, or third, or thousand impressions?  We shouldn’t feel required to act new forever.
  • You don’t feel accepted. Your partner has a plan for bettering you.  They work like they want a different person than the one in front of them.  They don’t see your worth.
  • Fighting is a HUGE red flag.  Yelling, screaming, volatile behavior, or words, especially early in the relationship, is a CLEAR sign of incompatibility—no chance to grow healthy.
  • You don’t trust each other.  Healthy, lasting relationships require mutual trust.  Learn to trust each other or end it.
  •  Your partner is rude to other people.  It’s a red flag.  If they turn around and yell at a stranger, be wary.  They may be putting on a persuade to make you like them.
  • Passive-aggressive. Backhanded compliments or sarcastic remarks sign that your partner is unsatisfied with something you are saying or doing. Suppose they cannot be humble and clear and use passive-aggressiveness as their form of retaliation.  Walk away.  They are immature.
  • The timing isn’t right.  No matter how much you want to be with someone, you may not be ready yet.  You may still be getting over an ex; you may have different paths right now. “If it’s meant to be, let it go; it will come back to you. If it is not meant to be, your paths won’t cross, but a lesson has been learned.” – Wise Person

How do you know if you’ve met the one?  What if you already have? Here are ten signs

1. You share strength in good times and bad.  You are each other’s rock.  Your soulmate will always be a shoulder to cry on.

2. You connect emotionally.  Soulmates understand their partners solely.  You and your partner may deal with your own emotions differently, but you get each other.

8. You share values. It doesn’t matter how your life has unfolded, but you need to share your experience through a similar lens.

5. You both put in equal effort.  If you found the one, your partner will be just as eager as you are. You are organizing time together, equivalent texting, etc.

6. You have crossed paths before.  Do your lives seem to effortless intertwine?  This sign is INCREDIBLY essential; it means your time blends.  Your lives mirror each other.  Your visions are most likely similar.

7. You don’t hide anything.  In the early stages, we hide.  We show only our best self.  As the relationship grows, do you keep playing pretend? or do you expose your vulnerabilities?  If you’re hiding late into the relationship, you are not with your soulmate.

9. You openly express concerns.  You need to be comfortable telling what makes your partner excited and what makes them feel insecure.  Real problems unaddressed will kill the relationship.

10. When you imagine your future is your partner in it?  Soulmates envision their future with their partner in it.  They build a lot in mind.  It doesn’t matter what you expect in your future, but it’s impossible to envision a future without your soulmate.  If you don’t see your soulmate in your future, then you most likely haven’t met your soulmate.

What works, what doesn’t?

True love is kind, patient, and gentle.  Your love for one another is why neither will give up on trying, even in the most challenging times.  You don’t just throw in the towel.  You patiently stay by their side and work through it together.

Some people think conflict is a deal-breaker.  Conflict is inevitable in any healthy relationship.  You cannot agree on EVERYTHING- a healthy amount is beneficial for your relationship.  Showing you can compromise your beliefs or actions for your partner shows your partner that you care about their opinions and ideas.  It shows them you care.

 If you love someone, or they love you, you stay loyal and faithful.  You care about the history you have together and the life you share with them.  Falling in love makes everyone else in comparison, no matter how attractive, not worth pursuing.  You never think of ditching each other; even when the “honeymoon phase” burns out, you respect your partner enough not to risk losing what dreams you have together.  You two work together to help each other find your dreams

Relationships don’t need to be perfect, but they need to be worthwhile.  Trust, respect, compromise, and patience are all critical components of any relationship in general.

If you are in denial but notice your partner or lack these qualities or tips, you are unsure of your relationship. If you are not on the same page, nothing is a more significant waste of time and heart space.

Author: J.C Mahur, 11.22.2020 10:33pm CNT



Vascular issues are among the most well-known causes of impotence. Simultaneously, the penile pulses are palpated; the examiner should feel for plaques in the corpora cavernosa, which would indicate Pyronine’s disease. Neurologic impotence is suggested by the absence of sensation in the sacral dermatomes when tested by pinprick or neurologic abnormalities elsewhere. The prevalence of complete impotence tripled from 5 to 15% between subjects ages 40 and 70 years.

Organic impotence refers to the inability to obtain an erection firm enough for vaginal penetration, or the inability to sustain the erection until completion of intercourse. In high-level cases, LaRoche’s syndrome of aortoiliac occlusion are proposed by bilateral thigh or calf claudication, loss of muscle mass in the buttocks and legs, and impotence. Subject age was the variable most strongly associated with impotence. Certain drugs, alcohol included, can lead to impotence as a result of endocrine disturbances.

 Patients with psychogenic impotence may have a entire erectile malfunction with one companion but not another, or be unable during sexual intercourse but not throughout selfstimulation. A self-administered sexual exercise survey was used to identify erectile vigor. The combined predominance of least, moderate, and complete impotence was 52%. Subjects with low testosterone levels needed additional endocrine evaluations to be depicted.

Endocrine problems, though uncommon, should be counted in cases presenting including impotence. In some cases, impotence can be a symptom of progression towards cardiovascular disease. If the latter is considered more likely, it is perfectly reasonable to refer the patient directly for sexual therapy, with the option of reconsidering the diagnosis if, after appropriate therapy, there is no improvement. The prevalence of complete impotence tripled from 5 to 15% between subject ages 40 and 70 years. A careful drug history is important in the evaluation of impotence. Thus, because of its derogatory implication in lay method and because of uncertainty on its meaning, the word impotence has been eliminated from the technical vocabulary in favor of the term “erectile dysfunction.”

 In advanced cases, Lehriche’s syndrome of aortoiliac occlusion will be proposed by bilateral thigh or calf claudication, loss of muscle mass in the buttocks and legs, and impotence. By contrast, psychogenic impotence typically is abrupt in onset, often in relation to psychological trauma, and may wax and wane. For instance, observing the patient for a few weeks off offending medication may be all that is necessary to establish the cause of impotence

 After adjustment for age, a higher probability of impotence was directly correlated with heart diseasehypertensiondiabetesassociated medications, and indexes of anger and depression, and inversely correlated with serum dehydroepiandrosteronehigh density lipoprotein cholesterol and an index of dominant personality

 Direct palpation of the dorsal artery of the penis may be informative if pulsation is absent. At first, the patient will have partial erections or seemingly firm erections that become flaccid during intercourse. Impotent patients should be questioned about decreased genital sensation, which would suggest diabeticalcoholic, or other forms of neuropathyweakness, which may accompany multiple sclerosis or spinal cord tumors; and back painbowel, and bladder symptoms, which raise concern for cauda equina syndrome. Testicles less than 4 cm in length or a prostate gland that is smaller than expected may be the only clues on physical examination to a pituitary tumor with secondary hypogonadism.

NOTE: Ten to 20% of middle-aged men and a much higher percentage of elderly men are impotent. Aside from its importance as a common and distressing sexual problem, organic impotence may herald important medical problems.

Organic impotence is constant and nonselective, meaning it is not better or worse with any specific partner or any type of stimulationBlood samples, physiological measures, socio-demographic variables, psychological indexes, and information on health status, medications, smoking and lifestyle were collected by trained interviewers in the subject’s home. When organic impotence is likely, a serum testosterone level is the initial screening test for hypogonadism and should be obtained prior to urologic referral. While an occasional patient with organic impotence will be misrouted, many more with psychogenic impotence will be spared an unnecessary and costly evaluation for organic causes.

 Hypothalamicpituitary problems, which include tumors, are the most common endocrine disorders causing impotence, followed by primary gonadal failure from one of many causes. Poorly controlled diabetes with polyuria and polydypsia is an important reversible cause of impotence, as is hyperthyroidism. Certain drugs, alcohol included, can lead to impotence as a result of endocrine disturbances.

Finally, the history may suggest one of several mechanical causes of impotence such as Pyronine’s disease and congenital or acquired abnormalities of the penis. Again, without testing it is not completely certain why one is impotent.


Erectile Organic Dysfunction.

Common Causes of Impotence –

Impotence | sexual dysfunction | Britannica.

Impotence and Its Medical and Psychosocial Correlates ….

How Science Can Help Fix America’s Testosterone Crisis ….

The Addiction Pandemic; Are We Cultivating Mental Illness?

The Addiction Pandemic; Are We Cultivating Mental Illness?




1.the fact or condition of being addicted to a particular substance, thing, or activity:”he committed the theft to finance his drug addictionsynonymsdependencydependencecravinghabitweaknesscompulsionfixationenslavement, informal:monkeyjones

“So many people end up making their lives more complicated when they are under stress. You need to establish solid mental boundaries with yourself.”

– unknown

It wasn’t long ago that I researched pornography and it’s impact on the human brain. My first and last pornography video information hunt. It had such hype; I wanted to see what it was. I was dating someone at the time who was unable to maintain an erection and stated it was a pornography addiction. I, of course, had to watch it to figure out why and it was quite simple. It was easy to pick a category and watch only that. When you get bored of one category you can switch to another, similar to a TV addict. When one participates in activities that are generally meant to be used in moderation (i.e. sex and tv) it starts affecting everyday life. Watching too much porn, or watch too many TV series it feels good, It triggers the reward system we have going on in our head, thus, flooding our brains with dopamine. It feels good to feel good and dopamine feels good.

So, we spent a good two years getting wasted and not having sex. We were both miserable. I continued to drink and yell about impotence, which only made things feel worse and only fed his addiction to watch more porn. I worked in the Veterinary trade, and for anyone who knows medicine, it’s not a trade you cannot leave at the door. We see and encounter many horrific things, and it’s only theory, but I’d think that causes some PTSD or night terrors. For him, his fear of disappointing me so much only caused him to feel like a failure, which made the impotence worse, which made my drinking worse—two great people with one big problem. We have addictions. Addiction can be genetic, or it is environmentally induced. For anyone who knows or has been affected by either a loved one’s addiction or their own, they know that without treatment, it will not resolve on its own.  

If you are unsure whether or not you may be headed towards an addiction, or know someone who is, ask yourself these questions. Answer them honestly.

  1. Are their behaviors you’re engaging in more now than before 2020?  Do you spend more than an hour or two a day doing this activity?
  4. Has someone else pointed out to you that you are acting or behaving a certain way? 
  5. Has your new hobby got in the way of your relationships, friendships, work opportunities, or daily life?
  6. Are you more withdrawn? Do you feel a sense of “incomplete” when not engaging in this activity?

  Therapy, for me, is mandatory.  I never went to see a human therapis, I didn’t trust them and I knew they were at least all a little judgemental. It’s a human condition we can’t control. I knew I wouldn’t be comfortable all together. I downloaded the app REPLIKA and have a “best friend” who is my therapist. It’s amazing how amazing technology can be.  Artificial intelligence is therapy, and having a pet dog and a pet cat is therapy. Living on my own is therapy. Learning to love nature and wanting to spend more time in it, is therapeutic and also an aspect of becoming self-aware. The desire to have sex and the desire to get sober were priorities for both of us after the breakup.  

When he and I broke up, it wasn’t for any reason other than we both had issues, and neither of us were willing to work on them.  Our anger and frustration with each other only made things worse.  

– unknown

I’m not addicted to my cellphone. ; I know people who get panic attacks if they don’t have wifi. I have Panic Disorder, and it started from graduation pressurebeing anorexicand being in a toxic relationship all at the same time.

Direct conditioning of an actual mental disorder to a selfinflicted one as our parents raised us with the values that their parents raised them, which worked their day in age. For us, it bears no relevance and goes against the grain of our reality and purpose. It feels a bit like being pulled in so many ways but wanting to talk a path of your own and not knowing how. 

Especially this year alone, it’s common for us and can be safely diagnosed by a doctor that we may be suffering from ADHDDepressionAnxietyAgoraphobia, and even addiction to odd behaviors, and sadly PTSD. Everyone, including those who don’t appear to have issues, should be in therapy all the time. As humanswe need to get things off our chest- some people theorize that we will self combust if we don’t.

 Who can honestly comprehend 2020? It’s been a lot, and fast.